Jersey Shore, Pennsylvania

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Jersey Shore, Pennsylvania
Borough
A view of Jersey Shore
A view of Jersey Shore
Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania highlighting Jersey Shore
Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania highlighting Jersey Shore
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lycoming County
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lycoming County
Coordinates: 41°12′9″N 77°16′0″W / 41.20250°N 77.26667°W / 41.20250; -77.26667Coordinates: 41°12′9″N 77°16′0″W / 41.20250°N 77.26667°W / 41.20250; -77.26667
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Lycoming
Settled 1800
Incorporated 1826
Government
 • Type Borough Council
 • Mayor Dennis Buttorf
Area
 • Total 1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)
 • Land 1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[1] 604 ft (184 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 4,482
 • Density 3,655.1/sq mi (1,411.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 17723, 17727, 17740
Area code(s) 570 Exchanges: 398, 753
FIPS code 42-38128[2]
GNIS feature ID 1213696[1]

Jersey Shore is a borough in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is on the West Branch Susquehanna River, 15 miles (24 km) west by south of Williamsport. It is part of the Williamsport, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. In the past, Jersey Shore held farms, railroad shops, cigar factories, a foundry, and a large silk mill. In 1900, 3,070 people lived there; in 1910, 5,381; and in 1940, 5,432. The population was 4,482 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Jersey Shore was incorporated as a borough on March 15, 1826. The history of Jersey Shore begins about 50 years before it was incorporated and on the opposite bank of the West Branch Susquehanna River in what is now Nippenose Township. Colonel John Henry Antes arrived in 1772 and established a homestead along the banks of Antes Creek. Antes also built a gristmill and his fortified home, Fort Antes, provided a safe haven for the early settlers against raids conducted by Loyalist and Indian forces during the American Revolution. Settlers who had sought refuge at Fort Antes and had returned to the right bank of the West Branch to milk their cows were among the first killed when Fort Antes was attacked just prior to the Big Runaway. These pioneers on the north side of the river were counted among the Fair Play Men, a group of squatters who lived outside the jurisdiction of the colonial and revolutionary governments of Pennsylvania. Many of the settlers did not return to the area until after Sullivan's Expedition had forced the Lenape and other Indians allied with the British further west.[3]

Jersey Shore was originally named Waynesburg by the two brothers, Reuben and Jeremiah Manning, who laid out the town circa 1785.[3] Around the time that this was happening, a settlement arose on the eastern side of the West Branch Susquehanna River (Nippenose Township), opposite Waynesburg. A rivalry developed between the two settlements, and those on the eastern shore began referring to the settlement on the western shore as the "Jersey Shore," because the Manning family had relocated from New Jersey. The nickname became so fixed that in 1826 the original name of Waynesburg was officially abandoned and changed to Jersey Shore.[4]

Jersey Shore's location on the West Branch Susquehanna River, just downstream from the mouth of Pine Creek made it an ideal location for traders and other businessmen who outfitted the pioneers who settled the western most portions of the West Branch Susquehanna River Valley and the Pine Creek valley.[5] Thomas Martin was a farmer who sold his produce to the people of Jersey Shore and to the men and women who were just passing through. Mr. Martin was noted for his strong beliefs regarding the prices that he set.[3] For example, if he believed that his potatoes were worth 35 cents a bushel, he would sell them for 35 cents a bushel, no more no less. If his competitors would sell potatoes for 50 cents a bushel, Martin would not raise his price and if others lowered the price to 25 cents per bushel, he would not lower his price. This firmness and fairness allowed Thomas Martin to rise to a position of prominence in Jersey Shore and Lycoming County. His reputation for fairness and honesty was passed onto his son Lewis Martin who went on to serve as a Lycoming County prothonotary and as a deputy U.S. Marshal.[3]

The Reverend John Hays Grier arrived in Jersey Shore in 1814. He was a Presbyterian missionary who originally set out from his home of Doylestown Pennsylvania with the intention of serving the pioneers of the west. He stopped one Sunday in Jersey Shore and for the most part never left. He built a strong congregation at Jersey Shore and another upstream on the West Branch in Lock Haven. Grier served the churches in Lock Haven and Jersey Shore for 14 years before serving the church in Jersey Shore, alone, for and additional 23 years. Rev. Grier was also elected sheriff of Lycoming County in 1822.[3]

Jersey Shore was once a major player in the railroad industry. In 1901, the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad announced it would build large rail car shops near Avis, 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Jersey Shore, on the far side of Pine Creek. To induce workers and businesses to favor Jersey Shore over competing towns, entrepreneurs acquired land and built the Jersey Shore Electric Street Railway, a trolley line running from the city to the New York Central shops. In 1905, a second trolley line, the Jersey Shore and Antes Fort Railway, was put into service between the city and the Pennsylvania Railroad station in Antes Fort, 2 miles (3.2 km) to the southeast. These two trolley lines changed Jersey Shore from a city with no railroad connection to a city with two.[6] What had formerly been a minor stop on the West Branch Canal and stagecoach lines was transformed into an industrial boomtown. Over 1,000 skilled mechanics were employed at the car shops. They were able to earn wages that far exceeded the normal income of the average worker in Lycoming County at the time.[3] Other early industrial ventures in Jersey Shore included the American Balance Valve and Machine Works (a maker of railroad valves), the Susquehanna Silk Mill and the Jersey Shore Creamery Company.

