JetBlue

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Jet Blue)
Jump to: navigation, search
JetBlue Airways
JetBlue Airways Logo.svg
IATA
B6
ICAO
JBU
Callsign
JETBLUE
Founded February 1999 (1999-02)
AOC # YENA176J
Operating bases John F. Kennedy International Airport (New York City, NY)
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program TrueBlue
Fleet size 196
Destinations 84
Company slogan You Above All
Parent company JetBlue Airways Corporation
Lufthansa Group (15.85%)
Headquarters Long Island City, New York
Key people
Revenue Increase US$ 4.982 billion (2012)[3]
Operating income Increase US$ 376 million (2012)[3]
Net income Increase US$ 128 million (2012)[3]
Total assets Decrease US$ 7.1 billion (2012)[3]
Total equity Increase US$ 1.9 billion (2012)[3]
Employees 15,000 +
Website www.jetblue.com

JetBlue Airways Corporation (NASDAQJBLU), often stylized as jetBlue, is an American low-cost non-union airline.[4] The company is headquartered in the Long Island City neighborhood of the New York City borough of Queens. Its main base is John F. Kennedy International Airport, also in Queens, and maintains a corporate office in Cottonwood Heights, Utah.[5][6]

The airline mainly serves destinations in the United States, along with flights to the Caribbean, The Bahamas, Bermuda, Barbados, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, and Puerto Rico. As of October 2013, JetBlue serves 84 destinations in 24 states and 12 countries in the Caribbean, South America, and Latin America.

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

A JetBlue Airbus A320, "Whole Lotta Blue" (N594JB) at Salt Lake City International Airport.

JetBlue was incorporated in Delaware in August 1998.[4] David Neeleman founded the company in February 1999, under the name "NewAir."[7] Several of JetBlue's executives, including Neeleman, are former Southwest Airlines employees.[8] JetBlue started by following Southwest's approach of offering low-cost travel, but sought to distinguish itself by its amenities, such as in-flight entertainment, TV at every seat, and Sirius satellite radio. In Neeleman's words, JetBlue looks "to bring humanity back to air travel."

In September 1999, the airline was awarded 75 initial take off/landing slots at John F. Kennedy International Airport, and received formal U.S. authorization in February 2000. It started operations on February 11, 2000, with service to Buffalo and Ft. Lauderdale.[9]

JetBlue's founders had set out to call the airline "Taxi" and therefore have a yellow livery to associate the airline with New York. The idea was dropped, however, for several reasons: the negative connotation behind New York City taxis; the ambiguity of the word taxi with regard to air traffic control; and threats from investor JP Morgan to pull its share ($20 million of the total $128 million) of the airline's initial funding unless the name was changed.[10]

2000s[edit]

JetBlue was one of only a few U.S. airlines that made a profit during the sharp downturn in airline travel following the September 11, 2001 attacks.[11]

The airline sector responded to JetBlue's market presence by starting mini-rival carriers: Delta Air Lines started Song, and United Airlines launched another rival called Ted. Song has since been disbanded and was reabsorbed by Delta Air Lines, and United has discontinued Ted as a separate brand.[12]

JetBlue Founder David Neeleman in 2006

In October 2005, JetBlue announced that its quarterly profit had plunged from US$8.1 million to $2.7 million largely due to rising fuel costs. Operational issues, fuel prices, and low fares, JetBlue's hallmark, were bringing its financial performance down. In addition, with higher costs related to the airline's numerous amenities, JetBlue was becoming less competitive.

Regardless, the airline continued to plan for growth. It was announced that 36 new aircraft were scheduled for delivery in the year 2006.

For many years, analysts had predicted that JetBlue's growth rate would become unsustainable. Despite this, the airline continued to add planes and routes to the fleet at a brisk pace. In addition in 2006, the IAM (International Association of Machinists) attempted to unionize JetBlue's "ramp service workers," in a move that was described by JetBlue's COO Dave Barger as "pretty hypocritical," as the IAM opposed JetBlue's creation when it was founded as New Air in 1998. The union organizing petition was dismissed by the National Mediation Board because fewer than 35 percent of eligible employees supported an election.

In February 2006, JetBlue announced its first ever quarterly loss. For 4th quarter 2005, the airline lost $42.4 million, enough to make them unprofitable for the entire year of 2005. The loss was the airline's first since going public in 2002. JetBlue also reported a loss in the 1st quarter 2006. In addition to that, JetBlue forecast a loss for 2006, citing high fuel prices, operating inefficiency, and fleet costs. During the first quarter report, CEO David Neeleman, President Dave Barger, and then-CFO John Owen released JetBlue's "Return to Profitability" ("RTP") plan, stating in detail how they would curtail costs and improve revenue to regain profitability. The plan called for $50 million in annual cost cuts and a push to boost revenue by $30 million. JetBlue Airways moved out of the red during the second quarter of 2006, beating Wall Street expectations by announcing a net profit of $14 million. That result was flat when compared to JetBlue's results from the same quarter a year before ($13 million), but it was double Wall Street forecasts of a $7 million profit, Reuters reports. The carrier said cost-cutting and stronger revenue helped it offset higher jet fuel costs. In October 2006, JetBlue announced a net loss of $500,000 for Quarter 3, and a plan to regain that loss by deferring some of their E190 deliveries, and by selling 5 of their A320s.

