|Birth name||Terence Harris|
6 July 1939|
Kingsbury, North London, England
|Died||18 March 2011
|Instruments||Bass guitar (4 & 6 string), guitar|
|Associated acts||The Shadows, Jeff Beck Group, The Vipers Skiffle Group|
Terence Harris MBE (6 July 1939 – 18 March 2011), known as Jet Harris, was an English musician. He was the bass guitarist of The Shadows until April 1962, and had subsequent success as a soloist and as a duo with the drummer Tony Meehan.
Early life and career with the Shadows
Harris, the only child of Bill and Winifred Harris, was born Terence Harris at Honeypot Lane, Kingsbury, North London, England. His prowess as a sprinter at Dudden Hill secondary modern school earned him the nickname Jet.
Although he learned to play clarinet as a teenager, he made his own four-string double bass to play in a jazz group and later graduated to a professionally made double bass. In 1958, while playing jazz with drummer Tony Crombie and his group the Rockets, Crombie got a Framus bass guitar for Harris, making him one of the first British exponents of the instrument. He subsequently was given by Cliff Richard the first Fender Bass (sunburst) guitar in the UK in 1960 about a year after band-mate Hank Marvin had received his first red Fender Stratocaster guitar. Both instruments were eventually replaced with matching versions, used in the film The Young Ones in which The Shadows played "The Savage" (showing the famous Shadows' walk) to an invited audience of teenagers.
He played in several groups including the Vipers Skiffle Group and the Most Brothers before, in 1959, joining Cliff Richard's backing group, the Drifters, who later changed their name to The Shadows at Harris's suggestion. In 1959, after the neck of his Framus was terminally damaged in a dressing room accident, he was presented by the importers with a Fender Precision Bass, one of the first to come to Britain from the United States.
In 1962, he left the Shadows following disagreements (documented in The Story of The Shadows, written by the group with Mike Read). He had been forced to resign (i.e. a constructive dismissal) after Bruce Welch made an offhand remark about his wife's ongoing affair with Richard. He had never been given time off from the Shadows during 1959–62 to facilitate a reconciliation with his wife and/or deal with his depression and alcoholism.
With Tony Meehan
He signed with Decca and released solo instrumental and vocal work with some success. Then, as part of a duo with former Shadows drummer Tony Meehan, he topped the UK Singles Chart for three weeks in early 1963 with "Diamonds". Harris and Meehan followed this with two further hit singles, "Scarlett O'Hara" (also written by Jerry Lordan) a UK No. 2, and "Applejack" (composed by Les Vandyke) reaching UK No. 4 also in 1963. Harris's solo singles were relatively unusual in that they made prominent use of the Fender Bass VI as a lead instrument, which was an idea he got from Big Jim Sullivan, and the best of them — "The Man With the Golden Arm" and "Man From Nowhere" — had a menacing, shuddering bass reminiscent of the best James Bond soundtracks. "Diamonds" and "Scarlett O'Hara" were each recorded using a Fender Bass VI. Harris was partly responsible for helping both Jimmy Page and John Paul Jones break into the music business. Page's first major session was as a rhythm guitarist on "Diamonds", in late 1962. After "Diamonds" became a hit, Harris and Meehan hired Jones to play bass in their touring band. There were several court appearances involving drunkenness and violent behaviour before the partnership with Meehan came to an abrupt end in September 1963 when a car crash (in which his girl-friend, singer Billie Davis, was also injured), meant that this success did not last long. Harris attempted a comeback as the Jet Harris Band, in 1966 and was briefly in the line-up of the Jeff Beck Group in 1967, but somewhat fell out of the music industry. He then worked variously as a labourer, bricklayer, porter in a hospital, bus conductor, and as a seller of cockles on the beach in Jersey. Jet and Tony also made two short cameo apparances in the black and white movie Live It Up, released in 1963. In the film, Jet and the Jetblacks played "Man From Nowhere", whilst the duo performed "(Doin' The) Hully Gully", a vocal track released as the flipside of their hit "Scarlett O'Hara".
