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|Jews and Judaism|
Jewish identity is the objective or subjective state of perceiving oneself as a Jew and as relating to being Jewish. Under the broader definition, the Jewish identity does not depend on whether or not a person is regarded as a Jew by others, or by an external set of religious, or legal, or sociological norms. Jewish identity does not need to imply religious orthodoxy. Accordingly, Jewish identity can be cultural in nature. Jewish identity can involve ties to the Jewish community. Traditional Judaism bases Jewishness on matriarchal descent. According to Jewish law (halacha), all those born of a Jewish mother are Jewish, regardless of personal beliefs or level of observance of Jewish law. Jews who are atheists may have Jewish identity. While the absolute majority of people with this identity are of Jewish ethnicity, people born from a mixed Jewish and non-Jewish background may have Jewish identity. (See also "half-Jewish".)
Jewish identity can be separated into three separate, independent parts:
- Ethnic/Ancestral Judaism (those of Ashkenazi, Sephardi, or Mizrahi Jewish ancestry, or more specifically, those Jews who by all secular accounts are the descendants of the those who were depopulated by the Romans in c.100 CE, resulting in the Jewish Diaspora)
- Religious Judaism (those Jews who follow the tenets of the Jewish religion)
- Cultural Judaism (those Jews who celebrate Jewish holidays and were "raised in a Jewish home").
A Cultural/Ancestral Concept 
Jewish identity can be cultural, religious, and/or through ancestry. There are religious, cultural and ancestral components to Jewish identity due to its fundamental non-proselytizing nature, as opposed to Christian or Muslim identity which are both "universal" religions in that they ascribe to the notion that their faith is meant to be spread throughout all of humanity, regardless of nationality, (and still are, though to a far lessor extent than throughout its history in the case of Christianity). However, Jewish identity is firmly intertwined with Jewish ancestry dating back to the historical Kingdom of Israel, which was largely depopulated by the Roman Empire c. first century AD, leading to what is known as today as the Jewish Diaspora.
Antisemitism and Jewish identity 
See also 
- Spinoza, Liberalism, and the Question of Jewish Identity. Yale University Press, 1997.
- Galatians 6:11, Romans 16:22, Colossians 4:18, 2 Thessalonians 3:17
- Love, Hate, and Jewish Identity, by Jonathan Sacks. First Things, November 1997.
- Leadel.NET - Leading Jewish Inspiration. What makes Jewish Identity on the web?
- HERMAN, Simon N. Jewish Identity: A Social Psychological Perspective. Transaction, 1977.
- GOLDBERG, David Theo & KRAUSZ, Michael. Jewish Identity. Temple University Press, 1993.
- Three Intellectuals and a People, by Laurent Cohen (an article about the Jewish Identity of Hannah Arendt, Gershom Scholem and Simone Weil). Eretz Acheret, 05/11/2009.