Jesus College, Cambridge

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Colleges of the University of Cambridge

Jesus College

The College gatehouse
     
     
Full name The College of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist and the glorious Virgin Saint Radegund, within the City and University of Cambridge[1]
Founder John Alcock
Named after Jesus Chapel
Established 1496
Master Ian White
Undergraduates 489
Graduates 270
Sister college Jesus College, Oxford
Location Jesus Lane (map)
Jesus College heraldic shield
Facias prosperum iter
(Latin, "Good going to thee")
College website
Student Union website
MCR website
Boat Club website

Jesus College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. The College's full name is "The College of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist and the glorious Virgin Saint Radegund, near Cambridge". Its common name comes from the name of its Chapel, Jesus Chapel.

The college was established between 1496 and 1516, on the site of the twelfth-century Benedictine nunnery of St Mary and St Radegund by John Alcock, then Bishop of Ely. The cockerel is a symbol of Jesus College, after the surname of its founder, Alcock.

The College is also known for its grounds, which are unlike those of Cambridge’s other old colleges, being much more spacious. Set back from Jesus Lane, all the courts are open on at least one side (with the exception of the Cloister). The main entrance to the College is a walled passage, called the "Chimney" (derived from the French word chemin).

Ian White, van Eck Professor of Engineering in the University, has been Master of Jesus since 2011. He was preceded by Robert Mair.

Jesus College has assets of approximately £243m[2] making it Cambridge’s third wealthiest college and one of the richest per head.

History[edit]

Founded at the beginning of the 12th century, the Chapel is the oldest university building in Cambridge still in use.

When founded in 1496, the College consisted of buildings taken over from the Nunnery of St Mary and St Radegund: namely the Chapel, and the Cloister attached to it; the nuns’ refectory, which became the college hall; and the former lodging of the prioress, which became the Master’s Lodge. This set of buildings remains the core of the College to this day, and this accounts for its distinctly monastic and non-collegiate character, which sets it apart from other Cambridge colleges. A library was soon added, and the Chapel was considerably modified and reduced in scale by Alcock.

The 500th anniversary of the College’s foundation in 1996 saw the completion of the new Quincentenary Library, designed by Eldred Evans and David Shalev, which was shortly followed by a new accommodation building.

Jesus College is one of the few colleges to allow anyone to walk on the lawns of its courts, with the exception of First Court, Cloister Court and those that are burial sites for deceased nuns from the original nunnery. However, in common with other Cambridge colleges, this privilege is only extended during the summer term.

College Grace[edit]

The following Latin grace is recited before formal dinners at Jesus College (Oratio Ante Cibum):

Oculi omnium in te aspiciunt et in te sperant, Deus. Tu das illis escam tempore opportuno. Aperis tu manus, et imples omne animal benedictione tua. Benedic nobis, Domine, et omnibus tuis donis, quae ex larga liberalitate tua sumpturi sumus, per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Deus est caritas. Qui manet in caritate manet in Deo et Deus in illo. Sit Deus in nobis, et nos maneamus in illo.

The Cloister in the College grounds

Translated into English, the Oratio Ante Cibum reads as follows:

The eyes of all look towards you and trust in you, O God. You give them food in due season. You open your hands and fill every living thing with your blessing. Bless us, O Lord, and all your gifts, which through your great generosity we are about to receive, through Jesus Christ our Lord. God is love. He who abides in love abides in God and God in him. May God be in us and may we abide in him.

The following Oratio Post Cibum is sometimes read after dinner:

Deus pacis et dilectionis semper maneat nobiscum; tu autem, Domine, miserere nostrum. Agimus tibi gratias pro omnibus tuis beneficiis, qui vivis et regnas, Deus, per omnia saecula saeculorum. Deus conservet Ecclesiam, Reginam, regnum, senatum, et pacem.

Translated into English, the Orato Post Cibum reads as follows:

May the God of peace and love always abide with us; have mercy upon us, O Lord. We thank you for all your mercies, who live and reign, God, for ever and ever. May God preserve the Church, the Queen, the realm, Parliament and peace.

However after a normal formal dinner in Hall the following short responsory is usually used:

The Presiding Fellow: Laus Deo (Praise be to God)
The College: Deo Gratias (Thanks be to God)

Buildings and grounds[edit]

First Court

The 500th anniversary of the College’s foundation in 1996 saw the completion of the new Quincentenary Library, designed by Eldred Evans and David Shalev, which was shortly followed by a new accommodation building, completed in 2000.[3]

Chapel[edit]

Anthony Caro's ‘Babylon’ (1997/2001), with Jesus Chapel in the background

Although Jesus College was not founded until 1496, the Chapel and other buildings date from the 12th and 13th centuries. Originally it was the Benedictine Convent of St Mary and St Radegund, which was dissolved by John Alcock, Bishop of Ely. The Chapel is believed to be the oldest university building in Cambridge still in use.

The Chapel was founded in 1157 and took until 1245 to complete. The original structure was cruciform in shape, and the nave had both north and south aisles. A high, pitched roof was surmounted by a belfry and steeple; this collapsed in 1277. The Chapel was also used as the parish church of St Radegund. Twice the Chapel was ravaged by fire, 1313 and 1376.

