|— Mahanagar —|
|Nickname(s): City of Rani Lakshmi Bai
Gateway to Bundelkhand
|Founder||Raja of Orchha|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Mrs. Kiran Varma|
|Elevation||285 m (935 ft)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||.892 ♂/♀0|
|Avg. summer temperature||47 °C (117 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||4.0 °C (39.2 °F)|
Jhansi ( pronunciation (help·info)) Urdu ("جھانسی") is a historic city of northern India, located on the banks of the Pahuj or Pushpavati River, in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located in the region of Bundelkhand. Jhansi is the administrative headquarters of Jhansi District and Jhansi Division. The original walled city grew up around its stone fort, which crowns a neighboring rock. This district is on the banks of the Betwa River.
The city is situated between the rivers Pahuj and Betwa between North longitudes 24°11´ and 25°57´and East latitudes 78°10´and 79°25´. It has an average elevation of 284 metres (935 feet). The boundary of the city is irregular, the northern boundary being contiguous with that of the district of Jalaun. Jhansi is well connected to all other major towns in Uttar Pradesh by road and railway networks. It is about 415 km from New Delhi and 292 km from Lucknow, and is called the Gateway to Bundelkhand.
The National Highway Development Project has supported development of Jhansi. The north-south corridor connecting Kashmir to Kanyakumari passes through Jhansi as does the East-West corridor; consequently there has been a sudden rush to infrastructure and real estate development in the city. A greenfield airport development has been planned.
According to a legend the Raja of Orchha was sitting on the roof of his palace with his friend, the Raja of Jaitpur, and asked the latter whether he could discern this new fort that he had built on Bangara hill, and he replied that he could see it 'jhainsi' (meaning rather indistinct). This name 'Jhainsi' in course of time became corrupted to 'Jhansi'. It was one of the most strategically situated forts of central India being built on an elevated rock rising out of the plain and commanding the city and the surrounding country.
Early history 
Jhansi was a stronghold of the Chandela kings. Balwant Nagar was the name of this place. But in 11th century Jhansi lost its importance. In 17th century under Raja Bir Singh Deo 1ST(REIGN PERIOD 1605 TO 1627) of Orchha (Jhansi) again rose to prominence. Raja Bir Singh Deo had good relations with the Mughal emperor Jehangir. In five year construction period (1613 to 1618) Raja Bir Singh Deo got constructed the Jhansi fort and arround it got established a BALWANT NAGAR which lateron named jhansi.A SILVER RUPEE COIN MINTED IN THE NAME OF BALWANTNAGAR IN THE REIGN OF SHAHALAM 2ND FOR THE REGIONAL YEAR 11 IS WITH SHRI HM DUBEY AT JHANSI.RAJA BIR SINGH JI DEO EXPIRED in 1627. After his death his son JuJhar Singh succeeded him. SHRI BIRSINGH JI DEO WAS A BRAVE KING.THERE WERE 81 PARGANA AND 12500 VILLAGES UNDER HIS REIGN WITH A REVENUE INCOME OF RS TWO CRORES PER YEAR. A silver Coin of Shah Alam II RY 11.jpg Maharaja Chattrasal Bundela of Panna was beset by incursions into the Bundela country by the Muslim governors of the Mughal empire; in 1729 Mohammed Khan Bangash attacked Chattrasal. In 1732 Chhatrasal, the Bundela king, a good administrator and a brave warrior, called in the aid of the Hindu Marathas. Peshwa Baji Rao (I) helped Maharaja Chattrasal and defeated the Mughal army, and Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao (I) was rewarded by the bequest of one-third of the Maharaja's dominions upon his death two years later (Jhansi was included in this part). The Maratha general developed the city of Jhansi, and peopled it with inhabitants from Orchha state. In 1742 Naroshanker was made the subedar of Jhansi. During his tenure of 15 years he not only extended the Jhansi fort which was of strategic importance but also constructed some other buildings. The extended part of the fort is called Shankergarh. In 1757 Naroshanker was called back by the Peshwa; his successor was Madhav Govind Kakirde who was himself succeeded by Babulal Kanahai. Next in the line of subedars was Vishwas Rao Laxman (1766-1769) who was followed by Raghunath Rao (II) Newalkar. He was a very able administrator and succeeded in increasing the revenue of the state. The MahaLakshmi Temple and the Raghunath Temple were built by him. In 1804 British protection was promised to the Maratha subedar[who?] resulting in his de facto independence of the Peshwa in Pune and a treaty of 1817 between the Peshwa and the British East India Company meant that he no longer claimed rights in Bundelkhand.
