Jesuit cardinal

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Jesuit priests at the time of their solemn and final profession in the Society of Jesus promise: I will never strive or ambition, not even indirectly, to be chosen or promoted to any prelacy or dignity in or outside the Society; and I will do my best never to consent to my election unless I am forced to do so by obedience to him who can order me under penalty of sin (Constitutions S.J., Part X, N°6 [817]).

Yet because of various reasons and in different circumstances—for example, need of a bishop in an area where the Church has still to be developed, recognition of a theologian's outstanding contribution to theological reflection, etc.—several Jesuits have been made bishops or even cardinals. In such cases they remain only nominally Jesuit, as they lose active and passive voice within the Order and are no longer under the obedience of the Superior General. In 2013 the first Jesuit Pope was elected, Pope Francis.

The following is a complete list of contemporary living Jesuit cardinals.[1] Since all of them are above 80 years of age, none is therefore eligible as a papal elector.

Template-Cardinal.svg Current Jesuit Cardinals Date of Birth
Current Age
Elevated to Cardinal Order
Ján Chryzostom Cardinal Korec, S. J.
Slovakia Bishop Emeritus of Nitra
January 22, 1924
91 years,103 days
June 28, 1991
Pope John Paul II
Cardinal-Priest
Julius Riyadi Cardinal Darmaatmadja, S. J.
Indonesia Archbishop Emeritus of Jakarta
December 20, 1934
80 years, 136 days
November 26, 1994
Pope John Paul II
Cardinal-Priest
Albert Cardinal Vanhoye, S. J.
France priest
July 23, 1923
91 years, 286 days
March 24, 2006
Pope Benedict XVI
Cardinal-Deacon

+ All current Jesuit Cardinals are over 80 years of age and hence unable to participate in conclaves.
+ The last Jesuit Cardinal to die was Roberto Cardinal Tucci, S. J., who died on April 14, 2015.

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