Jhanjharpur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jhanjharpur
Town
Jhanjharpur Railway Station
Jhanjharpur Railway Station
Jhanjharpur is located in Bihar
Jhanjharpur
Jhanjharpur
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°16′N 86°17′E / 26.27°N 86.28°E / 26.27; 86.28Coordinates: 26°16′N 86°17′E / 26.27°N 86.28°E / 26.27; 86.28
Country  India
State Bihar
District Madhubani
Elevation 59 m (194 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 24,102
Languages
 • Official

Maithili, [[Hindi

language|Hindi]]
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituency

[[Jhanjharpur (Lok Sabha

constituency)|Jhanjharpur]]
Vidhan Sabha constituency

[[Jhanjharpur (Vidhan Sabha

constituency)|Jhanjharpur]]

Jhanjharpur is a town and headquarters of a sub-division in the Madhubani district of the state of Bihar, India.

Over – view Jhanjharpur is located in the foothills of the Himalayas, on the bank of the Kamala River. The river is formed from the confluence of two separate rivers, the Kamla and the Balan. The topography of this place is beautiful and the land is immensely fertile which is the reason it is still surviving without any financial and economic structure. It is located on the foothills of the Himalayas, the impact is visible in its climate. If you walk straight from this place towards north on the globe, you will reach Mt. Everest. The place receives plenty of rainfall due to its geographical position.

The language spoken in this region is Maithili hence the people are called maithil (after the language) the famous fistivele of this region is janki naumi and mahadev puja.

Sarisab,Sarbasima,Naruar, Mahrail,Majhoura,Simra,Sukhet, Lalgang, kuchbi, and the catchment villages of this region have been the land of great thinkers of the nyaya and other philosophical traditions in Indian philosophy.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census, Jhanjharpur had a population of 24102. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Jhanjharpur has an average literacy rate of 47.97%, which is less than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 60.97%. and, female literacy is 34.05%. Darbhanga is a place where people of different languages and religions live. There are many lingual minorities which have contributed to the development of Jhanjharpur.

Climate[edit]

Patna has a humid subtropical climate with hot summers from late March to early June, the monsoon season from late June to late September and a mild winter from November to February.Highest temperature ever recorded is 46.6 °C(In,1966),[1] lowest ever is 2.3 °C(In,2003)[2] and highest rainfall was 204.5 mm(In,1997).[1] The table below details historical monthly averages for climate variables.

Climate data for Jhanjharpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
26.5
(79.7)
32.6
(90.7)
37.7
(99.9)
38.9
(102)
36.7
(98.1)
33.0
(91.4)
32.4
(90.3)
32.3
(90.1)
31.5
(88.7)
28.8
(83.8)
24.7
(76.5)
31.53
(88.75)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.6
(52.9)
16.4
(61.5)
22.3
(72.1)
25.2
(77.4)
26.7
(80.1)
26.2
(79.2)
26.1
(79)
25.7
(78.3)
21.8
(71.2)
14.7
(58.5)
9.9
(49.8)
19.65
(67.37)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
11
(0.43)
11
(0.43)
8
(0.31)
33
(1.3)
134
(5.28)
306
(12.05)
274
(10.79)
227
(8.94)
94
(3.7)
9
(0.35)
4
(0.16)
1,130
(44.49)
Source: worldweather.org[3]

Transport[edit]

Jhanjharpur is located on NH 57. and 40 km from Darbhanga. Jhanjharpur is having a railway station and 2 meter gauge railroots towards Nirmali and Laukaha are originated from here.New Brize Nh 57 Macking.

Education[edit]

Jhanjharpur has good education background.This part of land produced so many engineer,doctor,bankers,IAS,IFS etc.

Colleges[edit]

  • Lalit Narayan Janta college, Jhanjhar Pur, Madhubani, Bihar
  • Parwati Laxmi Women's college
  • Kirti Narayan Kamakhya Sanskrit College, Mahrail, JHANJHARPUR.

