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Jhanjharpur Railway Station
|Elevation||59 m (194 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||
[[Jhanjharpur (Lok Sabhaconstituency)|Jhanjharpur]]
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||
[[Jhanjharpur (Vidhan Sabhaconstituency)|Jhanjharpur]]
Jhanjharpur is located in the foothills of the Himalayas, on the bank of the Kamala River. The river is formed from the confluence of two separate rivers, the Kamla and the Balan. The topography of this place is beautiful and the land is immensely fertile, which is the reason it is still surviving without any financial and economic structure. It is located on the foothills of the Himalayas, the impact is visible in its climate. If you walk straight from this place towards north on the globe, you will reach Mt. Everest. The place receives plenty of rainfall due to its geographical position.
The language spoken in this region is Maithili hence the people are called maithil (after the language) the famous festival of this region is janki naumi and mahadev puja.
Sarisab, Sarbasima, Naruar, Mahrail, Majhoura, Simra, Sukhet, Lalgang, kuchbi, and the catchment villages of this region have been the land of great thinkers of the nyaya and other philosophical traditions in Indian philosophy.
- 1 Demographics
- 2 Transport
- 3 Education
- 4 Geography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Culture
- 7 Languages
- 8 Assembly Results for Jhanjharpur Constituency
- 9 Members of Parliament
- 10 References
- 11 External links
As of 2011 India census, Jhanjharpur had a population of 24112. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Jhanjharpur has an average literacy rate of 47.97%, which is less than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 60.97%. and, female literacy is 34.05%. Darbhanga is a place where people of different languages and religions live. There are many lingual minorities which have contributed to the development of Jhanjharpur.
Patna has a humid subtropical climate with hot summers from late March to early June, the monsoon season from late June to late September and a mild winter from November to February.Highest temperature ever recorded is 46.6 °C(In,1966), lowest ever is 2.3 °C(In,2003) and highest rainfall was 204.5 mm(In,1997). The table below details historical monthly averages for climate variables.
|Climate data for Jhanjharpur|
|Average high °C (°F)||23.3
|Average low °C (°F)||9.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||19
Nearest Airport is Jaiprakash Narayan International Airport at Patna, 180 kms from here. Jhanjharpur is located on NH 57 and 40 km from Darbhanga. On India Railways map, Jhanjharpur is a junction having meter gauge services to Sakri, Nirmali and Lukaha. Sakri is well connected on rail network through Broad Gauge line.
Jhanjharpur has good educational background. This part of land produced so many engineers, doctors, bankers, IAS, IFS etc.
- Lalit Narayan Janta College, Jhanjharpur
- Parwati Laxmi Women's College, Jhanjharpur
- Kejriwal High School, Jhanjharpur
This is the most prestigious School in Jhanjharpur Area. It has a great infrastructure including library, laboratory and playground . All teachers are highly qualified and expert in their fields. Many students of this school secured top positions in matriculation examination. Recently in 2009, student of this school Mr. Prashant Kumar acquired 12th position in Bihar among 8.8 Lakhs students in 10th Class (matriculation) Bihar Board examination. Students of this school Mr. Prashant Kumar (2009 batch) and Mr. Hemant Kumar (2011 batch) got success in India's toughest engineering entrance examination (IIT-JEE) and took admission in IITs. It also produced many IAS, Doctors etc.
- Tibdewal High School, Jhanjharpur
- Don Bosco Convent School, Jhanjharpur
- Sacred Mission School, Jhanjharpur
- Parwati Laxmi Girls High School, Jhanjharpur
Primary and middle schools
- Ramkrishan Middle School, Jhanjharpur
- Kanhaiya Lal Middle School, Jhanjharpur, Kanholi
- Shanskar Bharti Public School, Jhanjharpur Purani Bazar
- Moon Light Public School, Jhanjharpur
- National Academy, Jhanjharpur
Jhanjharpur is located in the foothills of the Himalayas, on the bank of the Kamala River. The river is formed from the confluence of two separate rivers, the Kamla and the Balan, and is prone to flooding each year, around July. The bridge over the river was constructed by the British before India's independence.
There are seventeen wards in jhanjharpur Nagar Panchayat. Ward 8 Partapur is located near of Kamla Balan river.
With the new east-west corridor passing through Jhanjharpur, it is very well connected to east and west of Mithilanchal and Bihar. This will give it a geographical advantage and a chance to grow its economy which is majorly agrarian now.
Major crops grown in the area include rice, wheat, Potato, paan, Peas, Mustard, Onion, [[Sugar cane]]. Makhana is a popular food in the area, and there is some commercial growing in Jhanjharpur. Most of the local supplies of vegetables are locally grown.
Mango is most popular fruit of this area and available in large varieties. Maldah/Langda(Locally known as Safeda), Krishnbhog, Gulabkhas, Gopalbhog, Kalkatiya, Misri Parsad, Bombay, Mohar Thakur, Mohanbhog, Karpuriya, Sarhi, Suparia, Sajmaniya, Sukul, Bathua are commonly available varieties of mango.
