|Counties|| Anne Arundel
|• Total||5.3 sq mi (13.6 km2)|
|• Land||5.3 sq mi (13.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||217 ft (66 m)|
|• Density||1,358/sq mi (524.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||240, 301, 410, 443|
|GNIS feature ID||0590560|
Jessup (pronounced JESS-up) is an unincorporated town and census-designated place in Howard County, Maryland and Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States. The population was 7,137 at the 2010 census. The center of population of Maryland is located in Jessup.
Jessup was the location of the Maryland House of Correction, which was one of the Maryland Department of Corrections prison complexes until it closed in 2007. The prison is referred to several times in the NBC television series Homicide: Life on the Street and the HBO original series, The Wire. Even though the maximum security prison is now closed, the town still houses a major minimum security prison, Brockbridge Correctional Facility, for violent offenders who are not deemed a threat to society due to the nature of their crimes. Due to its geographically central location in the state, Jessup is also home to the very large Maryland Food Center, which includes the Maryland Produce Market and the Maryland Seafood Market. The Jessup stop on Camden Line of the MARC Train system provides commuter rail service.
Jessup is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.3 square miles (13.6 km2), all of it land. As of the 2010 census, the center of population for the state of Maryland is located on the grounds of the Clifton T. Perkins Hospital Center in Jessup.(39.138374, -76.774929).
Jessup is located near the site of the historic Spurrier's Tavern, a farm and tavern located on the post road between Baltimore and Washington.
The location of the town was named Pierceland on early maps, but the post-civil war name more commonly given was Jessup's Cut, or Jessop's Cut, a post village in Howard County on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The name is generally attributed to Jonathan Jessup, a civil engineer who worked on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The name was shortened in 1863. Into the mid 20th century, the town was called "Jessups", then was shortened to "Jessup".
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,865 people, 379 households, and 280 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,858.0 people per square mile (717.9/km2). There were 398 housing units at an average density of 94.0/sq mi (36.3/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 67.73% African American, 31.28% White, 1.03% Hispanic or Latino, 0.33% Asian, 0.27% from other races, 0.22% from two or more races, 0.15% Native American, and 0.03% Pacific Islander.
There were 379 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 3.2% under the age of 18, 15.9% from 18 to 24, 62.5% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 2.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 499.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 539.7 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $48,000, and the median income for a family was $55,139. Males had a median income of $26,003 versus $24,950 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,052. About 5.0% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Mid-Atlantic Region Office in Jessup and in Anne Arundel County. The Clifton T. Perkins Hospital Center, built in 1960, is a Maryland State-run maximum security hospital for criminals that are not guilty by reasons of insanity.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jessup CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000". U.S. Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2008-06-26.
- Helderman, Rosalind S. "In Surprise Move, Md. Closes Jessup Prison, Transfers Inmates." The Washington Post. Monday March 19, 2007. Retrieved on January 1, 2010.
- "Brockbridge Correctional Facility". Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Maryland Food Center Authority". Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Center of Population – 2010 Census". Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "State Centers of Population 1880–2010: Maryland". Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Barbara W Feaga. Howard's Roads to the Past. p. 66.
- "History of Jessup". Jessup Improvement Association. Retrieved 2008-06-25.]
- Helderman, Rosalind M. (2007-03-19). "In Surprise Move, Md. Closes Jessup Prison, Transfers Inmates". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
- "Correctional Facility Locator". Maryland Department of Public Safety & Correctional Services. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Mid-Atlantic Region Office." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on January 1, 2010.
- "Jessup CDP, Maryland." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 1, 2010.
- Earl Arnett, Robert J. Brugger, Edward C. Papenfuse (March 22, 1999). Maryland: A New Guide to the Old Line State (2nd ed.). John Hopkins University Press. p. 388. ISBN 978-0801859809.