Madhubani BIHAR

  • Shiv nandan Nand Kishore Mishra College ( Bhairabsthanm )
  • Parmeswari bina Sanskrit college,Andra thadi
  • P.D.K.J.College,Andara thadi
  • KANTIR JHA COLLEGE, HARRI
MPT High School

High schools[edit]

  • Janta harihar datt high school Gourgama (Established & land doneted by chairman Shri Bisheshwar Roy, Mangrouna)
  • Rajkiya Madhya Bidyalay Mangrouna
  • Sanskrit School Mangrouna
  • Rajkiya Madhy Bidyalay Sahuria ( Head Master-Mohan Kant Roy)
  • Mahanth Shree Radha Charan Das High School Chaunaraganj
  • Gopal Narayan High School, Bhairabsthan
  • Maa Durga High School, Naruar
  • Kejriwal High School, Jhanjharpur
  • Tibdewal High School, Jhanjharpur
  • Chandeshwar High School, Harari
  • Andharatharhi High School, Andharatharhi
  • Parwati Laxmi Girls high school, Jhanjharpur
  • BDA High School, Nanour
  • Lal Das High School Kharaua Arariya Sangram
  • Don Bosco Convent School, Jhanjharpur
  • Rajkrit Utkramit School, Karnpur
  • Shree Durga Middle School, Mahrail
  • jyan nikatan public school, mahrail
  • k.s.high school,Tamuriaa
  • Gopal Narayan High School Kothia Bhairavasthan

Primary and middle schools[edit]

  • Rajkrit Madhya Vidyalaya, Maibee
  • Rajkrit Prathmik Vidyalaya,Maibee
  • Rajkrit Utkramit Middle School, Sisauni
  • Phatak Middle School, Naruar
  • Chandeshwar Nath Middle School, Harari
  • Jeebachha Madhya Vidhyalaya, Simra
  • Girls Middle School, Simra
  • National Academy, Jhanjharpur
  • Khanjani Middle School, Raiyam
  • Shanskar Bharti Public School, Jhanjharpur Purani Bazar
  • Kanhaiya Lal Middle school
  • Ramkrishan middle school
  • Rajkrit Middle School- Alpura
  • Rajkiy Madhya Vidyalaya - Menhath
  • Madhya Vidyalaya - Gandharaian
  • Prathamik Vidyalaya banhitola Rakhawari
  • Middle School, Bistoul
  • Kanya Vidyalaya Bistoul
  • Utkrimit Girls Middle School, Mahinath Pur
  • Rajkiy Prathmik Vidyalaya, Mahinath Pur
  • Utkramit middle School,Belarahi.
  • Prathmik Vidyalaya Baliyari

¤Prathmik Vidyalaya Mohna.

  • Primari School Hainthibali
  • Middle School, Sant Nagar Head Master Hasirun Nisha
  • middle school Lakhnour
  • Parathnik vidhalaya Lakhnour koriyapatty

៛ Middle School Barsam

  • Prathamik Vidyalaya, Pattitola
  • Rajkrit Madhya Vidyalaya, Pattitola
  • Rajkiyakrit Madhya Vidyalaya, Kaithiniya
  • Primary School, Suriyahi, Kaithiniya,
  • Primary School, Lakshmipur, Kaithiniya
  • Rajkiyakrit Mahanth Amar Madhya Vidyalaya,GANGAPUR
  • Middle school Sant Nagar Head Master Hasirun Nisha

Geography[edit]

Jhanjharpur is located in the foothills of the Himalayas, on the bank of the Kamala River. The river is formed from the confluence of two separate rivers, the Kamla and the Balan, and is prone to flooding each year, around July. The bridge over the river was constructed by the British before India's independence.

The rail and road bridge over the Kamala River in Jhanjharpur

There are seventeen wards in jhanjharpur nagar panchayat.Ward 8 partapur is near of kamla balan river.

Economy[edit]

With the new east-west corridor passing through Jhanjharpur, it will become very well connected to east and west of mithilanchal and bihar. This will gve it a geographical advantage and a chance to grow its economy which is majorly agarian now.

Agriculture[edit]

Major crops grown in the area include rice, wheat, Potato, paan, Peas, Mustard, Onion, [[Sugar cane]]. Makhana is a popular food in the area, and there is some commercial growing in Jhanjharpur. Most of the local supplies of vegetables are locally grown.

Mango is most popular fruit of this area and available in large varieties. Maldah/Langda(Locally known as Safeda), Krishnbhog, Gulabkhas, Gopalbhog, Kalkatiya, Misri Parsad, Bombay, Mohar Thakur, Mohanbhog, Karpuriya, Sarhi, Suparia, Sajmaniya, Sukul, Bathua are commonly available varieties of mango.

Markets[edit]

Jhanjharpur's two main markets, 4 km apart, are the Jhanjharpur (R.S.) Market, also known as the New Market, and Jhanjharpur Purani Bazar. Other than those two, the villages in the area hold local weekly markets called haats which brings the latest produce from the fields, ponds and conditments etc. the haats also has pottery and miscellaneous items including seeds etc. It is quite sufficient from that angle.