When the College took over the precincts, the parish was renamed after the College as Jesus parish, with the churchyard still being used for burials. This however, was short lived, as by the middle of the 16th century Jesus parish was absorbed into that of All Saints.

Chapel Court
A view of Chapel Court

The Chapel was much modified, with the western two thirds of the nave being converted into college rooms.

The College maintains two choirs. Mark Williams, former assistant organist at St Paul's Cathedral has been the Director of Music since September 2009,[4] following the departure of Daniel Hyde to Magdalen College, Oxford, himself replacing Bill Ives.[5]

  • Jesus College Choir consists of male and female students and sings regular services twice a week in the Chapel. One of the leading choirs in Cambridge, its singers are mainly drawn from the College's own students, but also includes singers from a number of other colleges.
  • Jesus College Chapel Choir consists of around 20 choristers combined with the gentlemen of the College Choir, and also sings services twice a week in the Chapel. It is unique among Cambridge college choirs in that the choristers are volunteers: that is, they are drawn from schools around the city, and do not attend a particular choir school.

Malcolm Archer, who is today (2012) Organist and Director of Chapel Music, Winchester College, was Organ scholar at Jesus College in the years from 1972 to 1975.

Misericords[edit]

The misericords were created by Pugin between 1849 and 1853, and used fragments of the misericords dating from 1500, which had been preserved in the Master's Lodge as templates, from then on.

Notable alumni[edit]

Thomas Cranmer, the first Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury, responsible for the Book of Common Prayer, attended the College from 1503, at the age of fourteen.
Robert Malthus, British scholar, philosopher, economist and population theorist was admitted to the College in 1784, and elected a Fellow in 1793.
The English poet and Romantic, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, attended the College from 1791 to 1794
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, the fourth and youngest child of Queen Elizabeth II and (as of 2011) seventh in line to the throne

Jack Patterson, Grace Chatto and Milan Neil Amin-Smith of the British electronic group Clean Bandit all studied at Jesus as undergraduates, coming together to form the band in 2009.

Thomas Cranmer 1489 1556 Archbishop of Canterbury
John Bale 1495 1563 Bishop of Ossory
Thomas Goodrich 1494 1554 Bishop of Ely
Arthur Golding 1535/6 1606 Protestant propagandist
Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke 1554 1628 Elizabethan poet, playwright, statesman and biographer of Sir Philip Sidney
Thomas Beard 1632 English clergyman, theologian, Puritan and schoolmaster of Oliver Cromwell.
Francis Higginson 1588 1630 Early Puritan minister in Colonial New England, and first minister of Salem, Massachusetts.
Richard Sterne 1596 1683 Archbishop of York, Master of Jesus College (1634)
John Eliot 1604 1690 Puritan missionary who translated the Bible into Algonquian.
Sir Richard Fanshawe, 1st Baronet 1608 1666 English diplomat, translator and poet.
John Strype 1643 1737 English clergyman, historian and biographer
William Beale 1784 1854 Master of Jesus College (1632)
John Flamsteed 1646 1719 First Astronomer Royal
Thomas Herring 1693 1757 Archbishop of Canterbury
Matthew Hutton 1693 1758 Archbishop of Canterbury
John Jortin 1698 1770 Ecclesiastical historian
David Hartley 1705 1757 Philosopher
Laurence Sterne 1713 1768 Novelist
Henry Venn 1725 1797 A leader of the Evangelical movement in the Church of England
Gilbert Wakefield 1756 1801 Principal of two nonconformist academies
Robert Malthus 1766 1834 Population theorist
William Otter 1768 1840 First Principal of King's College London
Samuel Taylor Coleridge 1772 1834 Poet, critic and philosopher
David Barttelot 1821 1852 Cricketer
William Percy Carpmael 1853 1936 Founder of the Barbarians rugby team
Charles Whibley 1859 1930 Journalist and author
Herbert Williams 1860 1937 Bishop of Waiapu, New Zealand
Steve Fairbairn 1862 1938 Rowing coach
Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch 1863 1944 Novelist and critic
John Maxwell Edmonds 1875 1958 Classicist, poet. dramatist and writer of celebrated epitaphs
Robert Stanford Wood 1886 1963 First Vice-Chancellor of the University of Southampton
Bernard Vann 1887 1918 Recipient of the Victoria Cross and League footballer for Derby County from 1906 to 1907
Sir Harold Scott 1887 1969 Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Service from 1945 to 1953
E. M. W. Tillyard 1889 1962 Literary critic, master (1945–1959)
Alistair Cooke 1908 2004 Broadcaster
Jacob Bronowski 1908 1974 Scientist
James Reeves 1909 1978 Author and literary critic
Don Siegel 1912 1991 American film director and producer
David Clive Crosbie Trench 1915 1988 24th Governor of Hong Kong
Peter Mitchell 1920 1992 Nobel Prize winning biochemist for the chemiosmotic mechanism of ATP synthesis
Sir John Jardine Paterson 1920 2000 Businessman in India
Raymond Williams 1921 1988 Literary and cultural critic
Somnath Chatterjee 1929 Ex -Speaker of Lok Sabha
Edwin Boston 1924 1986 Clergyman and steam enthusiast
J.B. Steane 1928 Music critic and musicologist
David McCutchion 1930 1972 Academic
Michael Podro 1931 2008 Art historian
Richard Hey Lloyd 1933 Organist and composer
Peter G. Fletcher 1936 1996 British conductor and author
Colin Renfrew, Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn 1937 Archaeologist
Fernando Vianello 1939 2009 Italian economist
William T. Onorato 1940 Legal Adviser and Arbitrator
Lisa Jardine 1944 Literary critic
Roger Scruton 1944 Philosopher
Paul Harrison 1945 Founder of the World Pantheist Movement, UNEP Global 500 Roll of Honour, author
Roger Toulson 1946 Justice of the Supreme Court
David Hare 1947 Playwright
Rupert Jackson 1948 Justice of the Court of Appeal
Simon Hornblower 1949 Prof. of Classics and Grote Prof. of Ancient History, UCL
Anthony Wilson 1950 2007 Journalist, founder of Factory Records
David Wootton 1950 Lord Mayor of London
Bernard Silverman 1952 British statistician and Master of St Peter's College, Oxford.
Geoff Hoon 1953 former Secretary of State for Defence, Chief Whip, Secretary to the Treasury and Secretary of State for Transport
Anthony Julius 1956 Prominent British lawyer
Andrew Mitchell 1956 Secretary of State for International Development (from May 2010)
Nick Hornby 1957 Novelist and journalist
Shaun Woodward 1958 British politician, former Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
John Baron 1959 British Conservative politician
Kimberley Rew 1951 Songwriter and guitarist
Glen Goei 1962 Film and theatre director
Quentin Letts 1963 British journalist, currently writing for the New Statesman
Prince Edward 1964 Earl of Wessex
James Wood 1965 Literary critic
Giles Dilnot 1971 Television presenter and journalist
Alexis Taylor Hot Chip musician, composer, singer
Dominic Sandbrook 1974 Historian
See also Category:Alumni of Jesus College, Cambridge