In December 2006, JetBlue announced another component of the RTP, when they explained the reasoning behind their decision to remove a row of seats from their A320s. The removal of the seats will lighten the aircraft by 904 lb (410 kg), and will reduce the inflight crew size from four to three (per FAA regulation requiring one flight attendant per 50 seats), thus offsetting the lost revenue from the removal of seats, and further lightening the aircraft, resulting in less fuel burned.[13]

In January 2007, JetBlue announced it had returned to profitability with a fourth quarter profit for 2006, reversing a quarterly loss in the year-earlier period. As part of the RTP plan, 2006's full year loss was $1 million compared to 2005's full year loss of $20 million. JetBlue was one of the few major airlines to post a profit in the quarter.

While its financial performance started showing signs of improvement, in February 2007, JetBlue faced a crisis, when a snowstorm hit the Northeast and Midwest, throwing the airline's operations into chaos. Because JetBlue followed the practice of never canceling flights, it desisted from calling flights off, even when the ice storm hit and the airline was forced to keep several planes on the ground. Because of this, passengers were kept waiting at the airports for their flights to take off. In some cases, passengers who had already boarded their planes were kept waiting on the tarmac for several hours and were not allowed to disembark. However, after all this, the airline was eventually forced to cancel most of its flights because of prevailing weather conditions.[14] The fiasco reportedly cost JetBlue $30 million.[15]

In 2007 JetBlue was also facing reliability problems with its Embraer 190 fleet. For a couple months JetBlue contracted ExpressJet to operate four Embraer 145 regional jets on behalf of JetBlue. While this was going on two E90 aircraft at a time were sent to an Embraer maintenance facility in Nashville, TN. [16] ExpressJet operated routes between Boston Logan and Buffalo, NY and Washington Dulles and between New York JFK and Columbus, OH and Richmond, VA. [17]

David Barger after a presentation in October 2010

On May 10, 2007, JetBlue announced Barger's appointment as CEO, who also retains the position of President. Neeleman, who was named non-executive Chairman of the Board, said "This is a natural evolution of our leadership structure as JetBlue continues to grow. As Chairman of the Board of Directors, I will focus on developing JetBlue's long-term vision and strategy, and how we can continue to be a preferred product in a commodity business."[18]

On July 24, 2007, JetBlue reported that its second-quarter revenue increased to $730 million, compared to $612 in 2006. Second quarter net income grew to $21 million for the quarter, from $14 million the previous year. CEO David Barger said the airline will take delivery of three fewer planes this year and will sell three planes from their current fleet, "slowing capacity growth...to strengthen our balance sheet and facilitate earnings growth", but will continue to add two to four new destinations each year.[19]

In July 2007, the airline partnered with 20th Century Fox's film The Simpsons Movie to become the "Official Airline of Springfield." In addition a contest was held in which the grand prize would be a trip on JetBlue to Los Angeles to attend the premiere of the film. The airline's website was also redecorated with characters and their favorite JetBlue destinations and the company was taken over by the show/film's businessman villain Montgomery Burns.[20]

In August 2007, the airline announced the addition of exclusive content from The New York Times in the form of an in-flight video magazine, conducted by Times' journalists and content from NYTimes.com.[21]

On October 11, 2007, JetBlue announced expanded service to the Caribbean with service to St. Maarten and Puerto Plata commencing January 10, 2008. With these additional destinations, JetBlue's service expanded to a total of twelve Caribbean/Atlantic destinations including Aruba; Barbados; Bermuda; Cancún; Nassau; Aguadilla, Ponce and San Juan, Puerto Rico; and Santiago and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

On November 8, 2007, JetBlue announced the appointment of Ed Barnes as interim CFO, following the resignation of former CFO John Harvey.[22]

On December 13, 2007, JetBlue and German-based Lufthansa announced their intent to sell 19% of JetBlue to Lufthansa, pending approval from US regulators. Following the acquisition, Lufthansa stated they plan to seek operational cooperation with JetBlue.[23] Lufthansa plans to offer connections to JetBlue flights in Boston, New York (JFK), and Orlando International Airport.[24]

In the March edition of Airways Magazine, it was announced that once JetBlue partnered with Yahoo! and with BlackBerry producer Research in Motion, that the airline would offer free, limited Wi-Fi capabilities on a single aircraft, N651JB, an Airbus A320-200 dubbed "BetaBlue." People access e-mail with a Wi-Fi capable Blackberry, or use Yahoo!'s e-mail and instant messaging with a Wi-Fi capable laptop, while in flight over the US. LiveTV in Melbourne Florida, created and operated the "BetaBlue" prototype. The "BetaBlue" system utilized the bandwidth and infrastructure of defunct Airfone [25]

On March 19, 2008, JetBlue announced the addition of Orlando, Florida as a gateway focus city to international destinations in the Caribbean, Mexico, and South America. New international routes from Orlando International Airport include Cancún, Mexico, Bridgetown, Barbados, Bogotá, Colombia, Nassau, Bahamas, San José, Costa Rica and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. In conjunction with the addition of new routes the airline will continue significant expansion of operations at Orlando International Airport including a planned 292-room lodge that will house trainees attending the existing "JetBlue University" training facility.[26]

On April 8, 2008, JetBlue introduced a new "Happy Jetting" brand campaign. The marketing campaign, developed in partnership with JWT New York, emphasizes competitive fares, service and complimentary onboard amenities such as free satellite television and radio, snacks and leather seats.[27][28]

On May 21, 2008, JetBlue named Joel Peterson chairman and Frank Sica vice chairman of its board of directors, replacing David Neeleman, who stepped down as CEO in 2007.[29]