1817 - 1856 
In 1817 the Maratha Peshwa in Pune had ceded all his rights over Bundelkhand to the Company. After the death of Shiv Rao his grandson Ramchandra Rao was made subedar of Jhansi.[when?] He was not a good administrator. Ramchandra Rao died in 1835. After his death Raghunath Rao (III) was made his successor. In 1835 he was favoured with the title "Maharajahdhiraj Fidvi Badshah Jamjah Inglistan". On the death of that raja his widow adopted a son of her sister which however was followed by him being passed over (which was in accordance with Hindu tradition) so that another prince became raja. The new raja Raghunath Rao (III) was so incapable and dissolute that the administration came under British control while he himself remained raja. On his death in 1838 the British rulers then accepted Ganghadar Rao (a 'natural son' of the raja) as the Raja of Jhansi in 1843. Due to the inefficient administration during the period of Raghunath Rao (III) the financial position of Jhansi was very critical. However the raja was a cultured man who was able to enrich the architecture of the city and acquire a fine library of Sanskrit manuscripts, though he was without issue. Raja Ganghadar Rao adopted a child called Anand Rao, the son of his cousin, who was renamed Damodar Rao, on the day before he died. The adoption was in the presence of the British political officer who was given a letter from the raja requesting that the child should be treated with kindness and that the government of Jhansi should be given to his widow for her lifetime. After the death of the raja in November 1853 because Damodar Rao was adopted, the British East India Company, under Governor-General Lord Dalhousie, applied the Doctrine of Lapse, rejecting Damodar Rao's claim to the throne and annexing the state to its territories. The Jhansi state and the Jalaun and Chanderi districts were then formed into a superintendency. In March 1854, Lakshmibai was given a pension of Rs. 60,000 and ordered to leave the palace and the fort. Rani Lakshmibai, widow of the Raja, petitioned the Governor General and then the British government that Damodar Rao's claim to the throne should be recognised. She was also displeased because the slaughter of cattle was now permitted in the Jhansi territory.
1857 - 1858 
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 accordingly found Jhansi ripe for rebellion. In June a few men of the 12th Bengal Native Infantry seized the fort containing the treasure and magazine, and massacred the European officers of the garrison along with their wives and children on 8 June 1857. The massacre is commemorated in the poem 'In the Round Tower at Jhansi, 8 June 1857' by Christina Rossetti, in which a British army officer takes his wife's life and his own so that they do not have to face a horrific and dishonourable death at the hands of the rebelling sepoys. Four days after the massacre the sepoys left Jhansi having obtained a large sum of money from the Rani, and having threatened to blow up the palace where she lived. Following this as the only source of authority in the city the Rani felt obliged to assume the administration and wrote to Major Erskine, commissioner of the Saugor division explaining the events which had led her to do so. On July 2 Erskine wrote in reply that he requested her to "manage the District for the British Government" until the arrival of a British Superintendent. The Rani's forces defeated an attempt by the mutineers to assert the claim to the throne of a rival prince who was captured and imprisoned. There was then an invasion of Jhansi by the forces of Orchha and Datia (allies of the British); their intention however was to divide Jhansi between them. The Rani appealed to the British for aid but it was now believed that she was responsible for the massacre and no reply was received. She assembled forces including some from former feudatories of Jhansi and elements of the mutineers which were able to defeat the invaders in August 1857. Her intention at this time was still to hold Jhansi on behalf of the British.
