|Date of birth||12 August 1977|
|Place of birth||Nuuk, Greenland|
|Height||1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)|
|Playing position||Winger / Second striker|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Jesper Grønkjær (Danish pronunciation: [ˈjespɒ ˈɡʁɶnkɛːˀɔ̯]; born 12 August 1977 in Nuuk, Greenland) is a former Danish professional football player. A pacey winger, he was able to play on the right or left wing and as a second striker. Grønkjær played a total 400 league games for a number of European clubs, most notably winning the 1999 Dutch Cup with Ajax Amsterdam and playing more than 100 games for English club Chelsea FC. He ended his career with FC Copenhagen, winning four Danish Superliga titles with the club. Grønkjær was capped 80 times for the Danish national team from 1999 to 2010, scoring five goals. He played for his country at the 2002 World Cup and the 2010 World Cup, as well as two European Championship tournaments. He was named 1995 Danish Under-19 Player of the Year.
Club career 
AaB & Ajax 
Raised in Thisted, Grønkjær started his career with local team Thisted FC. Earlier in his career he was told that he could have been a sprinter. He moved on to defending Danish Superliga champions Aalborg Boldspilklub (AaB) in 1995. He played almost 100 matches for the club, including games in the European 1995–96 UEFA Champions League tournament. He attracted the attention of a string of European top clubs.
AaB sold Grønkjær in a £3.5 million transfer deal with Dutch club Ajax in October 1997, with Grønkjær moving to Amsterdam in July 1998. At Ajax, he was coached by fellow Dane Morten Olsen, and played alongside Danish international Ole Tobiasen. With Ajax, he won the 1998–99 KNVB Cup and he was named "Ajax Player of the Year" by the fans in 1999–2000.
In October 2000, Grønkjær joined Premier League club Chelsea for £7.8 million, which made him the then most expensive Danish football player. However, he was still sidelined with an injury until January 2001. His career at Chelsea lasted four years, and his erratic form caused much frustration for Chelsea manager Claudio Ranieri and the Chelsea fans. However, at his best he was a constant threat and was capable of giving the best full-backs a tough game. He created and scored some very important goals for the club. In Chelsea's fourth round FA Cup match away to Gillingham on 28 January 2001, Grønkjær started his first match for the club and scored two goals and hit the post twice, as Chelsea won 4–2.
A notable example was when Grønkjær assisted the first goal and scored the second against Liverpool on the final day of the 2002–03 season at Stamford Bridge to give Chelsea a 2–1 victory and the important fourth place in the league, which allowed the club to qualify for the upcoming 2003–04 UEFA Champions League tournament. The importance of this result cannot be overstated, as qualification for the Champions League was considered essential to Roman Abramovich's impending takeover of the club. While talking about the goal in February 2011, Grønkjær said, "I remember the goal very well. I was on the right wing when we got a throw-in, but instead of passing I cut in from the right and beat three or four defenders before sticking it in the other corner. It was a nice feeling, and a good reward for a great season,". The goal has gone down in legend as the most important in Chelsea's history, as it paved the way for the Russian revolution. For this reason, it is often referred to as the "billion pound goal."
In the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League quarter-final second leg away at Highbury Stadium, Grønkjær came on for Scott Parker in the second half, with Arsenal leading 1–0 on the night and 2–1 on aggregate. Within six minutes of the substitution, Chelsea equalized through a goal by Frank Lampard. As Wayne Bridge scored three minutes before the final whistle, Chelsea went on to defeat Arsenal 3–2 on aggregate and book a place in the semi-finals. In the following semi-final against AS Monaco, he scored from outside the penalty area with a cross-come-shot, but it was not enough for Chelsea to reach the final, as the club was defeated 5–3 on aggregate by Monaco.
Grønkjær also scored a strike in front of 67,000 fans at Old Trafford against Manchester United in the penultimate game of the 2003–04 season, the second of a three-game scoring streak. His final goal scored for Chelsea came the following week against Leeds United, where he scored the winner with a header in the first half.