On August 4, 2008, the Associated Press reported that JetBlue would replace their recycled pillows and blankets with an "ecofriendly" pillow and blanket package that passengers would have to purchase for use. Each package will cost $7, and will include a $5 coupon from retailer Bed, Bath and Beyond. This decision is the latest in a series of moves designed to increase revenue. JetBlue told the Associated Press that it expects to collect $40 million from passengers selecting seats with extra legroom and $20 million from passengers paying $15 to check a second bag. As of September 8, 2008 JetBlue charges passengers $10–$30 for an extended-leg-room seat depending on the length of the flight.[30]

In September 2008 JetBlue began operating Republican Vice-Presidential candidate Sarah Palin's campaign aircraft, an E190.[31][32]

On October 13, 2009, the airline unveiled a modification to its livery in commemoration of the upcoming 10th anniversary of the airline in February 2010. Besides a new tail design, the revised livery includes larger "billboard" titles extending down over the passenger windows at the front of the aircraft. The logo word 'jetBlue' will no longer be silver and blue but now a dark, navy blue.[33]

JetBlue's JFK Terminal 5[edit]

The entry hall of T5 at John F. Kennedy International Airport

On October 22, 2008 JetBlue opened its new primary hub at John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), Terminal 5, or simply T5. The mostly new terminal, costing approximately $800 million,[34] partially encircles the historic TWA Flight Center, the former Trans World Airlines terminal designed by Eero Saarinen, which remains closed. According to the plan, passengers will eventually be able to check in for flights in the landmark building, then transfer to the new structure via the original passenger departing-arrival tubes from Saarinen's original terminal and its 1969 addition by Roche-Dinkeloo.[35]

The first flight arrived from Bob Hope Airport (B6 #358) at 5:06 am followed by arrivals from Oakland International Airport and Long Beach Airport, respectively.[36][37] The last flight to operate out of T6 was a departure to Rafael Hernández Airport in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, departing at 11:59 pm.

2010s[edit]

On June 16, 2010, JetBlue began selling snack boxes on Airbus A320 flights over 3 hours, 45 minutes. There are 5 options for $6 each.[38]

In March 22, 2010, JetBlue turned down incentives from the City of Orlando and announced its headquarters would keep its Forest Hills office,[39][40][41][42] start leasing and using a new office in the Brewster Building in Long Island City, New York.[43][44] in Queens Plaza in Long Island City,[42] move its headquarters there in mid-2012,[45] and start a joint branding deal with New York State using the iconic I Love NY logo.[42]

On October 14, 2010, the California Council of the Blind and three individuals with visual impairments have filed a lawsuit against JetBlue Airways in Federal Court on allegations that JetBlue's website and airport kiosks are not accessible.[46]

On October 18, 2011, JetBlue announced that Chief Financial Officer Ed Barnes had resigned effective immediately. The company's treasurer, Mark Powers, was appointed interim CFO until a replacement for Barnes could be found.[47]

On June 13, 2012, JetBlue ranked 'Highest in Customer Satisfaction Among Low Cost Carriers in North America' by J.D. Power and Associates, a customer satisfaction recognition received for the eighth year in a row.[48]

Introduction of Premium Transcontinental Service[edit]

In October 2013, JetBlue announced it would offer a premium cabin service on transcontinental flights, to be called Mint. The service is set to begin in 2014, using eleven of the Airbus A321-200 aircraft on order, the first of which is slated to arrive in February 2014. JetBlue will fit those eleven aircraft with 16 "lie flat" seats and moveable partitions that can create small suites on the airplane. The A321 currently does not have sufficient range to fly a westbound transcontinental route during the winter, so JetBlue will fit the aircraft with "sharklet" winglets; these are expected to lower fuel burn sufficiently to meet the target range.[49]

Destinations[edit]

As of October 2013, JetBlue Airways flies to over 80 destinations in multiple countries, including Aruba, The Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Colombia, Costa Rica, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Sint Maarten, Puerto Rico, and the United States.[50]

JetBlue is one of the largest airlines in the Northeast United States. JetBlue's most recent focus has been on Boston and the Caribbean.[51]

Partnerships[edit]

JetBlue Embraer 190 (N198JB) and Airbus A320 (N528JB)

On February 6, 2007, USA Today reported that JetBlue plans to enter into an alliance with Irish flagship carrier Aer Lingus. The alliance will facilitate easy transfers to both airlines' customers, but will not allow either airline to sell seats on the other airline, unlike traditional codeshare alliances, meaning customers must make individual reservations with both carriers, the newspaper said.[52] On February 1, 2008, JetBlue announced the details of this alliance. Passengers will be able to connect between Aer Lingus and JetBlue in New York/JFK or Boston Logan on a single ticket, which can be booked through both airlines' websites. The booking will be started with one airline, and then transferred to the other airline's website to complete the booking. CEO David Barger was quoted as saying if this alliance is successful, JetBlue may be interested in partnering with other international carriers.[53]

On March 12, 2008, Financial Times reported Lufthansa revealing its plans made with JetBlue. Lufthansa and JetBlue are reported to be investigating linking reservation systems and frequent flyer programs. By making use of JetBlue's North America routes as a feeder network, Lufthansa would be in a position to operate a quasi-hub at New York-JFK and Boston Logan International Airport.[54]

As of February 2010, JetBlue transitioned reservation systems from OpenSkies to Sabre per agreement with European partner Lufthansa. The new system allows JetBlue to codeshare and transfer bags and passengers better between the two carriers.[55]