Masters and Fellows of Jesus College[edit]

See also Category: Fellows of Jesus College, Cambridge

The American fellows Philip W. Anderson and Eric Maskin won Nobel Prizes in Physics (1977) and Economics (joint - 2007) respectively. Anderson was a fellow from 1969 to 1975 while he held a Visiting Professorship at the Cavendish Laboratory, and has been an Honorary Fellow since 1978. Maskin was a Research Fellow in 1976 to 1977.

See also List of Masters of Jesus College, Cambridge

The following persons have served as Master of Jesus College, Cambridge:

Richard Sterne, Archbishop of York and Master from 1634 to 1644.
Henry Arthur Morgan was Master of the College from 1885 to 1912.
Edmund Henry Morgan, former Fellow of the College, published in Vanity Fair, 1889.
Name Start End Notes
William Chubbes 1497 1505
John Eccleston 1505 1516
Thomas Alcock 1516 1516
William Capon 1516 1546
John Reston 1546 1551
Edmund Pierpoint 1551 1557
John Fuller 1557 1558
Thomas Redman 1559 1560
Edward Gascoyne 1560 1562
John Lakin 1562 1563
Thomas Ithell 1563 1579
John Bell 1579 1589
John Duport 1590 1617
Roger Andrewes 1618 1632 The brother of theologian Lancelot Andrewes
William Beale 1632 1634
Richard Sterne, Archbishop of York 1634 1644
Thomas Young 1644 1650
John Worthington 1650 1660
Richard Sterne 1660 1660 Took over as Master for second time until his death.
John Pearson 1660 1662
Joseph Beaumont 1662 1663
Edmund Boldero 1663 1679
Humphrey Gower 1679 1679
William Saywell 1679 1701
Charles Ashton 1701 1752
Philip Yonge 1752 1758
Lynford Caryl 1758 1781
Richard Beadon 1781 1789
William Pearce 1789 1820
William French 1820 1849
George Elwes Corrie 1849 1885
Henry Arthur Morgan 1885 1912
Arthur Gray 1912 1940
Wynfrid Duckworth 1940 1945
E. M. W. Tillyard 1945 1959
Denys Lionel Page 1959 1973
Alan Cottrell 1973 1986
Colin Renfrew 1986 1996
David Crighton 1997 2000
Robert Mair 2001 2011
Ian White 2011

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ College Statutes [1], October 2011
  2. ^ http://archive.varsity.co.uk/647.pdf
  3. ^ "History (1945-)". Jesus College, Cambridge. April 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Poole, Sarah Cathedral organist secures dream job, 6 April 2009, Bolton News. Retrieved on 19 April 2009.
  5. ^ New Informator Choristorum appointed, Oxford University. Retrieved on 19 April 2009.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°12′32.75″N 00°07′24.24″E / 52.2090972°N 0.1234000°E / 52.2090972; 0.1234000 (Jesus College)