Three clubs in two years 
Chelsea had fired manager Ranieri before UEFA Euro 2004, and Grønkjær signed for Birmingham City for £2.2 million in July 2004. He had a poor start with Birmingham, as he had difficulty adapting to playing for a struggling team, and scored only once, against Lincoln City in the Football League Cup. He was transferred to Atlético Madrid in December 2004, for a fee of around £2.5 million. His spell with Atletico was also a troubled time for Grønkjær, and in the summer of 2005 he transferred to Bundesliga club VfB Stuttgart, where the club was building a formidable squad under manager Giovanni Trapattoni, with Grønkjær playing alongside fellow Dane Jon Dahl Tomasson.
However, despite the hype and expectations at the start of the season, the club struggled in mid-table. At the beginning of February 2006, Grønkjær and Tomasson openly criticised Trapattoni as "lacking the will to attack and win." The criticism came after 12 drawn games out of 20, and although Trapattoni wanted to assert his authority and benched both players in the next game, he himself was fired the very next day, on 9 February 2006. Rumours in the German and Danish media suggested that Grønkjær would leave Stuttgart in favour of Danish club F.C. Copenhagen.
F.C. Copenhagen 
He was presented as a new player for the defending Danish Superliga champions F.C. Copenhagen on 23 June 2006. Seen as an important player for F.C. Copenhagen's UEFA Champions League ambitions, Grønkjær helped the team qualify for the 2006–07 tournament, the first tournament participation in club history. He picked up a groin injury in a September 2006 Champions League match against Portuguese team S.L. Benfica. He was prognosed an eight to twelve week recovery, and returned in a November game against Esbjerg fB in the Danish Cup. On 6 December 2006, he scored the second Champions League goal of his career, against Scottish team Celtic in a match FCK won 3–1 at Parken Stadium. By the end of the season, Grønkjær had played 21 of 33 games, as Copenhagen retained the 2006–07 Danish Superliga championship. In November 2007, Grønkjær was named both Superliga Profile of the Year and Superliga Player of the Year.
During the closing games of the 2007–08 football season in May 2008, Grønkjær sustained a knee injury. The injury became infected by staphylococcus, and required three bouts of surgery. He did not recover until halfway through the 2008–09 football season, when he rejoined the Copenhagen team for a friendly match against Swedish team Malmö FF in January 2009. By the end of that season he had again earned a place in the starting line up, as Grønkjær helped Copenhagen win the Double of both 2008–09 Danish Superliga championship and the 2008–09 Danish Cup trophy. Grønkjær played the highest number of games in his Copenhagen career during the 2009–10 football season, as he helped the club win the 2009–10 Danish Superliga championship.
With two goals in 12 games, Grønkjær helped Copenhagen advance to the 2010–11 Champions League Round of 16, as the first Danish team to advance that far into the tournament. Copenhagen was eventually eliminated by Grønkjær's former team Chelsea FC. On 26 May 2011, with Copenhagen having already secured the 2010–11 Danish Superliga championship, Grønkjær announced that he would retire from professional football after the last league match of that Superliga season. "I'd like to be able to go jogging when I have played my last football game," he said. "I want a life without aches." He played his last game against his first professional club AaB, and scored the final goal in a 2–0 victory for F.C. Copenhagen.
International career 
While at Thisted FC, Grønkjær made his debut for the Danish youth national teams in October 1992. With three goals in six matches, as the Danish national youth team won silver medals at the 1994 UEFA European Under-16 Football Championship, Grønkjær showed himself one of the brightest talents in Danish football. He was named 1995 Danish Under-19 Player of the Year. In total, he scored 26 goals in 64 Danish youth team international games.
In his first year at Ajax, Grønkjær made his full international debut for the Denmark national team in the 2000 European Championship (Euro 2000) qualification game against Italy on 27 March 1999. In the very first minute of the game, he famously echoed Jesper Olsen's 1986 World Cup mistimed backpass to Spanish forward Emilio Butragueño, as Grønkjær passed the ball to Italian forward Filippo Inzaghi who promptly scored the first goal in Italy's 2–1 victory. Despite the disappointing debut game, Grønkjær became an important part of the national team under coach Bo Johansson and he played full-time in Denmark's three games at the Euro 2000 main tournament.
While at Chelsea, Grønkjær became a mainstay in the Denmark national team under new national team coach Morten Olsen, and he played in all of Denmark's four games at the 2002 World Cup. In the qualification games for Euro 2004, he scored the game-winning goal in a 1–0 victory over closest rivals Norway, helping Denmark qualify for the final tournament in Portugal. He missed the opening game of Euro 2004 due to the death of his mother, but went to Portugal to join the Danish squad and scored the second goal of the 2–0 win against Bulgaria.