Jhanjharpur's two main markets, 4 km apart, are the Jhanjharpur (R.S.) Market, also known as the New Market, and Jhanjharpur Purani Bazar. Other than those two, the villages in the area hold local weekly markets called Haats, which brings the latest produce from the farms, ponds and condiments etc. The Haats also have pottery and miscellaneous items including seeds, clothes etc. It is quite sufficient from that angle.
Jhanjharpur has a large market for medicines supplying the surrounding areas.
The Indra Puja festival is celebrated in the town and takes place over 10 days, during with the Lord Indra is worshipped, in a diverse cultural program. Dargah mela is also very famous fair its organized by Alpura & Tajpur villagers each & every Year on the date of Haz ( Yaumulhazz). ita celebrate on day before Bakrid (Id-Ul-azha). There is a tomb of Makhdu Shah Jahaniyan where the people of India, Nepal, Bhutan comes and demand their votive after completing the same they come with the votive-offers as they promise to Baba Makhdum Shah Jahaniyan. It is wonderful in itself.
Durga Puja and Kali Puja is mainly celebrated in the villages that make up the Jhanjharpur sub-district, as are other festivals, including Saraswati Puja, Chhath Puja, Videshwar Sthan, Bhairav Sthan,Kaithiniya, Gaurishankar and Banha Gaurishankar are famous Lord Shiva temple situated in Jhanjharpur Subdivision. The village of Pachahi is home to the temple of Maa Chamunda. Durga Puja Of Mithila Deep is the oldest Durga Pooja at Jhanjharpur . It was started at 1907 by Late Babu Mahasay Jha . There is a spendid temple with a vast campus of two acre land with a beautiful natural appearance situated at the southern part of the village.
Mithila, or Madhubani painting, which originated in the Mithila region, is a popular art form in the area, with Kameshawar Thakur of Raiyam Kothiya being a noted exponent of the art. Manoj Prasad a renowned freedom fighter also belongs to this village.
The style is named after Mithila, the homeland of the goddess Sita, and represents high moral values. Mithila Painting is famous among fashion designers. Students can learn about Mithila Painting from the J D Institute of Fashion Technology, National Institute of Fashion designing and other institutes.
- Urdu Md. Zubair Alam (Pirozgarh)
Assembly Results for Jhanjharpur Constituency
The period from 1970 to 1990 belonged to Jagannath Mishra and Congress Party. Jagannath Mishra also became the Chief minister of Bihar. Ironically, the seat is still in the Mishra family, with his son Nitish Mishra now an MLA from here, but he is now a member of JD(U), and not Congress.
|Year||Winner Name||Vote%||Party||Losing Candidate||Vote%||
|NOV-2010||NITISH MISHRA||57.65||JD(U)||JAGAT NARAYAN SINGH||
36.97 || RJD
|OCT-2005||NITISH MISHRA||46.95||JD(U)||RAM AUTAR CHAUDHARY||
27.88 || RJD
|FEB-2005||NITISH MISHRA||44.21||JD(U)||JAGDISH NA. CHAUDHARY||25.83||RJD|
|2000||JAGDISH NARAYAN CHAUDHARY||33.71||RJD||NITISH MISHRA||
23.84 || BJC(R)
|1995||RAMAWTAR CHAUDHARY||42.84||Jd||DEO CHANDRA JHA||19.76||INC|
|1990||JAGANNATH MISHRA||68.14||INC||ARUN KU. LAL DAS||28.90||JD|
|1985||JAGANNATH MISHRA||80.93||INC||RAS LAL YADAV||9.44||
|1980||JAGANNATH MISHRA||74.20||INC(I)||RAM DEO BHANDARI||
22.63 || JNP(SC)
|1977||JAGANNATH MISHRA||60.65||INC||JAGDISH NARAIN CHAUDHARY||31.83||JNP|
Members of Parliament
- 1977: Dhanik Lal Mandal, Janata Party
- 1980: Dhanik Lal Mandal, Janata Party (S)
- 1984: G.S. Rajhans, Indian National Congress
- 1989: Devendra Prasad Yadav, Janata Dal
- 1991: Devendra Prasad Yadav, Janata Dal
- 1996: Devendra Prasad Yadav, Janata Dal
- 1998: Surendra Prasad Yadav, Rashtriya Janata Dal
- 1999: Devendra Prasad Yadav, Rashtriya Janata Dal
- 2004: Devendra Prasad Yadav, Rashtriya Janata Dal
- 2009: Mangani Lal Mandal, Janata Dal (United)
- Extreme Weather Events In The Month Of September. Imd.gov.in. Retrieved on 2012-05-16.
- "Patna's minimum temperature dips 2.3 to degrees Celsius". The Times Of India. 16 January 2003.
- "Climatological Information for Patna". World Weather. Retrieved 2011-02-25.