According to Dave Barger, CEO of JetBlue Airways, the airline is currently considering becoming a member of a global airline alliance. Since Lufthansa owns a 15.85% stake in JetBlue, Star Alliance seems to be the most likely choice. JetBlue already partners with Lufthansa, as well as Aer Lingus, which currently is not part of an alliance.[56][57]

On March 31, an official announcement was made by 2 airlines, American Airlines and JetBlue. The agreement includes the interlining of routes between the airlines. Eighteen of JetBlue's destinations that are not served by American and twelve of American's international destinations from John F. Kennedy International Airport and Boston Logan International Airport are included in the agreement. The deal began in July 2010. Also, American is giving JetBlue 16 slots at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport for 8 round trips and 2 at Westchester County Airport. In return, JetBlue is giving American 12 slots or 6 round trips at JFK Airport.[58][59]

On Friday May 7, 2010, JetBlue announced an interline agreement with South African Airways to take effect on May 12, 2010. The agreement enables passengers to travel on a single electronic ticket with both carriers, and permits the through-checking of baggage in both directions.[60]

On March 22, 2011, JetBlue announced an interline agreement with Virgin Atlantic Airways on transatlantic travel.[61]

On November 2, 2011, JetBlue announced an interline agreement with Jet Airways to connect customers traveling from JetBlue cities from the US to Brussels, Belgium and beyond India.[62]

On June 12, 2012, JetBlue announced an interline agreement with Air China to connect passengers between both carrier's networks at New York-JFK as well as Los Angeles. Both carriers also plan to enter a codeshare agreement by Fall 2012 subject to government approval.[63]

JetBlue departures at each Focus City[edit]

B6 Focus Cities listed by daily Departures (January 16, 2014)[64]
Rank Airport Flights
1 New York-JFK, New York 231
2 Boston, Massachusetts 194
3 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 95
4 Orlando, Florida 89
5 San Juan, Puerto Rico 66
6 Long Beach, California 34

Interline and codeshare agreements[edit]

JetBlue does not participate in any major global airline alliances, but the airline has interline and codeshare agreements with several airlines.[65] Many of these airlines are members of global airline alliances.

Fleet[edit]

JetBlue Airbus A320 (N580JB) at Orlando Airport (MCO)

As of April 2014, the JetBlue Airways fleet consists of the following aircraft with an average age of 8.1 years:[69][70][71]

JetBlue Airways Fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
F Y+ Y Total
Airbus A320-200 130 11 0 42 108 150
Airbus A320neo 30 TBA Deliveries begin 2016[72]
Airbus A321-200 6 13 0 41 149 190
11 16 41 102 159 Deliveries begin first half of 2014[73][74]
23 TBA 15 new orders, 8 converted from A320-200[75]
Airbus A321neo 30 TBA 20 new orders, 10 converted from A320neo[75]
Embraer 190 60 21 0 16 84 100 Launch Customer
Total 196 141
JetBlue Embraer 190 N190JB ("Luiz F. Kahl") at Chicago O'Hare International Airport.

Nearly every plane in JetBlue's fleet is named with a designation containing some form of the word "blue." However as of September 2012, there are four exceptions: tail number N190JB is "Luiz F. Kahl" named for the former Chairman of the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, and tail number N316JB is "Usto Schulz" named for JetBlue's former VP of Safety. Tail number N605JB, (formerly "Blue Yorker") the Boston Red Sox themed aircraft does not have an official name but instead displays the Fenway Park 100th Anniversary logo. One of JetBlue's other sports themed aircraft is tail number N746JB (formerly "Some Like It Blue"). This aircraft bears the New York Jets logo and areas of the aircraft which would typically be painted blue are painted green instead. Another aircraft, N586JB, carries an "I Love New York/JetBlue" logo combination marked with the words "New York's Hometown Airline" instead of a name.

JetBlue N605JB celebrates the 100th anniversary of the Boston Red Sox baseball team.

The only plane that has not been named by a JetBlue employee is tail number N655JB, "Blue 100," which was named by the company in celebration for JetBlue's 100th Airbus A320. Also, the plane has its own original tail fin. Also, tail number N658JB was named "Whoo-Hoo JetBlue! The Official Airline of Springfield" in celebration of the release of The Simpsons Movie. The plane also features Homer Simpson giving a thumbs up.

Some long-term maintenance on JetBlue's Airbus A320 aircraft is conducted at Aeroman, a facility in El Salvador owned by Aveos Fleet Performance Inc..[76] JetBlue also used Aveos's facilities in Winnipeg, Canada until 2007, along with Empire Aero Center in Rome, NY.[77]

In December 2006, JetBlue announced it would remove one more row of seats from each A320, reducing the number of seats per A320 to 150. The airline also revealed that on each A320 it would adjust the remaining rows in the forward half of the cabin, increasing the seat pitch to 38 inches (97 cm), these seats were called even more legroom seats and are now called even more space seats.[13] Fleet modifications have been completed as of February 8, 2007.[78]

At present, the A320 has a seat pitch of 38 inches (97 cm) in rows 1–5, 10, and 11 (exit rows), these are even more space seats and 34 inches (86 cm) in all other rows. The E190 has a seat pitch of 32 inches (81 cm) in rows 1–10, and 33 inches (84 cm) in rows 13–25, with a pitch of 38 inches (97 cm) in the exit rows. Over the summer of 2012 the E190 fleet was repitched to create even more space seats in rows 1 and 12–14. The seat pitch in rows 1 and 12 is 38 inches (97 cm) and rows 13–14 is 39 inches (99 cm).[79][80]

