Lange, cover of Town & Country, May 2009
|Born||Jessica Phyllis Lange
April 20, 1949
Cloquet, Minnesota, United States
|Education||Cloquet High School
University of Minnesota
|Occupation||Actress, photographer, producer, humanitarian|
|Spouse(s)||Francisco Grande (1970–81)|
|Partner(s)||Mikhail Baryshnikov (1976–82)
Sam Shepard (1982–2010)
|Children||Aleksandra Baryshnikov (1981)
Hannah Jane Shepard (1985)
Samuel Walker Shepard (1987)
|Awards||Jessica Lange awards|
|This article is part of a series on
Jessica Phyllis Lange (born April 20, 1949) is an American actress who has worked in film, theater, and television. The recipient of several awards including two Oscars, two Emmys, five Golden Globes, and one SAG Award, Lange is one of the most celebrated actors of the modern era.
Lange was discovered by producer Dino De Laurentiis while modeling part-time for the Wilhelmina modelling agency. She made her professional film debut in his 1976 remake of the 1933 action-adventure classic, King Kong. In 1982, she became the first performer in forty years to receive two Oscar nominations within the same year; she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as a soap opera star in Tootsie and was also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her portrayal of the troubled actress, Frances Farmer, in Frances. Lange received three more nominations, for Country (1984), Sweet Dreams (1985) and Music Box (1989), before being nominated a sixth time and winning the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance as a manic depressive housewife in Blue Sky (1994). She later won her first Primetime Emmy Award for her portrayal of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis' famed aunt, Big Edie, in HBO's Grey Gardens (2009) and won her first Screen Actors Guild Award, along with a second Primetime Emmy Award for her performance as a murderous neighbor in FX's anthology horror show American Horror Story (2011–2012).
In addition to acting, Lange is a photographer with two published works. She has also been a foster parent and currently holds a Goodwill Ambassador position for UNICEF, specializing in HIV/AIDS in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and in Russia.
Early years and education 
Lange was born in Cloquet, Minnesota, on April 20, 1949. Her father, Albert John Lange (1913–1989), was a teacher and traveling salesman, and her mother, Dorothy Florence (née Sahlman; 1913–1998), was a housewife. She has two older sisters, Ann and Jane, and a younger brother, George. Her paternal ancestry originates in Germany and the Netherlands, while her maternal ancestry originates in Finland.
Due to the nature of her father's professions and to his hard-drinking and "extreme personality," her early home life was chaotic. Her family moved over a dozen times to various towns and cities in Minnesota before settling back down in her hometown, where she graduated from Cloquet High School.
In 1967, she received an art scholarship to study art and photography at the University of Minnesota where she met and began dating Spanish photographer, Francisco Grande. After the two married in 1970, Lange left college to pursue a more bohemian lifestyle, opting to travel throughout the United States and Mexico in a pickup truck with Grande. The couple then moved to Paris, France, where they drifted apart. While in Paris, Lange studied mime theater under famed instructor, Étienne Decroux, and joined the Opéra-Comique as a dancer.
In 1973, she returned to the United States and began work in New York City as a waitress at the Lion's Head Tavern in Greenwich Village. While sharing an apartment with Jerry Hall and Grace Jones in Manhattan, she was discovered by fashion illustrator Antonio Lopez and subsequently became a model for the Wilhelmina modelling agency.
||This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
Lange made her professional film debut in 1976's King Kong. Despite being a box office success - it became the fifth highest-grossing movie of 1976 - the film and her performance were widely panned. However, renowned film critic Pauline Kael praised her, noting, "The movie is sparked by Jessica Lange's fast yet dreamy comic style. [She] has the high, wide forehead and clear-eyed transparency of Carole Lombard in My Man Godfrey, [and] one liners so dumb that the audience laughs and moans at the same time, yet they're in character, and when Lange says them she holds the eye and you like her, the way people liked Lombard." Lange went on to win the 1976 Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year. She would remain a favorite of Kael's, who would later comment, "She has a facial structure that the camera yearns for, and she has talent, too."