From August 1857 to January 1858 Jhansi under the Rani's rule was at peace. The British had announced that troops would be sent there to maintain control but the fact that none arrived strengthened the position of a party of her advisers who wanted independence from British rule. When the British forces finally arrived in March they found it well defended and the fort had heavy guns which could fire over the town and nearby countryside. Sir Hugh Rose, commanding the British forces, demanded the surrender of the city; if this was refused it would be destroyed. After due deliberation the Rani issued a proclamation: "We fight for independence. In the words of Lord Krishna, we will if we are victorious, enjoy the fruits of victory, if defeated and killed on the field of battle, we shall surely earn eternal glory and salvation." She defended Jhansi against British troops when Sir Hugh Rose besieged Jhansi on 23 March 1858. The bombardment began on 24 March but was met by heavy return fire and the damaged defences were repaired. The defenders sent appeals for help to Tatya Tope. An army of more than 20,000, headed by Tatya Tope, was sent to relieve Jhansi but they failed to do so when they fought the British on 31 March. During the battle with Tatya Tope's forces part of the British forces continued the siege and by 2 April it was decided to launch an assault by a breach in the walls. Four columns assaulted the defences at different points and those attempting to scale the walls came under heavy fire. Two other columns had already entered the city and were approaching the palace together. Determined resistance was encountered in every street and in every room of the palace. Street fighting continued into the following day and no quarter was given, even to women and children. "No maudlin clemency was to mark the fall of the city" wrote Thomas Lowe. The Rani withdrew from the palace to the fort and after taking counsel decided that since resistance in the city was useless she must leave and join either Tatya Tope or Rao Sahib (Nana Sahib's nephew). The Rani escaped in the night with her son, surrounded by guards. Rani Lakshmibai died in battle at Gwalior on 18 June. It was not until November, 1858 that Jhansi was brought under British control.
1859 - present 
In 1861 the city and a dependent territory was ceded to Gwalior State and the capital of the district was moved to Jhansi Naoabad (Jhansi Refounded), a village without "cantonment" (military camp). Jhansi (the old city) became the capital of a "subah" (provínce) within the state of Gwalior, but in 1886 was returned to British rule in exchange for the Gwalior Fort and the cantonment of Morar nearby. (It had been given to the Maharaja of Gwalior, but came under British rule in 1886 as the result of a territorial swap.)
According to the 2011 census, Jhansi has a population of 507,293 and its Urban Agglomeration 549,391. As of 2011 82% of the population are Hindu, 14.5% are Muslims, 2.0% are Christians and the rest 1.5% are Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists. Jhansi city has 85th rank among the most populated cities of India, according to the 2011 Census. The literacy rate of Jhansi is 63.81%, much lower than the national average.
Geography and climate 
Jhansi is located at 25.4333 N 78.5833 E. It has an average elevation of 284 metres (935 feet). Jhansi lies on the plateau of central India, an area dominated by rocky relief and minerals underneath the soil. The city has a natural slope in the north as it is on the south western border of the vast Tarai plains of Uttar Pradesh and the elevation rises on the south.
The land is suitable for species of citrus fruit and crops include wheat, pulses, peas, and oilseeds. The region relies heavily on Monsoon rains for irrigation purposes. Under an ambitious canal project (the Rajghat canal), the government is constructing a network of canals for irrigation in Jhansi and Lalitpur and some part of Madhya Pradesh. The trade in agricultural products (including grain and oilseeds) is of great economic importance. The city is also a centre of brassware manufacture.
Being on a rocky plateau, Jhansi experiences extreme temperatures. Winter begins in October with the retreat of the Southwest Monsoon (Jhansi does not experience any rainfall from the Northeast Monsoon) and peaks in mid-December. The mercury generally reads about 4 degrees minimum and 21 degrees maximum. Spring arrives by the end of February and is a short-lived phase of transition. Summer begins by April and summer temperatures can peak at 47 degrees in May. The rainy season starts by the third week of June (although this is variable year to year). Monsoon rains gradually weaken in September and the season ends by the last week of September. In the rainy season, the average daily high temperature hovers around 36 degrees Celsius with high humidity. The average rainfall for the city is about 900 mm per year, occurring almost entirely within the three-and-a-half months of the Southwest Monsoon. In summer Jhansi experiences temperatures as high as 45-47 degrees and in winter the temperatures fall as low as 0-1 degrees (recorded in winter 2011).
|Climate data for Jhansi|
|Average high °C (°F)||23
|Average low °C (°F)||7
|Precipitation mm (inches)||22
|Source: Jhansi Weather|
Places of Interest 
Jhansi Fort 
The early 17th century fort was made by Raja Bir Singh on top of a hill khnown as Bangara as an army stronghold. The Karak Bijli tank is within the fort. There is also a museum which has a collection of sculpture and provides an insight into the history of Bundelkhand.