Corporate affairs[edit]

Headquarters[edit]

Its headquarters are in the Brewster Building in Long Island City, New York.[43][44]

JetBlue previously had its headquarters in the Forest Hills Tower in Forest Hills, Queens, New York City.[81][82] The previous Forest Hills facility is 6 miles (9.7 km) from the current LIC one.[83] In the summer of 2001 the airline announced that it wanted to take 74,000 square feet (6,900 m2) of space in the Forest Hills Tower. By December 2002 the airline announced that it planned to increase its leased space and use contiguous and efficient floor plates. Steven Cuozzo of the New York Post said that the JetBlue plan was "possibly the largest office lease" in Queens in 2002. In December 2002 between 600 and 800 JetBlue employees worked at the Forest Hills Tower. Prior to the move to the Forest Hills Tower, the airline headquarters were across the street, at 80–02 Kew Gardens Rd.[82]

In 2009 JetBlue announced that it was looking for a new location for its headquarters. The company began considering moving the headquarters either within the New York City metropolitan area or to the Orlando, Florida area.[84] In April of that year Helen Marshall, the president of the Borough of Queens, said that the City of New York was trying to keep JetBlue in the city. Her spokesperson, Dan Andrews, said that the mayor's office looked for office space in Queens and in other boroughs.[85] In January 2010 the CEO of JetBlue, Dave Barger, and Governor of Florida Charlie Crist met at the Governor's Mansion in Tallahassee, Florida to discuss a possible headquarters move to Orlando.[86] Barger said that he anticipated that JetBlue would decide whether to move by March 2010.[87] JetBlue officials stated that if the airline moves its headquarters, it will not happen until 2012, when its lease in the Forest Hills Tower expires.[88] On March 22, 2010 JetBlue announced it will remain in the New York City area. Its new headquarters will be located in Long Island City, in the borough of Queens.[89] Barger stated that the airline decided to keep the headquarters in New York City because of the airline's historical links to New York City, the cost of relocating most of the airline's staff, the airline's desire to retain access to financial markets, and the fact that Aer Lingus and Lufthansa, JetBlue's international marketing partners, fly into John F. Kennedy International Airport.[90] JetBlue plans to combine its Forest Hills and Darien, Connecticut offices, together about 1,000 employees, into about 200,000 square feet (19,000 m2) in the Brewster Building in Long Island City by mid-2012.[91]

Crew Bases[edit]

JetBlue operates five bases for its pilots and inflight crewmembers:[92]

Marketing[edit]

Marketing strategy[edit]

JetBlue’s first major advertising campaign incorporated phrases like “Unbelievable” and “We like you, too”. Full-page newspaper advertisements boasted low-fares, new aircraft, leather seats, spacious legroom, and a customer-service oriented staff committed to “bringing humanity back to air travel.”[93] With a goal of raising the bar for in-flight experience, JetBlue became the first airline to offer all passengers personalized in-flight entertainment. In April 2000, flat-screen monitors installed in every seatback allow customers live access to over 20 DIRECTV channels at no additional cost.[94]

As JetBlue gained market share, they found a unique positioning where they competed with other low-cost carriers (i.e. Southwest, AirTran, Frontier) as well as major carriers (i.e. Delta, United, Continental). Amenities such as their live in-flight television, free and unlimited snack offerings, comfortable legroom, and unique promotions fostered an image of impeccable customer service that rivaled the major airlines while competitive low fares made them a threat to low-cost no-frills carriers as well.[95]

During the company’s growth stage, advertising messages moved from the engaging and customer oriented to less personal slogans and campaigns. Frequent changes in its values statements resulted in mixed and frequently wasted marketing dollars spent. Slogans varied from “More” to “Happy Jetting” and many other failed attempts.[96]

A new marketing strategy has been partnerships with professional sports teams and venues. As the official airline of the New York Jets, JetBlue has specially painted the exterior of one of their Airbus A320s (N746JB) in the team's colors. Aircraft N605JB is based on the design of the Boston Red Sox road uniform and sports a grey fuselage with navy lettering. This aircraft was unveiled in February 2012, just in time for the opening of the Red Sox new spring training facility in Fort Myers, FL named JetBlue Park at Fenway South. Additionally, JetBlue and MasterCard have pledged to refund select flight purchases made online at JetBlue.com using a MasterCard.[97] JetBlue has also partnered with various other sports teams and sporting venues in cities they serve.

JetBlue also utilizes various forms of advertising media. They use print, online, and television ads as well as advertisements on popular social media sites including Hulu.com and YouTube.com. JetBlue emphasizes a secondary slogan “If you wouldn’t take it on the ground, don’t take it in the air” poking fun at competitors with hidden fees, little or no amenities, and what JetBlue considers an unacceptable level of customer service.[98]

According to Martin St. George, senior vice president of marketing and commercial strategy at JetBlue, the new “You Above All” campaign was created to get JetBlue back to their “DNA” and speak to the “core of who we are as a brand.” This motto is meant to support their efforts to always put the customer first and “bring humanity back to air travel”.[96]

Customer Bill of Rights[edit]

In February 2007, a Valentine's Day storm triggered an “organizational meltdown” leading to an extremely high level of cancelations and controversies. For example, some passengers were held on board their plane awaiting clearance for take off for nearly 11 hours before they returned to their gate and the flight was canceled.[99]