Harris was declared bankrupt in 1988. The BBC reported that it took Harris 30 years of heavy drinking before he finally admitted to being an alcoholic and sought help. For many years Harris made a point in his stage shows of saying how long it had been since he quit drinking, winning applause from audiences who knew how it had wrecked his career in the 60s. Harris still played occasionally, with backing band the Diamonds or as a guest with the Rapiers, and teamed up with Tony Meehan for a support performance in Cliff Richard's 1989 'The Event' concerts.
In 1998, he was awarded a Fender Lifetime Achievement Award for his role in popularising the bass guitar in Britain. He appeared annually at Bruce Welch's 'Shadowmania' and tours each year with the Rapiers (a Shadows tribute band) who are recording artists in their own right. He recorded continuously from the late 1980s with a variety of collaborators including Tangent, Alan Jones (also an ex-Shadows bassist who retired due to a serious car accident), Bobby Graham and the Local Heroes. His previous problems with stage nerves had seemingly disappeared, and 2006 saw Harris's first single release in over forty years, "San Antonio". In 2010, Harris chose to begin appearing with the Shadowers for selected performances. Regular tour dates and recordings with the Shadowers, Brian "Licorice" Locking (Harris' successor in the Shadows) and Alan Jones, though discussed, never materialised due to Harris' poor health.
In 2007 Harris was invited by legendary UK singer Marty Wilde to be special guest on his 50th Anniversary tour. This culminated in an evening at the London Palladium with other guests including Wilde's daughters Kim and Roxanne, Justin Hayward of the Moody Blues, members of the original Wildcats – Big Jim Sullivan, Licorice Locking and Brian Bennett, who also joined Hank Marvin and Bruce Welch of the Shadows on stage with Wilde and his band the Wildcats (Neville Marten and Eddie Allen on guitar, Roger Newell bass, and Bryan Fitzpatrick, drums). The show's finale featured the closest thing to a Shadows reunion possible with Marvin, Welch, Harris and Brian Bennett (who in 1962 had replaced the late Tony Meehan) all appearing on stage with the show's company.
The evening was filmed and a DVD released, with Harris playing three tunes – "Diamonds", "Theme From Something Really Important" and "Scarlett O'Hara" – backed by the Wildcats.
So successful was this tour that Wilde repeated the invitation to join him on his 2010 Born To Rock And Roll tour, which finished in Basingstoke on 20 November. Harris has said that this was his most enjoyable working experience in years.
In 2010, Harris was presented with a special award from the US Fender guitar company for his services to their company in effectively launching their bass guitar in the UK in 1960.
Personal life and death
Harris had 5 sons and 1 daughter. He was a heavy smoker and died on 18 March 2011, two years after being diagnosed with cancer of unknown primary, at the home of his partner Janet Hemingway, in Winchester.
Members of pre-Shadows groups
- 1952 – School band
- Peter Newman (saxophone) + John Welsh (clarinet) + Jet Harris (bass) + Ray Edmunds (drums)
- 1956 – The Delinquents (jazz trio)
- ? (vocals) + ? (guitar) + Jet Harris (bass) + ? (drums)
- 1956–57 – Wee Willee Harris & Tony Crombie's Rockets
- ? (vocals) + ? (guitar) + Jet Harris (bass) + Tony Crombie (drums)
- 1958 – The Vipers (aka The Vipers Skiffle Group)
- 7" single (Liverpool Blues/Summertime Blues on Parlophone)
- Wally Whyton (vocals) + Johnny Booker (guitar) + Freddie Floyd (guitar) + Jet Harris (bass) + Tony Meehan (drums)
- 1958 – The Vipers – live concert
- Wally Whyton (vocals) + Johnny Booker (guitar) + Hank Marvin (guitar) + Jet Harris (bass) + Johnny Pilgrim (wb)[clarification needed]
- "Besame Mucho" (solo) b/w "Chills And Fever" – May 1962 (Decca F11466) UK No. 22
