Jesse Stuart

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Jesse Stuart
Born Jesse Hilton Stuart
(1907-08-08)August 8, 1907
Riverton, Kentucky, USA
Died February 17, 1984(1984-02-17) (aged 76)
Ironton, Ohio, USA
Occupation Author, educator
Alma mater Lincoln Memorial University Vanderbilt University
Notable work(s) Taps for Private Tussie
Notable award(s)

Guggenheim Award, 1937
Thomas Jefferson Memorial Award, 1943

Poet Laureate of Kentucky, 1954
Spouse(s) Naomi Deane Norris
Relative(s) Mitchell Stuart (father)
Martha Stuart (mother)

www.jsfbooks.com

Jesse Hilton Stuart (August 8, 1907 – February 17, 1984) was an American writer who is known for writing short stories, poetry, and novels about Southern Appalachia. Born and raised in Greenup County, Kentucky, Stuart relied heavily on the rural locale of northeastern Kentucky for his writings.[1] Stuart was named the poet laureate of Kentucky in 1954.[2]

Early life[edit]

Stuart was born near Riverton, Greenup County, Kentucky, to Mitchell and Martha (Hilton) Stuart on August 8, 1907.[3][4] In 1939, Stuart married Naomi Deane Norris, a school teacher; and they settled in W Hollow.[5]

Poetry[edit]

One day while Stuart was plowing in the field, he stopped and wrote the first line of a sonnet: "I am a farmer singing at the plow," the first line of the 703 sonnets he would collect in Man with a Bull-Tongue Plow (1934). The book was described by Irish poet George William Russell (who wrote poetry under the name of AE) as the greatest work of poetry to come out of America since Walt Whitman published Leaves of Grass. Stuart was made poet laureate of the state of Kentucky in 1954, and in 1961 he received the annual award from the American Academy of Poets.

Novels[edit]

Stuart's first novel was Trees of Heaven (1940). Set in rural Kentucky, the novel tells the story of Anse Bushman, who loves working the land and wants more land. Stuart's style is simple and sparse. Taps for Private Tussie (1943) is perhaps his most popular novel, selling more than a million copies in only two years. The novel also received critical claim and won the Thomas Jefferson Southern Award for the best Southern book of the year. In 1974, Gale Research (in American Fiction, 1900-1950) identified Jesse Stuart as one of the forty-four novelists in the first half of the 20th century with high critical acclaim. Jesse Stuart was the second youngest of that group (William Saroyan was one year younger).

Short stories[edit]

Stuart published about 460 short stories. He wrote his first short story "Nest Egg" when he was a sophomore in high school in 1923. The story is of a rooster at his farm, whose behavior was so dominant that it began attracting hens from other farms, leading to conflict with the neighbors. Twenty years later, he submitted the story unchanged to the Atlantic Monthly, which accepted the story and published it in February 1943; it was later collected in Tales from Plum Grove Hills.

One of his most anthologized stories is "Split Cherry Tree," first published in Esquire, January 1939. In this story, a high school teacher in a one-room schoolhouse keeps a boy after school to work and pay for damage he did to a cherry tree. The boy's uneducated father comes to school to argue with the teacher, but comes to appreciate the value of higher education.

Enduring classic autobiographical account of Stuart's life as a rural American educator[edit]

The theme of education appears often in Stuart's books. He described the role that teaching played in his life in The Thread that Runs So True (1949), though he changed the names of places and people. He first taught school in rural Kentucky at the age of 16 at Cane Creek Elementary School, which became Lonesome Valley in his book. The Thread that Runs So True (1949) has become a classic of American education. Ruel Foster noted in 1968 that the book had good sales in its first year. At the time, he wrote, sales for the book had gone up in each successive year, an astonishing feat for any book. The book has remained continuously in print for more than 50 years.

Education[edit]

After being denied admission at three colleges, Stuart was finally accepted at and attended Lincoln Memorial University, near Harrogate, Tennessee. After graduating he returned to the his home area and taught at Warnock High School in Greenup, Kentucky. Later he was appointed principal at McKell High School, but resigned after one year to attend graduate school at Vanderbilt University. He then served as superintendent of the Greenup County Schools before ending his career as an English teacher at Portsmouth (Ohio) High School.[6]

Death[edit]

He died at Jo-Lin nursing home in Ironton, Ohio, which is near his boyhood home.

Jesse Stuart State Nature Preserve[edit]

The natural settings of W Hollow were prominent throughout Stuart's writings. Prior to his death he donated 714 acres (2.89 km2) of woodlands in W Hollow to the Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission. The Jesse Stuart State Nature Preserve is dedicated to protecting the legacy of Stuart, and ensures that a significant portion of W Hollow will remain undeveloped in perpetuity. The trail system is open to the public from dawn to dusk all year long.[7][8]

Books by Jesse Stuart[edit]

Poetry[edit]

  • Man with a Bull-Tongue Plow, E.P. Dutton & co., 1934
  • Album of Destiny, E. P. Dutton & co., inc., 1944
  • Kentucky is My Land, Dutton, 1952
  • Hold April, McGraw-Hill, 1962

Autobiographical[edit]

Novels[edit]

For Young Readers[edit]

Short story collections[edit]

Books About Jesse Stuart[edit]

  • Jesse Stuart: His Life and Works, by Everetta Love Blair (University of South Carolina Press, 1967)
  • Jesse Stuart, by Ruel E. Foster (Twayne, 1968)
  • Jesse Stuart: An Extraordinary Life, by James M. Gifford and Erin R. Kazee (Jesse Stuart Foundation, 2010)
  • Jesse: The Biography of an American Writer, Jesse Hilton Stuart, by H. Edward Richardson (McGraw-Hill, 1984)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peyton, Dave (May 5, 1975). "Conversations with Jesse Stuart". The Huntington Advertiser. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  2. ^ "Guide to the Jesse Stuart Collection". Hutchins Library Appalachian Bibliography. Berea, Kentucky: Berea College. 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  3. ^ "Register of Jesse Stuart Papers". Huntington, West Virginia: Special Collections Department James E. Morrow Library Marshall University. 1986. Retrieved 22 December 2009. 
  4. ^ Ballard, Jamie (October 5, 1997). "Jesse Stuart". KYLIT. Eastern Kentucky University. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  5. ^ Wedemeyer, Dee (August 18, 1985). "Kentucky's Living Fiction". The New York Times (New York City: The New York Times Company). Retrieved 22 December 2009. 
  6. ^ "Author, Poet, Educator Jesse Stuart Dies". Portsmouth Daily Times. 1984-02-22. 
  7. ^ "Jesse Stuart SNP". Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission. Retrieved 28 November 2009. [dead link]
  8. ^ Brown, Michael H. (2007). "Jesse Stuart State Nature Preserve". Hiking Kentucky: A Guide to Kentucky's Greatest Hiking Adventures. Falcon Guide: Where to hike (2 ed.). Globe Pequot. pp. 32, 33, 34, 35. ISBN 0-7627-3650-X. Retrieved November 28, 2009. 

External links[edit]