Lange began the new decade in the light romp How to Beat the High Co$t of Living (1980), co-starring Jane Curtin and Susan Saint James, but it received mostly negative reviews and quickly disappeared from theaters. A year later, she was contacted by director Bob Rafelson regarding a project he was working on with Jack Nicholson, who had recently auditioned Lange for Goin' South (1978). After several meetings and auditions, Rafelson offered Lange the lead role opposite Nicholson in his remake of the classic film noir, The Postman Always Rings Twice (1981). Although the controversial film received mixed reviews, Lange was widely praised for her performance.
It was while editing The Postman Always Rings Twice that Graeme Clifford realized he had found the leading lady for his next film - his first as a director; a biopic of the late actress, Frances Farmer, whose disillusionment with Hollywood and chaotic family background lead her down a tragic path. Filming Frances (1982), which co-starred Kim Stanley and Sam Shepard, was a grueling experience for Lange, who pored over the screenplay scene by scene, making deep and often taxing connections between her life and Farmer's in order to tap into the well of emotions the role required. By the end of the shoot, she was physically and mentally spent. It was due to this that she decided to take her co-star, Stanley's advice to star in "something light," which led her to accept a supporting role opposite Dustin Hoffman in Sydney Pollack's Tootsie (1982).
In 1982, Lange became the first performer in 40 years to receive two Academy Award nominations in the same year, scoring a nomination for her work in Frances and eventually winning the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her work in Tootsie, which not only became the second highest-grossing film of 1982, following Steven Spielberg's E.T., but which also scored an additional nine Oscar nominations, including one for Best Picture. Her performance in the film also earned her a Golden Globe, along with awards from the National Society of Film Critics, the New York Film Critics Circle, the Boston Society of Film Critics and the Kansas City Film Critics Circle. Lange also won Best Actress at the Moscow International Film Festival for her performance in Frances.
Lange next produced and starred, again opposite Shepard, in 1984's Country, a topical film depicting a family during the farm crisis. Her performance earned her Academy Award and Golden Globe nominations for Best Actress. That same year she made her television debut as Maggie the Cat, starring opposite Tommy Lee Jones in a CBS Playhouse production of Tennessee Williams's Cat on a Hot Tin Roof. The following year she testified before the United States Congress on behalf of the Democratic House Task Force on Agriculture, alongside Jane Fonda and Sissy Spacek, whom she later neighbored and befriended.
At the close of 1985, she would portray legendary country singer Patsy Cline in Karel Reisz's biopic, Sweet Dreams, opposite Ed Harris, Ann Wedgeworth and John Goodman. She was nominated a fourth time for an Oscar and came in second place for both the National Board of Review Award for Best Actress and the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress. In several interviews, Meryl Streep has stated that she "begged" Reisz, who directed her in 1981's The French Lieutenant's Woman, for the role of Cline but that his first choice had always been Lange. Streep has also been quite vocal and adamant in her praise for Lange's performance, calling her "beyond wonderful" in the film and stating, "I couldn't imagine doing it as well or even coming close to what Jessica did because she was so amazing in it."
Lange's films throughout the mid-to-late 1980s, which included Crimes of the Heart (1986), Far North (1988), and Everybody's All-American (1989), were mostly low profile and underperformed at the box office, though she was often singled out and praised for her work. In 1989, she starred in Costa-Gavras' Music Box, written by Joe Eszterhas. Lange played a Hungarian lawyer defending her father of Nazi war crimes. Her performance earned her a fifth Academy Award nomination and sixth Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress.