- "Main Title Theme (from The Man With the Golden Arm)" (solo) b/w "Some People" – August 1962 (Decca F11488) UK No. 12
- "Diamonds" b/w "Footstomp" (with Tony Meehan) – January 1963 (Decca F11563) UK No. 1
- "Scarlett O'Hara" b/w "(Doing the) Hully Gully" (with Tony Meehan) – April 1963 (Decca F11644) UK No. 2
- "Applejack" b/w "The Tall Texan" (with Tony Meehan) – September 1963 (Decca F11710) UK No. 4
- "Theme For a Fallen Idol" b/w "Guitar Man"
- "Big Bad Bass" b/w "Rifka" [Decca Records, 1964]
- "Diamonds" / "Big Bad Bass From Texas"
- "My Lady" / "You Don't Live Twice" – 1967 (Fontana TF 849) (arranged by Tony Meehan)
- "San Antonio" (solo) – 2006
- "Jet Harris / Wild One (Real Wild Child) – Decca
- Jet Harris – Decca DFE 8502
- Inside Jet Harris – Ellie Jay Records/ Castle Records (1977)
- Diamonds and Other Gems – Deram 820634-2 (1989)
- The Anniversary Album – Q Records (1992)
- Twelve Great Guitar Gems – Zing Records (1994)
- Live Over England – Zing Records (1996)
- Beyond The Shadow of a Doubt – Zing Records (1993)
- Two of a Kind (with Alan Jones) – Zing Records (1997)
- Tributes and Rarities – Zing Records (1995)
- One of Our Shadows is Missing (with The Local Heroes) (1998)
- The Phoenix Rises – Mustang Music (2001)
- Diamonds are Trumps – Solent Records (2002)
- The Journey – Crazy Lighthouse Records (2007)
- Driftin' with Cliff Richard, by J. Harris, R. Ellis and C. Richard
- The Shadows by Themselves by Royston Ellis with The Shadows. Consul Books. 1961. No ISBN.
- The Story of the Shadows by Mike Read. 1983. Elm Tree books. ISBN 0-241-10861-6.
- That Sound (From "Move It" on, the story of the magic sound of The Shadows), by R.Pistolesi, M. Addey & M.Mazzini. Publ: Vanni Lisanti. June 2000. No ISBN.
- The Complete Rock Family Rock Trees, by Pete Frame. Omnibus. ISBN 0-7119-6879-9.
- Guinness World Records: British Hit Singles and Albums (19th Edn), David Roberts. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- The Complete Book of the British Charts Singles and Albums, by Neil Warwick, Jon Kutner & Tony Brown, 3rd Edn. ISBN 978-1-84449-058-5.
- Jet Harris — Survivor, by Dave Nicolson, ISBN 978-0-9562679-0-0, 31 October 2009.
- Sheet music books
- The Jet Harris Guitar Book Francis Day & Hunter Ltd. No ISBN. (16 pages)
- "Biography by Richie Unterberger". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 18 March 2009.
- Telegraph obituary
- Independent obituary
- "Jet Harris obituary". www.guardian.co.uk. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
- Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 62. CN 5585.
- Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 112. CN 5585.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 244. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- "Jet Harris, 1939–2011". www.ledzeppelin.org. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
- Daily Telegraph obituary, 19 March 2011
- Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 124. CN 5585.
- Simon Cable (6 December 2008). "Out of The Shadows: Jet Harris isn't invited as Cliff Richard and the boys reunite for tour | Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "Jet Harris Fan Club". Jet Harris Fan Club. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- Ex-Shadows guitarist Jet Harris dies
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 2009.
- "Ex-Shadow guitarist Jet Harris dies « Express & Star". Expressandstar.com. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "Jet Harris, The Shadows bassist, dies aged 71". www.bbc.co.uk. 20111-03-18. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- Shadows guitarist Jet Harris dies
- "The Shadows bassist Jet Harris dies aged 71". www.nme.com. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
- "Jet Harris MBE Plaque Unveiling" Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- Jet Harris Memorial Fund
- jetharris.biz Official Site
- International Jet Harris fan club
- Jet Harris discography at Discogs
- Heritage Foundation