He was included in Olsen's squad for the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa. After Denmark's elimination from the 2010 World Cup, Grønkjær announced his retirement from international football.
Career statistics 
Club statistics 
|Club performance||League||Cup||League Cup||Continental||Total|
|Denmark||League||Danish Cup||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|Netherlands||League||KNVB Cup||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|England||League||FA Cup||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|2004–05||Birmingham City||Premier League||16||0||0||0||2||1||0||0||18||1|
|Spain||League||Copa del Rey||Supercopa de España||Europe||Total|
|2004–05||Atlético Madrid||La Liga||16||0|
|Denmark||League||Danish Cup||League Cup||Europe||Total|
International goals 
- Scores and results list Denmark's goal tally first.
|1||25 April 2001||Copenhagen, Denmark||Slovenia||1–0||3–0||Friendly match|
|2||26 May 2002||Wakayama, Japan||Tunisia||1–0||2–1||Friendly match|
|3||7 June 2003||Copenhagen, Denmark||Norway||1–0||1–0||Euro 2004 qual.|
|4||20 August 2003||Copenhagen, Denmark||Finland||1–0||1–1||Friendly match|
|5||18 June 2004||Braga, Portugal||Bulgaria||2–0||2–0||Euro 2004|
- Danish Under-19 Player of the Year: 1995
- TIPS-bladet's Player of the Year: 2006–07
- TIPS-bladet's Autumn Profile: 2007
- Team of the Year: 2007
- Danish Superliga Profile of the Year: 2007
- Danish Superliga Player of the Year: 2007
- "Chelsea sign £7.8m Gronkjaer". The Independent. 31 October 2000. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- "Chelsea defeat brave Gills". BBC Sport. 28 January 2001. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- "A new era arrives". ESPNSoccernet. 13 August 2012.
- "Jesper Gronkjaer: The winger who scored Chelsea's £1bn goal". The Independent (London). 21 February 2011.
- Haylett, Trevor (6 April 2004). "Bridge breaks Arsenal's hearts". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- "Birmingham sign Gronkjaer". BBC Sport. 12 July 2004. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- "Bruce hails resurgent Gronkjaer". BBC. 3 November 2004. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- "Birmingham 3–1 Lincoln". BBC. 21 September 2004. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- "Gronkjaer ties up move to Madrid". BBC Sport. 21 December 2004. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- "Jesper Grønkjær spøger i FCK" (in Danish). Politiken. 27 May 2006. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- "FCK henter Jesper Grønkjær hjem" (in Danish). dr.dk. 23 June 2006. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- Møller, Jesper (15 September 2006). "Jesper Grønkjær ude i 8–12 uger" (in Danish). Danmarks Radio. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- Davidsen, Mads (12 November 2007). "Dobbeltgevinst til FCK" (in Danish). tipsbladet.dk. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- Hare, Hans-Henrik (26 May 2011). "Trist Grønkjær: Det er ikke fedt" (in Danish). Ekstra Bladet. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- Hansen, Jens Gjesse (26 January 2009). "Jesper Grønkjær klar til comeback" (in Danish). DR. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- "28.01. F.C. København - Malmö FF" (in Danish). FCK.dk. 28 January 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- "Sådan vil vi huske Jesper Grønkjær" (in Danish). DR. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- "Jesper Grønkjær stopper karrieren" (in Danish). FCK.dk. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- "Former Chelsea winger Jesper Gronkjaer set to retire". BBC Sport. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- Bruun, Peter (26 May 2011). "Grønkjær announces retirement plan". UEFA.com. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- Bech, Rasmus (28 March 1999). "Den aften, da Jesper Olsen blev glemt" (in Danis). Politiken.
- "Olsen names final Denmark squad". UEFA.com. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- Lauridsen, Søren (24 June 2010). "Grønkjær stopper på landsholdet" (in Danish). Ekstra Bladet. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- Danish national team statistics (Danish)
- Danish Superliga statistics (Danish)
- F.C. Copenhagen profile (Danish)
- Jesper Grønkjær at fussballdaten.de (German)
- Soccerbase profile