Jessica McClure

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Jessica McClure Morales
Born Jessica McClure
(1986-03-26) March 26, 1986 (age 28)
Midland, Texas, U.S.
Known for Falling into a well at 18 months old

Jessica McClure Morales (born March 26, 1986) became famous at the age of 18 months after falling into a well in her aunt's backyard in Midland, Texas, on October 14, 1987. Between that day and October 16, rescuers worked for 58 hours to free her from the eight-inch (20 cm) well casing 22 feet (6.7 m) below the ground. The story gained worldwide attention (leading to some criticism as a media circus), and later became the subject of a 1989 television movie Everybody's Baby: The Rescue of Jessica McClure on ABC. As presented in it, a vital part of the rescue was the use of the then relatively new technology of waterjet cutting.

Media impact[edit]

CNN, then a fledgling cable news outlet, was on the scene with around-the-clock coverage of the rescue effort. This massive media saturation of the ordeal prompted then-President Ronald Reagan to state that "everybody in America became godmothers and godfathers of Jessica while this was going on."

From the beginning, and throughout the incident, the switchboard for a local media outlet, KMID-TV, was flooded with telephone calls from news organizations and private individuals around the world, seeking the latest information on rescue efforts—and in some cases, sharing their own insight into this and similar incidents.

In 1988, Jessica and her family appeared on Live with Regis and Kathie Lee to talk about the incident.

Ron Short, a muscular roofing contractor who was born without collar bones because of cleidocranial dysostosis and so could collapse his shoulders to work in cramped corners, arrived at the site and offered to go down the shaft; they accepted his offer, but did not use it.[1][2]

The photograph of Jessica being rescued fetched the 1988 Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography to Scott Shaw of the Odessa American.[3]

ABC made a television movie of the story in 1989, Everybody's Baby: The Rescue of Jessica McClure, starring Patty Duke and Beau Bridges. It featured many participants in the actual rescue and its coverage as extras.

On May 30, 2007, USA Today ranked Jessica number 22 on its list of "25 lives of indelible impact."[4]

In 2010, blues musician Charlie Musselwhite released an album titled "The Well". In the title song he credits Jessica's ordeal for inspiring him to quit drinking, stating,

She was trapped in there with a broken arm in the dark, in a life-and-death situation she was singing nursery rhymes to herself and being brave...It made my problems seem tiny. So as a prayer to her and myself, I decided I wasn't going to drink till she got out of that well. It was like I was tricking myself, telling myself that I wasn't going to quit for good, just until she got out. It took three days to get her out, and I haven't had a drink since.[5]

After the incident[edit]

George H. W. Bush holds Jessica in the White House.

Following Jessica's rescue on October 16, 1987, surgeons had to amputate a toe due to gangrene from loss of circulation while in the well. She also has a scar on her forehead where her head rubbed against the well casing. She has had 15 surgeries over the years, and has no first-hand memory of the event.[6] She graduated from Greenwood High School, in a small community near Midland, in May 2004.

On January 28, 2006, Jessica married Daniel Morales at a Church of Christ in a small rural community outside of Midland. They met at a day care center where his sister worked with her.[7] They have two children: Simon and Sheyenne.

On March 26, 2011, when Jessica turned 25, she received a trust fund of donations worth up to $800,000. Her father said she had discussed setting up a trust fund for the college education of her children. It had earlier helped in the purchase of her present home, which is less than two miles (3.2 km) from the site of the 1987 incident.[6]

Drilling company Robinson Rathole was responsible for drilling a shaft parallel to the well. They decided to donate their equipment without charge, since the event would gain media attention whether or not Jessica survived the incident. Therefore bringing more attention to their business.

In popular culture[edit]

  • Lucie Brock-Broido's long narrative poem "Jessica from the Well" tells the story from Jessica's point of view, describing her as having a basic understanding of the physical and mythic elements of her situation. It has been reprinted numerous times.[8]
  • In 1992's episode "Radio Bart", The Simpsons parodied the media storm that surrounded the incident, including a tribute song "We're Sending Our Love Down The Well".
  • In the video of Michael Jackson's song "Man in the Mirror" (released January 1988) from 03:42 on 12 seconds are showing the rescue.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kennedy, J. Michael (October 17, 1987). "Jessica Makes It to Safety—After 58 1/2 Hours". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  2. ^ Scott, Ronald W. (November 1988). "Cleidocranial Dysplasia: An Enigma Among Anomalies" (PDF). The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 10 (5): 184–8. ISSN 0190-6011. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  3. ^ Staff. "1988 Winners and Finalists". The Pulitzer Prizes. Columbia University. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  4. ^ Koch, Wendy (May 29, 2007). "Lives of Indelible Impact". USA Today. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  5. ^ Kot, Greg (September 28, 2010). "How 'Baby Jessica' Saved Blues Great Charlie Musselwhite". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Blaney, Betsy (March 25, 2011). "Baby Jessica turns 25, gains access to trust fund". Xfinity News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on March 26, 2011. Retrieved March 25, 2011. 
  7. ^ Celizic, Mike (November 6, 2007). "Baby Jessica 20 Years Later". MSNBC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  8. ^ Brock-Broido, Lucie (1988). "Jessica, from the Well". A Hunger. New York: Knopf. ISBN 9780394563374. 
  9. ^ Jackson, Michael (September 30, 2007). "Music-video "Man in the Mirror"". DAILYMOTION. Retrieved December 14, 2014. 

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