October 2, 1902|
|Died||June 18, 1969
|Other names||Henryk Nowicki|
|Occupation||author, playwright, political activist|
|Known for||political activism|
Jerzy Zawieyski, born Henryk Nowicki, (born 2 October 1902, Radogoszcz[disambiguation needed], died 18 June 1969, Warsaw) was a Polish playwright, prose writer, Catholic political activist and amateur stage actor. He wrote psychological, social, moral and historical novels, dramas, stories, essays and journals.
As a secretary of the Towarzystwo Uniwersytetów Robotniczych, he did organizing work for the workers' educational and theatrical movement. Then he was an activist of the Związek Młodzieży Wiejskiej Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. During the German occupation of Poland, he was active in the underground cultural movement.
In 1921, Zawieyski made his debut with poems (Strzępy) under the pseudonym Konar-Nowicki. In 1926, he graduated from the School of Drama in Kraków. From 1926 to 1928, he was an actor at the Reduta Theatre and editor of the magazine Teatr Ludowy. From 1929 to 1931, he was staying in France, where he worked as an instructor of Polonia amateur drama groups. After returning to Poland, until 1939, he worked as the director of the Instytut Teatrów Ludowych (Institute for Folklore Theaters), actor and literary manager of the Ataneum Theatre. In his youth, Zawieyski had been an atheist and did not convert to Catholicism until the 1930s.
After World War II, Zawieyski worked as a lecturer at the Catholic University of Lublin (Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski, KUL). He co-founded the Klub Inteligencji Katolickiej, whose president he was until 1957. He was a member of the editorial boards of Tygodnik Powszechny (From 1946 until 1952, and again from 1956) and Znak (1946–1951 and from 1957). In 1949, he was awarded by the Polish episcopate. In 1957–1969, he was a member of the Sejm of the People's Republic of Poland. In 1957–1968, he was a member of the Polish Council of State.
Zawieyski was homosexual. In 1933 he met Stanisław Trębaczkiewicz. They fell in love and lived together until Zawieyski's tragic death in 1969. Both, in accordance with their wishes, are buried in the same grave in Laski Cemetery near Warsaw.
- Baliwszewski, Dariusz (2005). "Upadek z wysokości". Wprost 24 (in Polish) (Agencja Wydawniczo-Reklamowa "Wprost") (26/2005 (1178)).
- Baranowicz, Jan; et al. (1958). Kredą na tablicy. Wspomnienia z lat szkolnych (in Polish). Warsaw: Czytelnik. OCLC 16969597.
- Brandys, Marian (1983). Z dwóch stron drzwi (in Polish). Warsaw: Oficyna WE (Wydawnictwo Enklawa). OCLC 69552002.
- Brudnicki, Jan Z. (1985). Jerzy Zawieyski (in Polish) (1st ed.). Warsaw: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy. ISBN 83-06-01205-4. OCLC 14106350.
- Kluźniak, Malina (ed.) (2000). "Niesie mnie rzeka smutku..." Korespondencja między Jerzym Zawieyskim a Zofią Nałkowską 1943-1954 (in Polish). Warsaw: Biblioteka Narodowa. ISBN 83-7009-268-3. OCLC 45611238.
- Kulesza, Dariusz (1999). Tragedia ukrzyżowana. Dramaty chrześcijańskie Romana Brandstaettera i Jerzego Zawieyskiego (in Polish). Białystok: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku. ISBN 83-87884-14-6. OCLC 42894667.
- Urbankowski, Bohdan (ed.) (1995). Stwarzanie światów. Antologia współczesnego dramatu polskiego (in Polish). Warsaw: Wydawnictwa Szkolne i Pedagogiczne. ISBN 83-02-05614-6. OCLC 69352036.
- "Zawieyski Jerzy". Internetowa encyklopedia PWN (in Polish). Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Retrieved 2007-12-10.
- "Zawieyski Jerzy". WIEM Encyklopedia (in Polish). Retrieved 2007-12-10.