Government Museum; and Rani Mahal 
In the Government Museum there are collections of weapons, statues, dresses and photographs that represent the Chandela dynasty and a picture gallery of the Gupta period. There are also terracottas, bronzes, manuscripts, paintings and coins. Closed on Mondays and second Saturday of every month.
The Rani Mahal was the palace of Rani Laxmi Bai and has now been converted into a museum. It houses a collection of archaeological remains of the period between the 9th and 12th centuries AD.
Other places of interest 
Temples: Laxmi Temple; Shri Kali Temple; Karguan Jain Temple.--Christian churches: Shrine of St. Jude Church; St Antony's Cathedral.--Gangadhar Rao-Ki-Chhatri (tomb).--Laxmi Bai Park; Narayan Bagh; Jari Ka Math; Barua Sagar & Fort; Garhmau Lake.
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Educational institutions include: SR Group of Institutions, Jhansi; Dr Shri Radhakrishnan Inter College Jhansi; Lord Mahakaleshwar Inter College; Margaret Leask Memorial English School; Shemford Futuristic School; and Christ the King College, Jhansi.
Higher education 
- Bundelkhand University is a public university founded in 1975 which has professional, technical and vocational study programmes along with facilities for research. The university has among others these Affiliated Colleges:
- Arya Kanya College; B.J.J.R. Institute of Law; Bipin Bihari College; Bundelkhand College; College of Science and Engineering; Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya Mahila Mahavidyalaya; Hari Singh Arya Mahavidyalaya; Guru Harkishna Degree College; Sharda Devi Degree College; Swami Vivekanand College
Medical colleges 
- Maharani Laxmi Bai Medical College is affiliated to Bundelkhand University and was established in 1968.
- Bundelkhand Govt. Ayurvedic College & Hospital, Gwalior Road.
- Vidyavati College of Pharmacy, Jhansi.
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- The Cathedral College, Jhansi
- Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Science Inter College (Khera, Premnagar)
- Janak Inter College (Ambedkar Nagar, Khera, Nagra)
- Don Bosco College (Premnagar)
- Saint Umar Inter College (Premnagar)
- M. S. Rajput Inter College (4 Kamba, Nagra)
- Maharaja Agrasen Saraswati Vidya Mandir (Shivpuri Road, Jhansi)
- Rani Lakshmibai Public School (Jhansi Cantt.)
- St Mark's School (Sipri)
- St Mark's College, Jhansi (Jhansi Cantt.)
- Jacob High School, (Sipri Bazar, Jhansi.)
- Kendriya Vidyalaya (No. 1, 2 and 3.)
- Saraswati Pathshala Industrial Inter College (SPI), civil lines.
- Saraswati Inter College, (Sipri Bazar)
- Sanatan Dharma Kanya Inter College (Sipri Bazar.)
- Lokmanya Tilak Kanya Inter College (city area.)
- Government Inter College, (Gwalior road.)
- Arya Kanya Inter College, (Sipri bazaar.)
- Bipin Bihari Inter College, (Khushipura.)
- L.V.M. Inter College, (city area)
- Bhani Devi Goyal Saraswati Vidya Mandir, (Unnao-Balaji road.)
- Saraswati Balika Vidya Mandir, (Datia gate.)
- Shri Guru Nanak Khalsa Inter College, (Sipri bazaar.)
- Modern Public School, (civil lines.)
- Christian Inter College, Jhokan bagh, Jhansi
- Sun International School, (Kanpur road.)
- Nirmala Convent High School,(premnagar.)
- St.Jude's Inter college,(Premnagar.)
- Gyan Sthaly Public Inter College, (Shivaji Nagar.)
- Army Public School, (Jhansi Cantt.)
- BHEL Siksha Niketan, (BHEL, Jhansi.)
- St. Xaviers School, BHEL, (Jhansi.)
