Jhabua State

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Jhabua State
झाबुआ
Princely State of British India

1584–1948

Flag of Jhabua

Flag

Location of Jhabua
Jhabua State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
Capital Jhabua
History
 -  Established 1584
 -  Accession to the Union of India 1948
Area
 -  1901 3,460 km2 (1,336 sq mi)
Population
 -  1901 80.889 
Density 0 /km2  (0.1 /sq mi)
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
Bhil girls in Jhabua.

Jhabua State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. It had its capital in Jhabua town. Most of the territory of the princely state was inhabited by the Bhil people, who constituted a majority of the population. Umarkot was a thikana or vassal state of Jhabua.[1]

History[edit]

Rao Bhirji, fifth son of Rao Jodha of Marwar, was the earliest known ancestor of the ruling family. The state of Jhabua was founded by his descendant, Kunwar Kesho Das or Kishan Das, in 1584. He was granted the title of Raja by Mughal Emperor Jahangir of Delhi as a reward for a successful campaign in Bengal, and for punishing the Bhil Chiefs of Jhabua, who had murdered an Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat. Its rulers were Rajputs of the Rathore dynasty.[2]

During British rule the state was under the Bhopawar Agency of the Central India Agency and in 1927 it became part of the Malwa Agency. After India's independence in 1947, Jhabua's last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 15 June 1948, and Jhabua became part of the newly created Madhya Bharat state, which in 1956 was merged into Madhya Pradesh.[3]

Rulers[edit]

The rulers of Jhabua were titled "Raja". They were granted a hereditary salute of 11 guns by the British.[4]

Rajas[edit]

  • 1584 - 1607 Kesho Das
  • 1607 - 1610 Karan Singh
  • 1610 - 1677 Man Singh
  • 1677 - 1723 Kushal Singh
  • 1723 - 1727 Anup Singh
  • 1727 - 1758 Sheo Singh (d. 1758)
  • 1758 - 1770 Bahadur Singh
  • 1770 - 1821 Bhim Singh (d. 1829)
  • 1821 - 1832 Pratap Singh (d. 1832)
  • 1832 - 1840 Ratan Singh (d. 1840)
  • Nov 1841 - 1895 Gopal Singh (b. 1841 - d. 1895)
  • 26 Apr 1895 - 1942 Udai Singh (b. 1875 - d. af.1945)
  • 1942 - 15 Aug 1947 Dhalip Singh (b. 1905 - d. 1965)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E / 22.77; 74.6