Lange continued making films throughout the 1990s, periodically taking time off to raise her children and also choosing theater- and television-based projects. She began the decade in Paul Brickman's warmly received Men Don't Leave (1990), for which she earned positive reviews and came in third place for the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress. She was then approached by Martin Scorsese and Robert De Niro, who had both auditioned her for the role of Jake LaMotta's wife in Raging Bull (1981), to star in a remake of Cape Fear (1991). The film became the twelfth highest-grossing film of the year. In 1992, Lange starred in a television adaptation of Willa Cather's O Pioneers!, receiving her seventh Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress. Her Broadway debut, which was met by mixed reviews, also occurred that same year when she portrayed Blanche DuBois in a production of Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire, opposite Alec Baldwin.
In 1994, Lange was lauded for her performance as a manic depressive army wife in the 1960s in Tony Richardson's final film, Blue Sky. She won the Academy Award for Best Actress, along with the Golden Globe, Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress and Sant Jordi de Cine Award for Best Actress. She would follow her victory with further critically lauded performances in 1995's Losing Isaiah, opposite Halle Berry, and Rob Roy, with Liam Neeson. That same year, Lange would reprise her role as Blanche DuBois in a CBS television adaptation of A Streetcar Named Desire, opposite Alec Baldwin, Diane Lane, and John Goodman. She received glowing reviews for her performance, which earned her a fourth Golden Globe and her first Primetime Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie.
In 1996, Lange made her London stage debut in another performance as Blanche DuBois, which received rave reviews. The following year she starred opposite Michelle Pfeiffer in a film adaptation of Jane Smiley's Pulitzer Prize winning novel, A Thousand Acres. Lange was nominated a ninth time for a Golden Globe and won the Venice Film Festival's Schermi d'Amore award for her performance in the film. In 1998, she starred opposite Elisabeth Shue in a film adaptation of Balzac's Cousin Bette, for which she would receive strong reviews. That same year Lange also starred opposite Gwyneth Paltrow in the semi cult classic, Hush, which generally received negative reviews. Roger Ebert, however, praised Lange's performance, commenting, "The film's most intriguing element is the performance by Jessica Lange, who by not going over the top provides Martha with a little pathos to leaven the psychopathology."
Lange received strong reviews for her performance in Titus, Julie Taymor's 1999 adaptation of William Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus, co-starring Anthony Hopkins and Alan Cumming. Film critic for Entertainment Weekly, Lisa Schwarzbaum, included Lange in a "for your consideration" article directed at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. She commented, "Jessica Lange already has two Oscars and six nominations to her credit, so her appearance near the words Academy Awards should never be a surprise. But everything about her daring performance in Titus as Tamora, the Queen of the Goths, is an astonishment. Donning breastplates, vowing vengeance, tearing into Shakespeare for the first time as if nothing could be more fun, Lange steals the show — and when the star of the show is Anthony Hopkins, that's grand theft."
Lange began the new millennium with a London stage production of Eugene O'Neill's, Long Day's Journey Into Night, playing the part of the heroin-addicted Mary Tyrone, for which she received positive reviews and an Olivier Award nomination.
She appeared mostly in supporting roles after, most notably opposite Christina Ricci in the 2001 adaptation of Elizabeth Wurtzel's best-selling memoir on depression, Prozac Nation. In 2003, Lange starred opposite Tom Wilkinson in HBO's Normal, a film about a man who reveals to his wife his decision to have a sex change. She followed this with performances in the Bob Dylan vehicle, Masked and Anonymous (2003), Tim Burton's Big Fish (2003), Jim Jarmusch's Broken Flowers (2005) and Wim Wenders' Don't Come Knocking (2005), before starring opposite Christian Slater and Sarah Paulson in a Broadway revival of Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie for which she received generally mixed reviews. She later starred with Tammy Blanchard in a remake of Sybil in 2007.
In 2009, Lange co-starred as Big Edie, opposite Drew Barrymore, in HBO's Grey Gardens, directed by Michael Sucsy and based on the 1975 documentary of the same name. The film was a huge success, garnering seventeen Primetime Emmy Award nominations and winning five. Lange won her first Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie after two previous nominations in the same category. She also received her eleventh Golden Globe Award nomination and second Screen Actors Guild Award nomination for her performance, losing both awards to Barrymore.