Jhanjharpur also has a large market for medicines supplying the surrounding areas.

Culture[edit]

Religion[edit]

A sample of Madhubani Painting.

Indra Puja and Durga Puja are the main festivals celebrated annually in Jhanjharpur.

The Indra Puja festival is celebrated in the town and takes place over 10 days, during with the Lord Indra is worshipped, in a diverse cultural program. Dargah mela is also very famous fair its organized by Alpura & Tajpur villagers each & every Year on the date of Haz ( Yaumulhazz). ita celebrate on day before Bakrid (Id-Ul-azha). There is a tomb of Makhdu Shah Jahaniyan where the people of India, Nepal, Bhutan comes & demand their votive after completing the same they come with the votive-offers as they promise to Baba Makhdum Shah Jahaniyan.its wonderful in itself.

Durga Puja and Kali Puja is mainly celebrated in the villages that make up the Jhanjharpur sub-district, as are other festivals, including Saraswati Puja, Chhath Puja, Videshwar Sthan, Bhairav Sthan,Kaithiniya, Gaurishankar and Banha Gaurishankar are famous Lord Shiva temple situated in Jhanjharpur Subdivision. The village of Pachahi is home to the temple of Maa Chamunda.

Mithila Painting[edit]

Mithila, or Madhubani painting, which originated in the Mithila region, is a popular art form in the area, with Kameshawar Thakur of Raiyam Kothiya being a noted exponent of the art. Manoj Prasad a renowned freedom fighter also belongs to this village.

The style is named after Mithila, the homeland of the goddess Sita, and represents high moral values. Mithila Painting is famous among fashion designers. Students can learn about Mithila Painting from the J D Institute of Fashion Technology, National Institute of Fashion designing and other institutes.

Languages[edit]

  1. Maithili
  2. Hindi
  3. Sanskrit
  4. Urdu Md. Zubair Alam (Pirozgarh)

Assembly Results for Jhanjharpur Constituency[edit]

The period from 1970 to 1990 belonged to Jagannath Mishra and Congress Party. Jagannath Mishra also became the Chief minister of Bihar. Ironically, the seat is still in the Mishra family, with his son Nitish Mishra now an MLA from here, but he is now a member of JD(U), and not Congress.

Year Winner Name Vote% Party Losing Candidate Vote%

Party

NOV-2010 NITISH MISHRA 57.65 JD(U) JAGAT NARAYAN SINGH

36.97 || RJD

OCT-2005 NITISH MISHRA 46.95 JD(U) RAM AUTAR CHAUDHARY

27.88 || RJD

FEB-2005 NITISH MISHRA 44.21 JD(U) JAGDISH NA. CHAUDHARY 25.83 RJD
2000 JAGDISH NARAYAN CHAUDHARY 33.71 RJD NITISH MISHRA

23.84 || BJC(R)

1995 RAMAWTAR CHAUDHARY 42.84 Jd DEO CHANDRA JHA 19.76 INC
1990 JAGANNATH MISHRA 68.14 INC ARUN KU. LAL DAS 28.90 JD
1985 JAGANNATH MISHRA 80.93 INC RAS LAL YADAV 9.44

LKD

1980 JAGANNATH MISHRA 74.20 INC(I) RAM DEO BHANDARI

22.63 || JNP(SC)

1977 JAGANNATH MISHRA 60.65 INC JAGDISH NARAIN CHAUDHARY 31.83 JNP

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • 1977: Dhanik Lal Mandal, Janata Party
  • 1980: Dhanik Lal Mandal, Janata Party (S)
  • 1984: G.S. Rajhans, Indian National Congress
  • 1989: Devendra Prasad Yadav, Janata Dal
  • 1991: Devendra Prasad Yadav, Janata Dal
  • 1996: Devendra Prasad Yadav, Janata Dal
  • 1998: Surendra Prasad Yadav, Rashtriya Janata Dal
  • 1999: Devendra Prasad Yadav, Rashtriya Janata Dal
  • 2004: Devendra Prasad Yadav, Rashtriya Janata Dal
  • 2009: Mangani Lal Mandal, Janata Dal (United)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Extreme Weather Events In The Month Of September. Imd.gov.in. Retrieved on 2012-05-16.
  2. ^ "Patna's minimum temperature dips 2.3 to degrees Celsius". The Times Of India. 16 January 2003. 
  3. ^ "Climatological Information for Patna". World Weather. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 

External links[edit]