Jervine

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Jervine
Jervine.png
Identifiers
CAS number 469-59-0 N
PubChem 10098
ChemSpider 9694 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL186779 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C27H39NO3
Molar mass 425.60 g/mol
Solubility 10 mg/mL in EtOH
6 mg/mL in DMF
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Jervine is a steroidal alkaloid with molecular formula C27H39NO3 which is derived from the Veratrum plant genus. Similar to cyclopamine, which also occurs in the Veratrum genus, it is a teratogen implicated in birth defects when consumed by animals during a certain period of their gestation.

Physiological effects[edit]

Jervine is a potent teratogen causing birth defects in vertebrates. In severe cases it can cause cyclopia and holoprosencephaly.

Mechanism of action[edit]

Jervine's biological activity is mediated via its interaction with the 7 pass trans membrane protein smoothened. Jervine binds with and inhibits smoothened, which is an integral part of the hedgehog signaling pathways.[1] With smoothened inhibited, the GLI1 transcription cannot be activated and hedgehog target genes cannot be transcribed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chen, J; Taipale, J; Cooper, M. (2002). "Inhibition of Hedgehog Signaling by direct binding of Cyclopamine to Smoothened". Genes Dev. 16 (21): 2743–2748. doi:10.1101/gad.1025302. PMC 187469. PMID 12414725.