In 2011, Lange joined the cast of FX's horror anthology series American Horror Story. Series co-creators Ryan Murphy and Brad Falchuk originally wrote the part of Constance Langdon as a supporting character, but after Lange acquired the role they expanded it considerably. Murphy, a long-time admirer of Lange, stated that he chose her because he wanted to expose her work to a new generation of viewers. He also singled out her performance as Blanche DuBois on Broadway in 1992, which he saw twice, as his favorite performance, citing it as another motivating factor in hiring Lange. The show was a huge success not only for the network and creators, but also for Lange, who experienced a resurgence in her popularity, receiving rave reviews and several awards for her controversial role.
She was chosen by TV Guide, Entertainment Weekly, and MTV for giving one of the "best performances of 2011". In addition, she won a second Primetime Emmy Award, a fifth Golden Globe Award, and her first Screen Actors Guild Award, after two previous nominations. She was also awarded a Special Achievement Satellite Award for Outstanding Performance in a Television Series by the International Press Academy and the Dorian Award for Best TV Performance of the Year by the Gay and Lesbian Entertainment Critics Association (GALECA). She was further nominated for the TCA Award for Individual Achievement in Drama, Critics' Choice Television Award, and Saturn Award.
2012 proved to be another successful year for Lange, who not only had a supporting role in her Grey Gardens director, Michael Suscy's box-office hit The Vow, opposite Channing Tatum and Rachel McAdams, but also returned to star as the lead in the second installment of American Horror Story, titled American Horror Story: Asylum. With ratings up from the series' freshman year, the second season was a bigger hit for the network and creators, and just as rewarding for Lange, who was once again praised by critics and nominated for several awards.
Once again, she was chosen by TV Guide and Entertainment Weekly for giving one of the "best performances of 2012". She won a second Dorian Award for TV Performance of the Year by the GALECA, her thirteenth nomination for the Golden Globe Award, a fourth nomination for the Screen Actors Guild Award, and is currently pending for her second nomination for the Saturn Award.
In addition, Lange replaced Glenn Close in a film adaptation of Émile Zola's Thérèse Raquin, titled Thérèse, which also stars Elizabeth Olsen, Tom Felton, Oscar Isaac, and Matt Lucas. It is set for a release in June 2013.
Personal life 
Lange was married to photographer Francisco "Paco" Grande from 1970 to 1981. Though they separated not long after moving to Europe during the mid-1970s, they did not divorce until the early 1980s after which Lange paid him an undisclosed sum in alimony. From 1976 to 1982, she was partnered with renowned Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov, with whom she had her first child, Aleksandra Baryshnikov (born 1981). During that time, she was also sporadically linked with Bob Fosse. The two would remain friends up until his death. In 1982, she met and entered a relationship with playwright Sam Shepard. They had two children, Hannah Jane (born 1985) and Samuel Walker (born 1987), and would live together in Virginia, New Mexico, Minnesota, and eventually New York City, before separating in 2009.
Though she does not follow any set religion, she periodically practices Buddhism. She once admitted, "It's been a discipline that makes sense more than anything because it's like a science. I've never been a religious person. I've always looked for some kind of spiritual meaning. I didn't grow up going to church. My mother's family were atheists and my father's side was confused."
Lange has also revealed that she suffers from severe bouts of depression, once admitting, "I have never been a believer in psychoanalysis or therapy or anything like that. I've never done that." She confessed, "Though my dark side is dormant right now, it continues to play a big role in whatever capacity I have to be creative. That's the well I'm able to tap into, where all the anguish, rage and sadness are stored."