- St. Francis' Convent Inter College, (Jhansi cantt.)
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, (Jhansi)
- Pt. Vasudev Tiwari Girls Inter College, (Near Sahar Kotwali, Jhansi)
- KIDZEE Zee School , (Awas vikas colony shivpuri road Jhansi)
- MOUNT LITERA ZEE SCHOOL, (Tubewell road khati baba Jhansi)
- SUNNY CONVENT INTER COLLEGE, (Nandnpura Jhansi)
- St.Umar Inter College(premnagar,nagra)
- Hafiz Siddique National Inter College (elite)
- Faiz-E-Aam Convent School (Nandanpura)
- Dr. S. Radhakrishnan Inter College (Deen Dayal Nagar)
- St. Mary's Inter College (Masiha Ganj)
- Khalsa Inter College Jhansi
- Mahatma Hansraj Modern School(shivpuri road)
- Christ The King College, Jhansi
- Bundelkhand Institute of Engineering and Technology (Hindi: बुन्देलखण्ड अभियान्त्रिकी एवं प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान ) is a government-funded autonomous engineering college in Jhansi. It is a constituent college of Gautam Buddha Technical University and is recognised by the All India Council for Technical Education. It was established in 1986 by the government of Uttar Pradesh.
- College of Science and Engineering
Polytechnic & ITI 
- Govt. Polytechnic, Jhansi (Gwalior Road)
- Govt. Mahila Polytechnic, Jhansi (Gwalior Road)
- Baba Saheb Ambedkar Polytechnic, (Sivpuri Road)
- Govt.ITI, Jhansi
Science College 
- Bipin Behari Post Graduate College, (Near Govind Chauraha)
- Government Girls Post Graduate College, (Near Kachehri Chauraha)
- Arya Kanya Girls Post Graduate College, (Sipri bazaar)
- Pt.Vasudev Tiwari Girls Degree college, (Near Kotwali Shehar, Jhansi)
- College of Science and Engineering, (Ambabai, Jhansi)
NGO in Bundelkhand 
- GLOBAL LIFE CARE FOUNDATION, (Siddeshwer Nagar, Near ITI, Jhansi)
- BHARTIYA UTTHAN AND VIKAS SANSTHA, (Hanuman Temple Near ITI Sipri Bazar, Jhansi)
- Life Vision Society (Siddeshwer Nagar, Sipri bazar, Jhansi)
- Gramind Evam Shahari Vikash Society (Add Reg. Office B-536 Awash Vikash Colony Nandanpura Jhansi Postl) (Add 135/7 Nainagarh Nagra, Jhansi UP)
- Adan Charitable Education Society, (37 Mahaveeranpura Nagra Jhansi) Mob:09794521682.
Shopping Area 
The city has Provided very good markets in jhansi city.
- City(Shehar) Bazar
- Sadar Bazar
- Sipri Bazar
- Nagra Bazar
- Bada Bazar
- Manik Chowk
- Navin Mandi
- SG Mall (Opening Shortly)
- Vishal Mega Mart
- V Mart (Opening Shortly)
- Apna Bazar Mall (Under Construction)
And Of Some Under Construction.
- Khilona Cinema (Elite)
- Elite Cinema (Elite)
irrigation colony cinema Currently only two cinemas are Runnings in jhansi city.
- Multiplex & Shopping Compilex (A Project in Chitra Cenema)
- State Bank Of India
- HDFC Bank
- Punjab National Bank
- Allahabad Bank
- Bank of Baroda
- Bank of India
- Central Bank of India
- Syndicate Bank
- Vijaya Bank
- Other Rural & District Banks
- Corporation Bank
- ICICI Bank
- State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur
- Indian Oversesas Bank
- Union Bank of India
- Canara Bank
- Axis Bank
- United Bank Of India
- Dena Bank
- Bank Of Baroda
Banks ATM 
- State Bank Of India ATM
- Punjab National Bank ATM
- Central Bank of India ATM
- Indian Oversesas Bank ATM
- Union Bank of India ATM
- Axis Bank ATM
- Icici Bank
- HDFC Bank
- United Bank Of India
- Dena Bank
- Bank Of Baroda
- IDBI Bank
- Canara Bank
- Bank Of India
Radio Stations 
- 92.7 Big FM
- 103.0 Air FM
City Transport 
Jhansi city is well connected to all parts of the jhansi mahanagar.
