Jessie Scouts

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Jessie Scouts were irregular soldiers during the American Civil War on the side of the Union who operated in territory of the Confederate States of America in the southern United States in insurgency missions.[1][2] The unit was created by John C. Frémont and named in honour of his wife, rather than of a Colonel Jessie, who was himself a myth.[3] The initial Jessie Scout unit was formed in St. Louis, Missouri early in the war as the plan to develop independent scouts was implemented. The first man to command the scouts was Charles C. Carpenter.[4][5] The Jessie Scouts wore Confederate uniforms with a white handkerchief over their shoulders to signify their allegiance to friendly troops, and number around 58 for much of the war, commanded by Major Henry Young.[6]


  1. ^ "The Jessie Scouts - Homepage". Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  2. ^ Bakeless, p. 314-315.
  3. ^ Bakeless, p. 212.
  4. ^ David L. Phillips: The Jessie Scouts,, 1997, accessed 9 Dec 2011.
  5. ^ Frank Moore: Exploits of Capt. Carpenter of "The Jessie Scouts", in: The Civil War in Song and Story, 1860-1865, New York: P. F. Collier, Publisher, 1889, pp. 45-47, accessed at, 9 Dec 2011.
  6. ^ John Bakeless: Spies of the Confederacy, Mineola, N.Y.: Courier Dover Publications, 1997, p. 315.

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