Jesus son of Damneus

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Jesus ben Damneus
Temple Temple of Jerusalem
Other names Joshua ben Damneus, Yehoshua ben Damneus
Senior posting
Based in Jerusalem
Title High Priest of Israel
Predecessor Ananus ben Ananus
Successor Yehoshua ben Gamla

Jesus son of Damneus (Greek: Ἰησοῦς του Δαμναίου, Hebrew: ישוע בן דמנאי, Yeshua` ben Damnai) was a Herodian-era High Priest of Israel in Jerusalem, Iudaea Province.[1]

In the Antiquities of the Jews (Book 20, Chapter 9) first-century historian Josephus states that Jesus ben Damneus was made high priest after the previous high priest, Ananus son of Ananus, was removed from his position for executing James the Just.[2] Jesus ben Damneus himself was deposed less than a year later.

While the authenticity of some passages in Book 18 of Antiquities of the Jews has been subject to debate, the overwhelming majority of scholars consider the discussion of the death of James in Section 9 of Book 20 to be authentic.[3][4]

The works of Josephus refer to at least twenty different people with the name Jesus, and in chapter 9 of Book 20, Jesus the son of Damneus is distinct from the reference to the biblical "Jesus called Christ", who is mentioned along with the identification of James.[5] John Painter states that phrase "who was called Christ" is used by Josephus in this passage "by way of distinguishing him from others of the same name such as the high priest Jesus son of Damneus, or Jesus son of Gamaliel" both having been mentioned by Josephus in this context.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Note that the Antiquities are in Greek, so it is not clear which variant in Hebrew would have corresponded to the name used by Josephus in this case
  2. ^ Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 20.9.1
  3. ^ Louis Feldman and Gōhei Hata, eds. (1987). Josephus, Judaism and Christianity. BRILL. ISBN 978-90-04-08554-1. pages 54-57
  4. ^ Maier, Paul L. (December 1995). Josephus, the essential works: a condensation of Jewish antiquities and The Jewish war. Kregel Academic. ISBN 978-0-8254-3260-6. pp. 284-285.
  5. ^ Jesus Legend, The: A Case for the Historical Reliability of the Synoptic Jesus Tradition by Gregory A. Boyd and Paul Rhodes Eddy (Aug 1, 2007) ISBN 0-8010-3114-1 page 129
  6. ^ Just James: The Brother of Jesus in History and Tradition (Academic Paperback) by John Painter 2005 ISBN 0567041913 page 137
Preceded by
Ananus ben Ananus
High Priest of Israel
63
Succeeded by
Yehoshua ben Gamla