Jewlia

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Jewlia (Devanagari: जेवल्या) is the gotra (clan assigned to a Hindu at birth) of Jats (an Indian caste) found in Sikar district, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Jaipur, Ajmer, Tonk and Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India. A largely Jewlia village in Sikar district is 'Pura Chhoti' and 'Salamsingh ki Dhani'.

History[edit]

Evidence of the rule of the Jewlia clan of Jats is present in the Kishangarh inscription in Rajasthan. A Jewlia Jat chieftain had a chhatri constructed at Kishangarh. To the southwest of this chhatri is a victory pillar and a statue of a Jat chieftain of the Jewlia gotra, with an inscription of samvat 1111 (1054 AD). To the north of this chhatri, at a distance of 15 feet, there is an ancient masonry tank used to provide drinking water for cows, and a well, constructed from skillfully dressed and cut stones, demonstrating a high degree of talent in architecture. To the west of this chhatri is a huge pond spread over 50 bigha of land, also constructed by Jewlia Jat chieftains.

A gold coin was obtained in excavation near the above chhatri, engraved on one side with an image of the king with bow and arrow, and on the other side there with images of agni-kunda. The coin provides evidence for an ancestor of the present Jewlia clan being a king in the period prior to the 10th century.

References[edit]

  • Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition (1992), pages 725-729.