Various consumer rights organizations and activists called for the creation of a government mandated “Bill of Rights” to protect air travelers from future experiences similar to the one previously described. On February 20, 2007, JetBlue released an apologetic response to the events that had taken place less than a week before with the creation of their Customer Bill of Rights, which offers financial reciprocation if a customer's flight is delayed or canceled.[100]

TrueBlue[edit]

JetBlue's frequent-flyer program is called TrueBlue. Under the original TrueBlue program, flights were worth two, four, or six points based on distance of the flights, and double points were awarded for flights booked online.[101]

In September 2009, JetBlue announced changes to its TrueBlue program.[102] In the new program, members receive three points for every dollar spent toward a flight, excluding taxes and fees; members earn an additional three points for every dollar spent on a flight if they book online on the JetBlue.com website. An additional two points are awarded if the member uses JetBlue cobranded American Express credit card to purchase the flight. The price of flights in points depend on the fare of the flight in U.S. dollars. The new program launched on November 9, 2009.[103][104]

In June 2013, JetBlue announced that TrueBlue points will never expire for any reason. The current policy states that if you book a flight on jetblue.com, you earn double with 6 points per dollar. Flights bought elsewhere result in 3 points per dollar spent.[105][106]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

JetBlue Flight 292, an Airbus A320 (N536JB), makes an emergency landing at Los Angeles International Airport

JetBlue has had two incidents involving its aircraft, although none have resulted in any casualties or hull losses.

