|Chief of Police
|Dallas Police Department|
|October 3, 1913 – June 22, 1980 (aged 66)|
|Place of birth||Hamilton, Texas, U.S.|
|Place of death||Dallas, Texas, U.S.|
|Resting place||Grove Hill Cemetery|
|Years of service||May 1, 1936 – 1966|
Jesse Edward Curry (October 3, 1913 – June 22, 1980) was an American police officer who was the chief of the Dallas Police Department from 1960 to 1966. Curry was chief at the time of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in downtown Dallas on November 22, 1963, and the murder of his assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, while in police custody two days later.
Born in Hamilton, Texas, Curry and his family moved to Dallas when he was a few months old. Curry's father served as a police officer in Dallas for a brief period of time before becoming a Baptist minister. Curry attended Dallas Technical High School. An all-district tackle, Curry led his high school football team to the state finals against Greenville High School in 1933. He studied optometry for a short time after graduation. During World War II, Curry served in the Civilian Pilot Training Program for eleven months.
Law enforcement career
Curry joined the Dallas Police Department as a traffic officer on May 1, 1936, and worked his way up the ranks to become the chief of police on January 20, 1960. Along the way Curry worked, as he put it to the Warren Commission, in "practically every assignment the police department has", and graduated from the Northwestern University Traffic Institute in 1945/6 and the FBI National Academy in 1951.
The assassination of John F. Kennedy
As Curry was to recount in his testimony with the Warren Commission and with the LBJ Presidential Library, he drove the lead car in the motorcade carrying President Kennedy and provided security for the new president, Lyndon B. Johnson, at Parkland Memorial Hospital where President Kennedy died, and aboard Air Force One when he was sworn in as president.
Two hours after President Kennedy was assassinated, Dallas Police arrested Lee Harvey Oswald in connection with the fatal shooting of Dallas Police officer J.D. Tippit. Oswald quickly became the prime suspect in President Kennedy's death and was charged with both crimes. Curry and the Dallas Police were initially praised for apprehending the alleged assassin so quickly but the praise ended the following day when Oswald was shot by nightclub owner Jack Ruby while he was being transferred from the basement of the Dallas Police station to the county jail. Curry had allowed journalists and camera men into the area to witness the transfer in an effort to quell rumors that Oswald was being mistreated while in police custody. Curry was criticized and sometimes blamed for compromising Oswald's safety and allowing him to be killed "in the basement of his [Curry's] own building."
A number of Curry's statements have been found significant by conspiracy theorists who believe they contradict the Commission's conclusion that Kennedy's alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone and was positioned above and behind Kennedy's limousine on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository. In 1969, The Dallas Morning News quoted him as stating:
"We don't have any proof that Oswald fired the rifle, and never did. Nobody's yet been able to put him in that building with a gun in his hand."
Curry reasoned in another interview:
"I think there’s a possibility that one [shot] could have come from in front [of the limousine]. We’ve never, we've never been able to prove that, but just in my mind and by the direction of his blood and brain from the president from one of the shots, it would just seem that it would have to been fired from the front rather than behind. I can't say that I could swear that I believe that it was one man and one man alone. I think there's a possibility there could have been another man."
After President Kennedy's assassination, Curry and his family received death and kidnapping threats and routinely received hate mail.
Curry was a member of the St. John's United Methodist Church in Dallas where he was also a choir member. Two weeks before his death, he was honored as being the oldest member of the congregation. Curry was also a Freemason.
Marriages and children
Curry was married twice. He and his first wife had a son, Gene (born 1937). They later divorced. Curry then married Bessie "Bea" Wilhelm with whom he had a daughter, Cathy. They remained married until Curry's death in 1980.
Later years and death
Curry retired from the Dallas Police Department in 1966 on the advice of his doctor due to health issues. In 1969, he wrote a book on the subject of JFK's assassination entitled, Retired Dallas Police Chief, Jesse Curry Reveals His Personal JFK Assassination File. After his retirement, he worked as director of security at the Texas Bank Building until 1976 when he was forced to step down after suffering two heart attacks. For the remainder of his life, Curry worked as a private investigator.
In his later years, Curry suffered from diabetes and, in 1978, survived a stroke. On June 22, 1980, Curry suffered a fatal heart attack in his sleep at his Dallas home. He was taken to Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas where he was pronounced dead. Curry was 66 years old. His funeral was held at the Ed C. Smith Funeral Chapel on June 25, after which he was buried at Grove Hill Cemetery in Dallas.
- Brown, Travis (June 23, 1980). "Jesse E. Curry, ex-police chief, dies after suffering heart attack". Dallas Times Herald (in English). pp. 1, 2. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
- Wilonsky, Robert (November 26, 1998). "Officer Down". Dallas Observer (Dallas, Texas). Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- Testimony of Chief Jesse E. Curry to the Warren Commission
- Ewell, James; DuBeau, Suzanne (June 24, 1980). "Former police chief Curry". The Dallas News. pp. 1D, 26D. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
- Gallo, Andrea (August 25, 2014). "For 50 years, ex-Dallas police chief’s daughter has kept a pair of Jacqueline Kennedy’s roses". dallasnews.com. The Dallas News. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
- "'Not Sure' on Oswald Author Curry Indicates". Dallas Morning News. November 6, 1969.
- British Broadcasting Corporation, “The Assassination of President Kennedy: What Do We Know Now That We Didn't Know Then?” (aired on U.S. TV in 1978), online at: http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/ngarchive/curry.mov
- New York State Library, Dallas, 11/22/63: 50 Years Later
- Biography on Spartacus Educational
- Video clip of Jesse Curry suggesting a conspiracy to kill JFK on YouTube
- Jesse Curry at the Internet Movie Database