- Kiraya around Jhansi Mahanagar--
- Nagra,Kehra,Mahaviran,Haat ka madan To Sipri (7 Rupee)
- Sipri To Elite (5 Rupee)
- Sipri To BKD (5 Rupee)
- Sipri TO Aavas Vikas,Nandanpura (5 Rupee)
- Sipri To Sehar (8 Rupee)
- Elite TO Bus Stand (7 Rupee)
- Elite To Minirva Chok (7 Rupee)
- Elite To Railway Station (5 Rupee)
- Railway Station To 9 Number (5 Rupee)
And Many more.
- City Bus (Proposed)
- Private Taxi
- Tata Magic
And money more.
The city is well connected to other parts of India by railways and major highways.
Jhansi Junction has its own Division of the Indian North Central Railways. It is well connected by train services to all parts of the country, including four metropolitan cities. There are direct trains to Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata (Howrah), Chennai, Bangalore (Bengaluru), Trivandrum, Indore, Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Pune, Jammu, Jaipur, Lucknow, Bhopal, Mahoba, Khajuraho, Gaya, Jalgaon, Bhusaval, Jabalpur, Kanpur, Allahabad, Gorakhpur, Bandra and other major towns. A list of all train services passing through Jhansi Junction can be found here.
Jhansi Junction is a major railway junction in the city of Jhansi in Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh. It is a major intercity hub and a technical stoppage for many superfast trains in India. Jhansi has its own division in the North Central Railway zone of Indian Railways. It lies on the main Delhi-Chennai and Delhi-Mumbai line. The station code is JHS.
The railway station was built by the British in the late 1880s. After a long survey of three places the current site was selected for the station. The station has a massive fort-like building painted in maroon and off white.
The station had three platforms in the beginning. ( Platform One is 2,525 feet (770 m) long making it the fifth longest in the world. It could easily handle two trains at a time (Same are the cases with platforms two and three).)
The first Shatabdi Express of India started between New Delhi and Jhansi.
Earlier Jhansi used to be a part of Central railways zone headquartered at Mumbai but now comes under NCR headquartered at Allahabad.
Jhansi Junction is linked with many industrial and important cities of India by direct trains like New Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Bhopal, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Jammu, Agra, Bhubaneshwar, Ahmedabad, etc.
Jhansi Junction is served by 4 broad gauge routes:
Demand for new trains 
1 (Night train between Jhansi and New Delhi.) 2 Intercity to Allahabad via Mahoba, Banda, Chitrakoot. 3 Janshatabdi/Intercity to Jabalpur or Katni to link Jhansi to south Bundelkhand cities like Sagar and Damoh. 4 extension of Agra Fort Ahmedabad express to Jhansi. 5 extension of Jaipur Agra Shatabdi to Jhansi .it would provide superfast connectivity to foreign tourists for Khajuraho.
Jhansi Junction has 7 platforms, 4 broad over-bridges. Due to heavy usage, two new platforms are planned, increasing the total to 11. Five pairs of the Rajdhani Express as well as the Bhopal - New Delhi Shatabdi Express pass through Jhansi.Three pairs of Duronto Express also have their technical stoppages at Jhansi. All state Sampark Krantis passing through Jhansi have official stops at Jhansi. In all more than 150 trains stop at Jhansi Junction everyday.
The station also features a restaurent, air-conditioned and non-air-conditioned waiting rooms, a cyber cafe, and tourist information offices of both the Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh governments. Outside the station also there is a passenger complex and canteen.
Two novels by John Masters are set in the fictional town of Bhowani. According to the author, writing in the Glossary to the earlier novel, Nightrunners of Bengal, Bhowani is an "imaginary town. To get a geographical bearing on the story it should be imagined to be about where Jhansi really is - 25.27 N., 78.33 E." Nightrunners of Bengal is set during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 at "Bhowani" (the title alludes to the mysterious distribution of "chapatis" to village headmen which preceded the revolt). Bhowani Junction is set in 1946/47 the eve of independence and in both novels the main character is Colonel Rodney Savage, a British army officer and part of a succession of such men from the same family.