Jersey Shore Steel Company was founded in 1938, near the end of the Great Depression by John A. Schultz. The company began manufacturing steel rails for the railroad industry. In its first year of business Jersey Shore Steel was able to produce 15,000 tons of rail steel.[7] When John A. Schultz died in 1943, the business was passed onto his sons Charles and John A. Jr. The brothers oversaw expansion and devastation. A massive fire nearly destroyed the steel mill in 1963, and the Agnes Flood of 1972 caused tremendous amounts of damage. The company, which is owned by a third generation of the Schultz family, operates two mills, the original mill in Jersey Shore and a second mill downstream in Montoursville. It is capable of producing 170,000 tons of rail steel annually.[7]

The Jersey Shore Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.[8]

Geography[edit]

Jersey Shore is located at 41°12′9″N 77°16′0″W / 41.20250°N 77.26667°W / 41.20250; -77.26667 (41.202587, -77.266715).[9] It is just east of the confluence of Pine Creek with the Susquehanna, surrounded to the north, west, and south by Porter Township and to the east (across the Susquehanna) by Nippenose Township.[10] As the crow flies, Lycoming County is about 130 miles (209 km) northwest of Philadelphia and 165 miles (266 km) east-northeast of Pittsburgh.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), all of it land.

Also according to the United States Census Bureau, its nowhere near New Jersey, or the Jersey Shore, or any shore of any kind.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 640
1860 1,365 113.3%
1870 1,394 2.1%
1880 1,411 1.2%
1890 1,853 31.3%
1900 3,070 65.7%
1910 5,381 75.3%
1920 6,103 13.4%
1930 5,781 −5.3%
1940 5,432 −6.0%
1950 5,595 3.0%
1960 5,613 0.3%
1970 5,322 −5.2%
1980 4,631 −13.0%
1990 4,353 −6.0%
2000 4,482 3.0%
2010 4,361 −2.7%
Est. 2012 4,364 0.1%
Sources:[11][2][12]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 4,482 people, 1,771 households, and 1,190 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,655.1 people per square mile (1,406.9/km²). There were 1,904 housing units at an average density of 1,552.7 per square mile (597.7/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.75% White, 0.38% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.13% of the population.

There were 1,771 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the borough the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 84.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $30,594, and the median income for a family was $39,261. Males had a median income of $27,045 versus $18,220 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,343. About 6.5% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions[edit]

Jersey Shore is the southern terminus of the 65-mile-long Pine Creek Rail Trail.

Media[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Lloyd, Thomas W. (1929). History of Lycoming County Pennsylvania. Indianapolis, IN: HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  4. ^ Meginness, John Franklin (1892). "Chapter XXVIII.". History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania: including its aboriginal history; the colonial and revolutionary periods; early settlement and subsequent growth; organization and civil administration; the legal and medical professions; internal improvement; past and present history of Williamsport; manufacturing and lumber interests; religious, educational, and social development; geology and agriculture; military record; sketches of boroughs, townships, and villages; portraits and biographies of pioneers and representative citizens, etc. etc. (1st Edition ed.). Chicago, IL: Brown, Runk & Co. ISBN 0-7884-0428-8. Retrieved 2007-05-01. "(Note: ISBN refers to Heritage Books July 1996 reprint. URL is to a scan of the 1892 version with some OCR typos)." 
  5. ^ *"Potter County, PA Lookups". Potter County Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-05-01. 
  6. ^ Shieck, Paul J., and Cox, Harold E. (1978). West Branch Trolleys: Street Railways of Lycoming & Clinton Counties, pp. 55-80. Forty Fort, Pennsylvania: Harold E. Cox.
  7. ^ a b "High Strength Steel Rail Since 1938". Jersey Shore Steel Company. Retrieved 2007-05-01. 
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Planning and Research, Geographic Information Division. "2007 General Highway Map Lycoming County Pennsylvania" (Map). 1:65,000. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/lycoming_GHSN.PDF. Retrieved 2009-12-27.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  13. ^ Thompson, Hunter S. (2002). Songs of the Doomed: more notes on the death of the American dream. New York, New York: Touchstone. ISBN 0-7432-4099-5. 

External links[edit]