Jewish Social Democratic Labour Party (Poalei Zion)

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The Jewish Social Democratic Labour Party (Poalei Zion) was a Zionist socialist political party in the Russian Empire and Ukraine. The party was founded in 1906 in Poltava. Members of the party participated in the government of Ukraine in 1917-20. It was part of the international Poalei Zion movement. Due to its position towards the October Revolution and being a strong supporter of the Russian Constituent Assembly, the party was banned from most of Soviets dominated by the RSDLP(b), but was not recognized illegal until 1928.[1][2]

The party suffered a major split in August 1919, when a dissident group formed the Jewish Communist Party (Poalei Zion). After the JCP(PZ) had merged into the Communist Party in 1922, the JSDLP(PZ) changed name to the Jewish Communist Labour Party (Poalei Zion). The party was completely banned and dissolved in 1928 when most of its member either joined the Communist movement or quit the party.[1][2]

Participation in Ukrainian politics[edit]

The party was represented in the Central Council of Ukraine in 1917 and in the Council of National Ministers of the Ukrainian National Republic (executive branch of the Ukrainian National Republic) the Poalist Abraham Revutsky was minister of Jewish affairs.[3] Another Poalist, Solomon Goldelman, was deputy minister of trade and industry and of labour in the Directory of the Ukrainian National Republic (state authority created by the Ukrainian National Union on 14 November 1918).[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b notes by William Chase, The Enemies within the Gates? The Comintern and the Stalinist Repression 1934-1939, Yale University Press, 2001, in the document: Chernomordik, Moisei Borisovich (1936). "Cadres Department memorandum on "Trotskyists and other hostile elements in the emigre community of the German CP."" (in English - transl. from Russian). Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  2. ^ a b Poale Zion in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine
  3. ^ Markus, Vasyl; Stakhiv, M.; Zhukovsky, A. "Council of National Ministers of the Ukrainian National Republic". Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984). Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  4. ^ Kubijovyč, Volodymyr; Markus, Vasyl. "Jews". Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1989). Retrieved 2009-11-08.