Road transport 
Jhansi is located at the junction of these National Highways: NH-12A; NH-25; NH-26; NH-75; and NH-76. Thus, Jhansi commands a strategic position in the roadways network as highways in 5 different directions diverge from it.
The proposed north-south and east-west corridors of the Golden-Quadrilateral Highway project pass and cross each other only in Jhansi and the city is also well connected to Kanpur, Lucknow and Madhya Pradesh by road. The four lane national highway is at the last stage of its completion, giving a boom in infrastructure and other sectors in Jhansi and nearby areas;[when?] the greenery near this highway is attractive.
Air transport 
Jhansi Airport is a military aviation base built in the British era used by the Indian army and political visitors. Though there are provisions for private aircraft to land, there are no civil aviation operations. There had been a demand to make it operational for commercial purposes in the 1990s and again in the 2000s. The Uttar Pradesh government announced the construction of an all new civil aviation base to support tourism in Bundelkhand in April 2011. The Indian army maintains an objection to extension of the military aviation. So, the government has examined three different places other than army aviation base for the airport in Jhansi. Gwalior Airport is the nearest airport from Jhansi.
Armed forces 
Jhansi district has the headquarters of the 31st Indian Armoured Division of the Indian Army, stationed at Jhansi-Babina. It is an armoured division which has equipment like the T-72 and T-90 tanks, and the BMP-2 armoured personnel carrier.
The Jhansi Cantonment was the site of the accommodation for British civil and military personnel in the period of British rule in India. Within the cantonment is Sacred Heart Church, a Roman Catholic church built early in the 20th century.
- Major Dhyanchand Stadium
- Railway Stadium
- LVM Sports Place
Notable people associated with Jhansi 
- Rani Lakshmibai, queen consort of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao; regent and afterwards queen who led her people in defence of the city in 1858
- Maithili Sharan Gupt
- Dhyan Chand, hockey player for the national team of India
- B. B. Lal, renowned Indian archaeologist
See also 
- "Literacy rate". Web.archive.org. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Uttar Pradesh plans to develop Jhansi airport". igovernment.in. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- Edwardes (1975), p. 113
- Edwardes, Michael (1975) Red Year. London: Sphere Books, pp. 113-14
- "The death of Captain Skene and his wife" (4 quatrains long) by C. G. Rossetti is reprinted in an appendix to Red Year, by Michael Edwardes, 1975, as part of an appendix "The Muse and the Mutiny" (pp. 174-183) Skene was the British political officer stationed at Jhansi.
- Edwardes, Michael (1975) Red Year. London: Sphere Books, p. 118
- Edwardes, Michael (1975) Red Year. London: Sphere Books, p. 119
- Edwardes, Michael (1975) Red Year. London: Sphere Books, p. 117
- Edwardes, Michael (1975) Red Year. London: Sphere Books, pp. 117-19
- Edwardes, Michael (1975) Red Year. London: Sphere Books, p. 119, citing Vishnubhat Godse Majha Pravas, Poona, 1948, in Marathi; p. 67
- Edwardes, Michael (1975) Red Year. London: Sphere Books, p. 119
- Edwardes, Michael (1975) Red Year. London: Sphere Books, pp. 120-21
- Edwardes, Michael (1975) Red Year. London: Sphere Books, p. 121
- Rani of Jhansi, Rebel against will by Rainer Jerosch, published by Aakar Books 2007, chapters 5 and 6
- "Dschansi". Meyers Grosses Konversations-Lexikon. 1905-09. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
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- Manjul, Tarannum (1 April 2011). "New airport at Jhansi to boost tourism". indianexpress.com. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Jhansi|
- Jhansi District Official web site
- Jhansi Municipal Corporation Official web site
- Jhansi Development Authority Official web site
- Jhansi Cantonment Board Official web site
- Jhansi Jan Suvidha Kendra (Public Grievance Redressal System)
- Jhansi Online News & Community
- Jhansi Latest News @ Dainik Jagran
- Day by day account of Jhansi's role during the First Indian Rebellion
- Eminent people associated with Jhansi