  • September 21, 2005: Flight 292 en route from Burbank, California, to New York City performed an emergency landing at Los Angeles International Airport (pictured on the right) following a failure of the front landing gear during retraction when it turned 90 degrees. The plane landed after holding for about three hours to burn fuel and lighten the aircraft. The aircraft came to a stop without incident on runway 25L, the third-longest runway at LAX. The only apparent damage to the plane upon landing was the destruction of the front wheels, which were ground down to almost semicircles, and the tires; the front landing strut held. The passengers were unable to see themselves landing despite the DirecTV service in each seat, as it was turned off well before landing.[107]
  • March 27, 2012: an incident on Flight 191 involved the captain being locked out of the cockpit and being subdued by passengers following a panic attack.[108][109][110]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ JetBlue | Investor relations | Press Releases
  2. ^ December 12, 2013 4:15 PM (2013-12-12). "JetBlue Names Robin Hayes President - Yahoo Finance". Finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "JetBlue Announces 2012 Annual Profit". New York: JetBlue Airways Corporation. January 29, 2013. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "2010 Form 10-K, JetBlue Airways Corporation". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. 
  5. ^ "JetBlue's HQ contest down to NYC, Orlando." Crain's New York Business. Retrieved February 13, 2010
  6. ^ "Jetblue 2002 Annual Report." JetBlue. Retrieved January 29, 2009.
  7. ^ "JetBlue". JetBlue. Retrieved April 25, 2012. 
  8. ^ Brizek, Michael. "JetBlue Airways, Trouble in the Sky". Retrieved April 25, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. April 3, 2007. p. 98. 
  10. ^ The Steady, Strategic Ascent of JetBlue Airways January 11, 2006
  11. ^ Zuckerman, Laurence (June 5, 2008). "JetBlue, Exception Among Airlines, Is Likely to Post a Profit". The New York Times. Retrieved November 7, 2001. 
  12. ^ Maynard, Micheline (June 5, 2008). "More Cuts as United Grounds Low-Cost Carrier". The New York Times. Retrieved June 4, 2008. 
  13. ^ a b "JetBlue Airways Press Release: Taking the JetBlue Experience to New Heights". Investor.jetblue.com. December 14, 2006. Retrieved April 25, 2012. 
  14. ^ JetBlue Airways: Growing Pains? ICMR Case Study. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
  15. ^ JetBlue fiasco: $30M price tag Retrieved November 2, 2010.
  16. ^ "Embraer tackles JetBlue E-190 software glitches - 3/13/2007". Flight Global. 2007-03-13. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  17. ^ Schlangenstein, Mary (2007-03-06). "JetBlue to Idle E190s for Work, Add ExpressJet Planes (Update4)". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  18. ^ JetBlue Airways Names Dave Barger President and Chief Executive Officer; Founder David Neeleman Will Continue to Serve as Chairman of the Board. Investor.jetblue.com (May 10, 2007). Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  19. ^ "unknown" (Press release). Associated Press. July 24, 2007. 
  20. ^ mydesert.com | The Desert Sun | Palm Springs news, community, entertainment, yellow pages and classifieds. Serving Palm Springs, California. The Desert Sun. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  21. ^ "unknown". Retrieved March 5, 2011. [dead link]
  22. ^ "Jet Blue news release". November 8, 2007. Retrieved November 13, 2007. 
  23. ^ Lufthansa will acquire 19% stake in JetBlue, seek 'cooperation' December 13, 2007
  24. ^ Lufthansa Partnership July 30, 2008
  25. ^ BetaBlue Flies High With In-flight E-mail and Instant Messaging: JetBlue Airways Joins With LiveTV, Yahoo! and RIM to Become the First U.S. Domestic Carrier to Provide Free In-flight Connectivity Dec. 11, 2007 (PRIME NEWSWIRE)
  26. ^ JetBlue Airways Press Release: New Focus City At Orlando International Airport March 19, 2008
  27. ^ JetBlue | Airline Tickets, Flights, and Airfare. Happyjetting.com. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  28. ^ Flying. It's Why JetBlue Created Jetting. (Nasdaq:JBLU). Globenewswire.com. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  29. ^ Shwiff, Kathy (May 21, 2008). "JetBlue Solidifies Succession Plan". The Wall Street Journal. 
  30. ^ JetBlue to charge $7 for pillow, blanket. Nydailynews.com (August 4, 2008). Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  31. ^ "unknown". [dead link]
  32. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (November 7, 2008). "2008-11-07". USA Today. Retrieved March 5, 2011. 
  33. ^ Photos: Airbus A320-232 Aircraft Pictures. Airliners.net. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  34. ^ Maynard, Micheline (October 22, 2008), "JetBlue Twitters its New Terminal" The New York Times
  35. ^ Russell, James S. (October 23, 2008)"JetBlue's New Terminal at JFK Offers Huge Capacity, No Charm", Bloomberg
  36. ^ T-508. T-508. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  37. ^ About JetBlue | JFK Airport. JetBlue. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  38. ^ Complimentary Snacks and Drinks. JetBlue. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  39. ^ "Twitter status". JetBlue Airways. March 12, 2010. 
  40. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (March 22, 2010). "JetBlue turns down Orlando incentives, will keep headquarters in New York City". USA Today. 
  41. ^ "JetBlue CEO talks of moving headquarters to Orlando". FlyerTalk. January 20, 2010. 
  42. ^ a b c Bomkamp, Samantha (March 22, 2010). "JetBlue to remain New York's 'hometown' airline". USA Today. Associated Press. 
  43. ^ a b "JetBlue Plants Its Flag in New York City with New Headquarters Location" (Press release). JetBlue Airways. March 22, 2010. Retrieved March 5, 2011. 
  44. ^ a b Mcgeehan, Patrick (March 22, 2010). "JetBlue to Remain 'New York's Hometown Airline'". The New York Times. Associated Press. Retrieved March 5, 2011. 
  45. ^ McGeehan, Patrick (March 22, 2010). "JetBlue to Move West Within Queens, Not South to Orlando". The New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2011. 
  46. ^ Accessibility Lawsuit Filed Against JetBlue Airways – Law Office of Lainey Feingold. Lflegal.com (October 14, 2010). Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  47. ^ Molnar, Matt (October 18, 2011). "JetBlue CFO Ed Barnes Resigns". NYCAviation. 
  48. ^ "JetBlue Awarded Seventh Consecutive Customer Satisfaction J.D. Power and Associates Honor", JetBlue Airways, June 16, 2011.
  49. ^ Rabinowitz, Jason, Two steps ahead, Aviation Week and Space Technology, October 7, 2013, p.35
  50. ^ "Where We Jet: Flight Destinations". JetBlue. Retrieved October 23, 2011. 
  51. ^ "JetBlue touts Boston, Caribbean to investors | CAPA". Centreforaviation.com. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  52. ^ JetBlue, Aer Lingus to forge world's first international discount alliance February 6, 2007
  53. ^ JetBlue, Aer Lingus announce passenger-sharing alliance February 1, 2008