In 2008, Lange published her own collection of black-and-white pictures entitled 50 Photographs (powerHouse Books) with a special introduction by Patti Smith. An exhibition of her work, along with a series of her films, was presented at the oldest international museum of photography and film, the George Eastman House, after which Lange was presented with the first George Eastman House Honors Award in 2009. In 2010, she published a second collection of photographs, En México. In February 2013, her exhibition entitled Jessica Lange: unseen will open at the Museum of Photographic Arts in San Diego, a nationally known center for visual literacy.
Humanitarian work and political views 
Lange is a Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), specializing in the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and in spreading awareness of the disease in Russia.
She has also been a public critic of former U.S. President George W. Bush, once calling his administration, "a self-serving regime of deceit, hypocrisy and belligerence," and has been a fervent human rights supporter of the Buddhist monks in Nepal.
Awards and honors 
In total, Lange has received six Academy Award nominations, winning two Oscars, fourteen Golden Globe nominations, winning five, four Emmy nominations, winning two, four Screen Actors Guild Award nominations, winning one, four Satellite Award nominations, winning one, one British Academy Film Award nomination, and one Laurence Olivier Award nomination, among several other prestigious awards and nominations. Her work has also earned her the National Society of Film Critics award, the New York Film Critics Circle award, the Los Angeles Film Critics Association award, the Boston Society of Film Critics award, the Chicago Film Critics Association award, the Kansas City Film Critics Circle award, the Moscow International Film Festival award, the Taormina Film Festival award, and the Donostia Award from the San Sebastián International Film Festival, among several other critics' circle and festival awards. Lange has also been awarded a prestigious "Gala Tribute" from the Film Society of Lincoln Center, a Theater World Award, and a Crystal Award, among other specialized awards and tributes.
Selected filmography 
- Lange, Jessica; Smith, Patti (2008). "50 Photographs" (Hardcover). powerHouse Books (in English) (1st ed.) (Brooklyn, New York, USA: powerHouse Books, published 2008-11-18). p. 112. ISBN 978-1-57687-453-0. OCLC 227032407. Retrieved 2012-09-02.
- Lange, Jessica; Trujillo, Julio (2010). "En México" (Hardcover). RM Verlag SL (in Spanish, English) (1st ed.) (Barcelona, Mexico/Spain/USA: RM Verlag S.L.). p. 96. ISBN 978-6-07751-567-8. OCLC 690103514. Retrieved 2012-09-02.
Further reading 
- Jeffries, J. T. (1986). Jessica Lange: A Biography. New York City, United States: St. Martin's Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-312-44200-2.
- Shewey, Don (1997). "Sam Shepard". Da Capo Press (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Da Capo Press). p. 269. ISBN 978-0-306-80770-1.
- "Jessica Lange — Overview > Biography/Filmography > Awards". AllMovie. AllRovi. allmovie.com. Retrieved 2012-07-05.
- "Jessica Lange — Biography > Highest Rated Movies > Filmograhy". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved 2012-07-05.
- "The 25 Greatest Actresses of the 90's". Entertainment Weekly (460). 1998-27-11. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- "Jessica Lange Biography". A+E Networks. 2013-3-27. biography.com. Retrieved 2013-3-27.
- Flynn, Dan (2005). "Famous Minnesotans: Past and Present". Nodin Press. p. 137. Retrieved 2012-09-03. "(see p.14)" Unknown parameter
- Larocca, Amy (2008-11-16). "Shooting Star: The Debut Of Jessica Lange, Photographer". New York. New York Media Holdings. nymaq.com. Retrieved 2011-05-11.
-  at independent.co.uk
- "Jessica Lange". UNICEF. UNICEF. 2008-11-16. unicef.org. Retrieved 2011-05-11.
- Lange "Jessica Lange Visits Russia". UNICEF. UNICEF. 2008-11-16. unicef.org. Retrieved 2011-05-11.
- Jessica Lange Biography (1949–) at FilmReference.com
- Jessica Lange at IMDb.com
- Jessica Lange genealogy. Rootsweb.com.
