Jewel Plummer Cobb

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Jewel Plummer Cobb (born January 17, 1924) is a distinguished American biologist, cancer researcher, and academic administrator. She served as president of California State University, Fullerton from 1981 to 1990.

Early life and education[edit]

Jewel Plummer was born in Chicago on January 17, 1924 to Frank V. Plummer, and Carriebel (Cole) Plummer. She is the great-granddaughter of a freed slave. Her grandfather was a pharmacist, her father Frank was a physician. Her mother Carriebel was a physical education teacher.[1] Cobb showed an early interest in science. She concentrated on biology in high school. Cobb matriculated at the University of Michigan in 1942, but unsatisfied with segregated housing for African-American students at Michigan, she transferred to Talladega College in Alabama, where she graduated with a B.A. in biology in 1945.[1]

Cobb initially was denied a fellowship for graduate study in biology at New York University because of her race. However, following a personal interview, she was granted the fellowship.[1] She received her M.S. degree from NYU in 1947 and her Ph.D. degree in cell physiology in 1950. In 1949 she was appointed an independent investigator at Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory.[1]

Following the receipt of her Ph.D. from NYU, Cobb held post-doctoral positions at the Harlem Hospital Cancer Research Foundation, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the National Cancer Institute.[1]

Research[edit]

Cobb's research included work on the relationship between melanin and skin damage, and on the effects of hormones, ultraviolet light, and chemotherapy agents on cell division. Cobb discovered that methotrexate was effective in the treatment of certain skin cancers, lung cancers, and childhood leukemia.[2] This drug continues to be used in chemotherapy to treat a wide range of cancers, and in lower doses to treat a number of autoimmune diseases.

Cobb directed the tissue culture laboratory at the University of Illinois from 1952 to 1954, and continued her research work as a faculty member at NYU from 1956 to 1960, and at Sarah Lawrence College from 1960 to 1969.[1]

Cobb has collaborated with numerous other researchers, including noted oncologist Jane C. Wright.

In recognition of her research achievements, Cobb was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences in 1974.[3] She was a member of the National Science Board from 1974 to 1980.[4]

Academic administration[edit]

Cobb began her career in academic administration in 1969 at Connecticut College, where she served as Dean of Arts and Sciences and professor of zoology until 1976. In 1976 she became Dean of Douglass College at Rutgers University, where she also was a professor of biological sciences. She served in this position until 1981, when she was appointed President of California State University, Fullerton. Cobb served as president at Cal State Fullerton until 1990 when, at the age of 66, she was forced to retire under a rule imposed that year by the then Chancellor of the California State University System, W. Ann Reynolds, which required all campus presidents 65 or older to retire.[5][6]

Cobb's presidency at Cal State Fullerton was notable for her success in obtaining funds for the construction of several new buildings on the campus. These included the Engineering Building, and the Computer Science Building constructed with state funds and the Ruby Gerontology Center, which was the first building on the campus constructed entirely with private donations. She also obtained funds for the construction of the first student residences on the campus. This student apartment complex has since been named in her honor. Cobb also negotiated an agreement with the Marriott Corporation and the city of Fullerton for lease of campus land for the construction of a hotel, which made available funds for the construction of a sports complex on the campus. In addition, much of the planning for the Science Laboratory Center, now Dan Black Hall, was done while Cobb was president.[7]

Cobb's tenure at Cal State Fullerton was not without controversy. Some members of the faculty were not comfortable with her emphasis on research and scholarly activities in addition to teaching on a campus where many felt that the primary mission was teaching. Her decision to enter into the agreement to build the hotel on campus and to add a satellite campus in the southern part of Orange County also generated criticism on campus. However, she brought both of these issues to the Faculty Senate for a vote in which her decisions were upheld.[8]

Cobb also received praise for her efforts to increase the enrollment of minority students on the campus, and for initiating programs to interest more minority students in careers in science and technology.[9]

During and following her presidency at Cal State Fullerton, Cobb received twenty-two honorary doctoral degrees, and she was invited to join the boards of several large corporations.[8]

Subsequent activities[edit]

Following her retirement from the presidency at Cal State Fullerton, Cobb was named California State University Trustee Professor at California State University, Los Angeles. In this position for several years she led a number of efforts to encourage minority middle school and high school students to pursue careers in science, technology, and engineering.[10] She also was named to the Caltech Board of Trustees, and currently is a Life Trustee at Caltech.[11]

Cobb now is fully retired and lives in New Jersey.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Cobb, Jewel Plummer (1924- )". The Black Past. Retrieved 2012-07-13. 
  2. ^ Stephan, Pam (March 29, 2010). "Jewel Plummer Cobb - Overcomer and Cancer Biologist". Breastcancer.about.com. Retrieved 2012-07-13. 
  3. ^ "Jewel Plummer Cobb". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 2012-07-13. 
  4. ^ "Jewel Plummer Cobb, Biologist". African American Registry. Retrieved 2012-07-13. 
  5. ^ Johnson, Ted (March 28, 1990). "FULLERTON : Truce Reached on CSF President Search". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-07-13. 
  6. ^ Lindgren, Kristina (July 28, 1990). "Cobb's Cal State Legacy: Minority, Campus Growth". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-07-13. 
  7. ^ "History Milestones of Cal State Fullerton". California State University, Fullerton. Retrieved 2012-07-13. 
  8. ^ a b Morgan, Lael (May 28, 1988). "Cal State Fullerton's Crown Jewel : Cobb's Accomplishments Calm Critics, but Her Dedication Is a Two-Edged Sword". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-07-13. 
  9. ^ "Fullerton Academic Senate minutes". Cal State Fullerton. November 20, 2003. Retrieved 2012-07-13. 
  10. ^ "CSU Trustee Professor at Cal State L.A. Receives the Inaugural Reginald Wilson Award". CSU Newsline. November 20, 2001. Retrieved 2012-07-13. 
  11. ^ "Trustee List - Caltech Board of Trustees". California Institute of Technology. Retrieved 2012-07-13. 
Academic offices
Preceded by
Miles D. McCarthy
President of California State University, Fullerton
1981–1990
Succeeded by
Milton A. Gordon

External links[edit]