Jezzine

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Jezzine
جزين
View of Jezzine.jpg
Jezzine is located in Lebanon
Jezzine
Jezzine
Location in Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°32′N 35°35′E / 33.533°N 35.583°E / 33.533; 35.583
Country  Lebanon
Governorate South Governorate
District Jezzine District
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)

Jezzine (also spelled Jizzin, Arabic:جزين) is a town in Lebanon, located 22 km (14 mi) from Sidon and 40 km (25 mi) south of Beirut.[1] Surrounded by mountain peaks, pine forests, and at an average altitude of 950 m (3,117 ft), it is the main summer resort and tourist destination of South Lebanon. The town is also famous in Lebanon for its production of handmade, traditional cutlery and daggers with decorative inlays as well as the shrine of Our Lady of the Waterfall.

Demography[edit]

The inhabitants of Jezzine are mainly Catholic Christian followers of the Maronite Catholic Church or the Greek Melkite Catholic Church. The town is located on the slopes of Tumat Niha and is surrounded with pine forests, vineyards and orchards. From the top of the huge rocky promontory known as al Shir, the visitor enjoys a breathtaking view of the surrounding localities scattered in the midst of a fertile plain and protected by mountains.

Culture[edit]

Festivals

  • The Feast of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary is celebrated on August 15 of each year with grand religious and cultural festivities.
  • The Jezzine Summer Festival where Lebanon's top pop artists perform attracts hundreds of people each summer.

Libraries

  • The Jezzine Public Library was built in 1960 and underwent extensive refurbishment and reorganization in 2004.[2]

Theatres

  • Empire Jezzine, the local movie theatre plays the latest Hollywood and Lebanese film hits.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture

  • The production of pine nuts is the main agriculture product of Bkessine, the neighbor of Jezine, as this village has the largest pine field in the Middle East.

Handcrafts

  • Jezzine is internationally renowned for its handcrafted knives and other cutlery, made of inlaid mosaics and bone. The unique cutlery has been presented as gifts to dignitaries all over the world as a unique memento of Lebanon.[3]

Tourism

  • Jezzine is South Lebanon's primary summer resort. It is rich in natural beauty, featuring pine-forested valleys and mountain summits, ponds, and waterfalls. The town is known as the “City of Falls” because of its famous waterfalls, the Jezzine Falls.[3]

History[edit]

The name, Jezzine, derives from the Aramaic (Syriac) word, meaning "depot" or "store". Many historians believe that Jezzine served as a storing location for traders because of its strategic location on the caravan route that connected the ancient port city of Sidon to the Chouf, the Beqaa Valley, and to Syria.[3]

The Australian 7th Division, with British and Free French forces, supported by the Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Australian Navy, Royal Navy and Royal Air Force, fought for Jezzine against Vichy French forces in 1941.

Julián Slim Haddad, born in 1887 in Jezzine, emigrated to Mexico when he was 14 years old. In Mexico-City Julián would establish his enterprise Estrella de Oriente. One of his sons, Carlos Slim Helú, born on 28th of January 1940 in Mexico-City, inherited his fathers business talent and ultimately became the richest man in the world in 2007, according to Forbes magazine.

Landmarks[edit]

  • Jezzine's Waterfalls, some as high as 90 m (295 ft)
  • Our Lady of the Waterfall, a Marian shrine
  • The 400 years old Kanaan Family Palace
  • The Chir cliff that offers panoramic views of the forested mountains and one of Jezzine's waterfalls that drops 90 m over the cliff.[2]
  • The Grotto of Fakhreddin II

References[edit]

  1. ^ Profile of Jezzine - Jezzine - Lebanon - jizzine.com
  2. ^ a b http://download.destinationlebanon.com/destleb/Itineraries/Itinerary%203/3-L%20Jezzine.pdf
  3. ^ a b c Jezzine Lebanon

Coordinates: 33°32′N 35°35′E / 33.533°N 35.583°E / 33.533; 35.583