- Brennan, Patricia. Jessica Lange as Willa Cather's Prairie Heroine, Washington Post, 2 February 1992. "I'm half Finnish and half Dutch and German."
- Lyke, M. L. "The Yin and Yang of Jessica Lange Actress Often Defies Her Glamorous Image", Seattle Post-Intelligencer, 16 January 1990.[dead link]
-  at latimes.com
-  at New York Times
-  at newyorker.com
-  The New Yorker, December 27, 1982
-  at tcm.com
-  The Making of "Frances"
- Kilian, Michael (1985-05-10). "Jessica Lange – Testimony". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
-  at Calgary Herald, January 4, 1986
-  at Philadelphia Inquirer, January 12, 1986 - F02 Featurs, Arts & Entertainment
- Wolf Schneider (June 10, 2004). "Meryl Streep pauses to take stock of a varied career". U-T San Diego. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Meryl Streep: "I'm not always happy"". The Talks. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Interview with "Doubt" star, Meryl Streep". ReelzChannel. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- Wolf Schneider (June 10, 2004). "Meryl Streep, actress". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
-  at boston.com
- ""Hush" film review". Chicago Sun Times. March 6, 1998. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Oscars 2000: Best Supporting Actress". Entertainment Weekly. January 14, 2000. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- Jessica Lange Back in Black for 'Horror Story', Oct. 17, 2012 npr.com
- Denise Martin (September 29, 2011). "6 Things That Inspired "American Horror Story"". TV Guide. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- Best & Worst of 2011 Issue, Dec. 23, 2011 ew.com
- Best TV Characters of 2011 MTV.com
- Best Performances of 2011 TVGuide.com
- Entertainment Weekly, Best & Worst of 2012 issue, Dec. 28, 2012 ew.com
- [TV Guide, Cheers & Jeers - 2012's Best & Worst in TV issue, Dec. 24, 2012] tvguide.com
- "Coming soon/June releases > Thérèse". Movies1. Movies1. movies1.tv. Retrieved 2013-03-24.
- ''Parade: In Step With...Jessica Lange''. Parade.com (1949-04-20). Retrieved on 2011-12-22.
- Jessica Lange at tcm.com
- Rep: Jessica Lange and Sam Shepard Have Separated. UsMagazine.com. Retrieved on 2011-12-22.
- Sam Shepard Bio Sam Shepard web site
- Jessica Lange Rears Baryshnikov's Babe—lovingly at people.com
- Lange and Shepard Separate at latimesblogs.latimes.com.com
-  US Magazine, 1995
- "Jessica Lange and Patti Smith Team Up". 50 Photographs. The Observer. 2009-07-15. Retrieved 2011-05-11.
- "Jessica Lange At Eastman House July 25". George Eastman House. Rochester, New York: GEH. 2009-07-15. eastmanhouse.org. Retrieved 2011-05-11.
- "In Mexico. Jessica Lange" review at Editorial RM
- "See > Upcoming Exhibitions > Jessica Lange: unseen ". Museum of Photographic Arts. San Diego, California, US: MOPA. February 9 - May 19, 2013. mopa.org. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- White House: Kerry Should Apologize for Filthy Fund-Raiser. Newsmax.com. July 9, 2004.
- For Jessica Lange awards and/or nominations received for her performances either in motion pictures or television films, use IMDb link.
- For Jessica Lange awards and/or nominations received for her performances in theater, use IBDB link.
- Harnick, Chris (2012-11-15). "American Horror Story Renewed: FX Orders Season 3 with Jessica Lange". The Huffington Post. AOL. huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- De Moraes, Lisa (2012-11-15). "FX Picks Up Third Season of American Horror Story". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Jessica Lange|
- Jessica Lange at AllRovi
- Jessica Lange at the Internet Movie Database
- Jessica Lange at the Internet Broadway Database
- Jessica Lange at the TCM Movie Database