  54. ^ / Mergermarket – Lufthansa to link with JetBlue in NY. Ft.com (March 12, 2008). Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  55. ^ JetBlue Leaves Open Skies for Sabre | BNET. Industry.bnet.com (February 23, 2009). Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  56. ^ Search – Global Edition – The New York Times. International Herald Tribune (March 29, 2009). Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  57. ^ JetBlue Airways Looking for International Partners by CompareCarrentals.com News. Comparecarrentals.com (March 13, 2009). Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  58. ^ American Airlines Bolsters Commitment to New York by Enhancing Network, Schedule, Facilities and Fleet at New York's Airports, and Introduces New Partnerships With JetBlue Airways and NYC & Company – Mar 31, 2010. Aa.mediaroom.com (March 31, 2010). Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  59. ^ BlueTales » JetBlue » Connecting Customers to more destinations worldwide. Blog.hellojetblue.com (March 31, 2010). Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  60. ^ JetBlue Airways and South African Airways Proudly Announce New Interline Agreement. Effective May 12, 2010, travelers can purchase flights between all JetBlue destinations and 40 SAA cities in Southern Africa via New York's JFK Airport. Investor.jetblue.com. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  61. ^ JetBlue and Virgin Atlantic Team Up on Transatlantic Travel – Yahoo! Finance[dead link]
  62. ^ "JetBlue and Jet Airways to Partner on Interline Service to Brussels and... – NEW YORK, Nov. 2, 2011 /PRNewswire/". New York, India, Belgium: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  63. ^ JetBlue Airways And Air China Announce New Partnership - Quick Facts
  64. ^ "(B6) JetBlue Airways On-Time Performance Scorecard". Flightstats.com. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  65. ^ "Partner airlines". JetBlue. 2012-04-22. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  66. ^ JetBlue Airways (2013-01-31). "JetBlue and Asiana Airlines Partner to Provide Easier Access to Asia" (Press release). PR Newswire. Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  67. ^ JetBlue and British Airways Connect Networks. Yahoo! Finance Canada. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  68. ^ [1][dead link]
  69. ^ "jetBlue Fleet". ch-aviation.ch. Retrieved 2013-10-25. 
  70. ^ "Our planes". jetblue.com. Retrieved 2013-08-05. 
  71. ^ 22 February 2014. "Jet Blue Airways Fleet in Planespotters.net". planespotters.net. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  72. ^ "Airbus gets commitment from JetBlue Airways for 40 A320neos". Washington Post. Retrieved June 22, 2011. [dead link]
  73. ^ JetBlue | Investor relations | 2013 Press Releases. Investor.jetblue.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  74. ^ http://blog.apex.aero/cms/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/JetBlue-1.jpg
  75. ^ a b 09 January 2014 (2014-01-09). "JetBlue Deal Marks 10,000th Airbus A320 Family Order | Airbus News & Events". Airbus.com. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  76. ^ "Airlines Outsourcing More Maintenance". Consumeraffairs.com. January 22, 2005. Retrieved April 25, 2012. 
  77. ^ "JetBlue Airways Announces New Aircraft Maintenance Contract With Empire Aero Center of Rome, NY". Investor.jetblue.com. December 11, 2006. Retrieved April 25, 2012. 
  78. ^ "JetBlue | Investor relations | Press Releases". Investor.jetblue.com. January 11, 2007. Retrieved April 25, 2012. 
  79. ^ "About JetBlue | AIRBUS A320". Jetblue.com. Retrieved April 25, 2012. 
  80. ^ "About JetBlue | EMBRAER 190". Jetblue.com. Retrieved April 25, 2012. 
  81. ^ "Jetblue Boston Marathon Invitational entry Essay Contest." JetBlue Airways. Retrieved on May 18, 2009.
  82. ^ a b Cuozzo, Steve. "JETBLUE TRIPLES SIZE OF ITS QUEENS OFFICES." New York Post. December 24, 2002. Retrieved on January 20, 2010. "74,000 square feet at 118–29 Queens Blvd., also known as Forest Hills Tower" and "Boulevard in Forest Hills – possibly the largest office lease in Queens this year. JetBlue was previously at 80–02 Kew Gardens Rd., across the street."
  83. ^ "Leave New York City? Fuggedaboutit!" JetBlue Airways. March 22, 2010. Retrieved on August 23, 2012.
  84. ^ Clarke, Sarah K. and Scott Powers. "Orlando is a front-runner for JetBlue headquarters." Orlando Sentinel. October 13, 2009. Retrieved on October 14, 2009.
  85. ^ Newman, Philip. "Forest Hills' JetBlue looks for new space around city." Forest Hills Ledger. Wednesday April 8, 2009. Retrieved on January 20, 2010.
  86. ^ Hafenbrack, Josh. "JetBlue considering move to Orlando." Orlando Sentinel. January 19, 2010. Retrieved on January 19, 2010.
  87. ^ "JetBlue CEO talks of moving headquarters to Orlando." Associated Press at USA Today. January 20, 2010. Retrieved on January 20, 2010.
  88. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben. "Will JetBlue move its headquarters from New York to Orlando?." USA Today. Retrieved on January 20, 2010.
  89. ^ JetBlue to remain 'New York's Hometown Airline' – Yahoo! Finance. Finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-22.
  90. ^ "JetBlue to Keep NYC Headquarters, Rejecting Orlando (Update3)." Bloomberg Businessweek. March 22, 2010. Retrieved on July 6, 2010.
  91. ^ "JetBlue Plants Its Flag in New York City with New Headquarters Location." JetBlue Airways. March 22, 2010. Retrieved on July 7, 2010.
  92. ^ "JetBlue Plans New Focus City At Orlando International Airport". JetBlue. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  93. ^ JetBlue Airways Open For Business . JetBlue. 01/11/2000. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  94. ^ JetBlue Decides Not To Charge For 24-Channel LiveTV Inflight Satellite Entertainment Service. JetBlue (July 25, 2000). Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  95. ^ Photo Release – JetBlue and Bliss Spa Say Buh-Bye to Red-Eye, Hello to Shut-Eye Service: Shut-Eye Service Tailored for Customers on Trans-Continental Night Flights. Investor.jetblue.com (April 4, 2006). Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  96. ^ a b JetBluePress Releases. Jetblue.com. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  97. ^ Blue Turns Green as JetBlue Airways Unveils Specially Painted Airbus A320 Aircraft Paying Homage to the New York Jets. Investor.jetblue.com. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  98. ^ Elliott, Stewart. "JetBlue Pokes Fun at the Competition"; New York Times. Oct. 13, 2010. Web. Nov. 11, 2010
  99. ^ Zeller Jr., Tom. "Held Hostage on the Tarmac: Time for A Passenger Bill of Rights?, The Lede Blog – NYTimes.com. Feb. 16, 2007. Web. Nov. 11, 2010.
  100. ^ Jaffe, By Matthew. "JetBlue Offers Passengers Bill of Rights – ABC News". ABC News. Feb. 20, 2007. Web. Nov. 11, 2010.
  101. ^ "TrueBlue program: Jet more and earn award flights". JetBlue. Retrieved October 23, 2011. 
  102. ^ "New TrueBlue program". JetBlue. Retrieved October 23, 2011. 
  103. ^ JetBlue's Revamped TrueBlue Program Touches Down. Investor.jetblue.com. November 11, 2009. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  104. ^ JetBlue | TrueBlue: Frequently asked questions. Trueblue.jetblue.com. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  105. ^ "JetBlue | TrueBlue: Start earning". Trueblue.jetblue.com. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  106. ^ "JetBlue | TrueBlue: Reasons to join". Trueblue.jetblue.com. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  107. ^ LAX05IA312. Ntsb.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  108. ^ FBI — JetBlue Pilot Charged with Interference with a Flight Crew
  109. ^ Osbon Complaint Affidavit
  110. ^ Nicas, Jack; Pasztor, Andy (28 March 2012). "JetBlue Captain's 'Medical Situation' Diverts Flight". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]