Willingdon and Jevington

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Willingdon and Jevington
The Red Lion Pub, Willingdon.jpg
The Red Lion, Willingdon, basis for the pub in George Orwell's Animal Farm.
Willingdon and Jevington is located in East Sussex
Willingdon and Jevington
Willingdon and Jevington
 Willingdon and Jevington shown within East Sussex
Area  10.6 km2 (4.1 sq mi) [1]
Population 6,156 (Parish-2007)[1]
   – density  1,511/sq mi (583/km2)
OS grid reference TQ590024
   – London  51 miles (82 km) NNW 
Civil parish Willingdon and Jevington
District Wealden
Shire county East Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EASTBOURNE, POLEGATE
Postcode district BN22, BN26
Dialling code 01323
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Eastbourne
Website Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex

Coordinates: 50°48′N 0°16′E / 50.80°N 0.26°E / 50.80; 0.26

Willingdon and Jevington is one of the civil parishes in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England.[2] The two villages lie one mile (1.6 km) south of Polegate. The two parishes, two decades ago, were separate; the merger of the two has produced a parish of over 6,000 people. Willingdon is part of the built-up area which is Eastbourne, and lies on the main A22 road, whilst Jevington is on a minor road leading to Friston.

The villages[edit]

Willingdon[edit]

The village pump, Upper Willingdon

Willingdon ancient ecclesiastical parish stretched across the entire north of the town of Eastbourne, reaching the English Channel at Langney Point. It included Hampden Park, now also part of the Eastbourne area. See map here:[3] Willingdon was the base for the local village of the same name in George Orwell's Animal Farm. The Red Lion Inn is also a real place in the village.

Willingdon is in fact two villages Upper Willingdon and Lower Willingdon.

The Red Lion pub, Upper Willingdon village

Jevington[edit]

Jevington lies on a minor road between Polegate and Friston. The Jevington parish church is dedicated to St Andrew[4] and contains Saxon elements (including a tower) as well as many other medieval architectural features, including a 14th-century font. A rare elm cultivar 'Serpentina' grows in the grounds.[5] The parish takes in the hamlet of Filching and also Wannock.

St.Andrew's Church, Jevington

The village pub is called The Eight Bells, and the Hungry Monk restaurant claims fame as the birthplace of banoffee pie.

Tapsell gate in the churchyard of St. Andrew's Church, Jevington

Wannock[edit]

Wannock sign. The road approaching Wannock from the direction of Polegate
Wannock Glen footpath

Wannock below the South Downs between the villages of Polegate and Jevington. It has a village hall, but no church, pub or shops. It has 300 suburban homes, mainly bungalows housing elderly residents. There were once two tea gardens in Wannock which were popular with coach parties visiting from nearby Eastbourne. A dance hall stood on stilts over the local beauty spot of Wannock Glen. Wannock may be a Saxon place name. According to one source, Wannock supposedly contains the element "Wan" from "Woden"[6][7] Wannock is mentioned in the Domesday Book and in an Napoleonic assessment/inventory of the British south coast defences. There is a manor Wannock Place, 2 medieval cottages and a cottage which was a watermill. One medieval cottage is called "Stream Cottage". The other mediaeval cottage is owned by Nigel Waterson, former local MP. Some house gardens still contain walnut tees. The area was once known for its walnut groves.

Filching[edit]

Filching Manor
Filching sign as seen approaching the hamlet from Jevington

Filching lies at the other end of the Wannock Glen from Wannock along the Polegate to Friston road. It consists of a few houses, Gibby's Tea Gardens, a chalk quarry and a Medieval Manor House. Filching Manor was built around 1450.

Filching Manor motor Museum near Polegate in East Sussex is the home of the last remaining intact Bluebird boat - K3 Rolls Royce engined speedboat driven by Sir Malcolm Campbell to take the world water speed record. This is the only world record boat surviving intact and well worth a visit. A long term restoration project is still ongoing.

The Museum also has Bluebird Electric 2 vehicle on display. It is advisable to telephone well in advance of any planned visit. The Museum is not open on a daily basis, although the owners of the Museum may take visits by appointment.

Filching Manor is also the site of the annual Jevington Fete, and it houses a public karting track (the Campbell Circuit) in the grounds for arrive and drive sessions, and other race events.

Landmarks[edit]

The parish contains Folkington Reservoir, a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), although the village of Folkington lies in the neighbouring Long Man parish. Folkington reservoir is a covered reservoir built within the chalk of the south downs. Its surrounding area contains a diverse chalk flora including the protected hairy mallow Althaea hirsuta.[8]

Other notes[edit]

The Polegate Airship Station was in the parish between July 1915 and April 1919.[9]

The Labour cabinet minister George Brown lived in the area and when elevated to the peerage became Lord George-Brown of Jevington.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 24 April 2008. 
  2. ^ OS Explorer map Eastbourne and Beachy Head Scale: 1:25 000. Publisher:Ordnance Survey – Southampton B2 edition. Publishing Date:2009. ISBN 978 0319240823
  3. ^ Parish boundaries
  4. ^ ,Jevington Church
  5. ^ Johnson, O. (1998). The Sussex Tree Book. Pomegranate Press, ISBN 0-9533493-0-6
  6. ^ Castleden, Rodney. 'The Wilmington Giant: The Quest For a Lost Myth. Turnstone Press, 1983, The University of Michigan. ISBN 0-85500-184-4, ISBN 978-0-85500-184-1. Length: 208 pages. page 62
  7. ^ 'Sussex archaeological Collections Relating to The History and Antiquities of The County, Volume 33'. Sussex Archaeological Society, 1883, the New York Public Library.
  8. ^ "Natural England - SSSI". English Nature. Retrieved 24 May 2008. 
  9. ^ Polegate Airship Station

External links[edit]

Media related to Willingdon and Jevington at Wikimedia Commons