Jharsuguda

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This article is about the municipality in Odisha, India. For its namesake district, see Jharsuguda district.
Jharsuguda
Industrial capital of Odisha
Town
Nickname(s): JSG
Jharsuguda is located in Odisha
Jharsuguda
Jharsuguda
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°51′N 84°02′E / 21.85°N 84.03°E / 21.85; 84.03Coordinates: 21°51′N 84°02′E / 21.85°N 84.03°E / 21.85; 84.03
Country  India
State Odisha
District Jharsuguda
Area
 • Total 223 km2 (86 sq mi)
Elevation 218 m (715 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 75,570
 • Density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Oriya
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 768202
Vehicle registration OR 23 -
Website jharsuguda.nic.in

Jharsuguda is the district headquarters of Jharsuguda district of Odisha, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Jharsuguda district. It is an upcoming industrial hub, basically in the metal and cement sectors. Jharsuguda is well connected to all major cities of India through the rail network. It is popularly known as the power house of Odisha due to large number of thermal power plants located nearby.

Geography and climate[edit]

Jharsuguda is located at 21°51′N 84°02′E / 21.85°N 84.03°E / 21.85; 84.03.[1] It has an average elevation of 218 metres (715 ft). Jharsuguda is situated at the western end of Odisha state. it is 515 km from Kolkata. State highway 10 and National highway 200 pass through Jharsuguda. The Ib River flows along the Western side of Jharsuguda town and the river Vheden flows in the south. The area of the town is 70.47 km2. and population of 579,499 (as per 2001 Census).

The town situated at 21.82° north longitude and 84.1° latitude at a height of 700–750 feet above mean sea level. The highest temperature recorded in summer is 48.0°C and it has an average rain fall of 1527 mm.

Climate data for Jharsuguda
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32
(90)
35
(95)
41
(106)
43
(109)
47
(117)
46
(115)
37
(99)
35
(95)
35
(95)
36
(97)
32
(90)
31
(88)
47
(117)
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
30
(86)
34
(93)
40
(104)
42
(108)
38
(100)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
28
(82)
32.8
(91.1)
Average low °C (°F) 12
(54)
15
(59)
18
(64)
24
(75)
27
(81)
28
(82)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
21
(70)
16
(61)
12
(54)
20.5
(68.9)
Record low °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
16
(61)
18
(64)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
15
(59)
12
(54)
7
(45)
7
(45)
Precipitation mm (inches) 18.6
(0.732)
21
(0.83)
13.5
(0.531)
21.3
(0.839)
42.2
(1.661)
221.0
(8.701)
377.4
(14.858)
409.6
(16.126)
241.9
(9.524)
58.7
(2.311)
13.8
(0.543)
6.0
(0.236)
1,445
(56.892)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.01) 1.4 1.5 1.5 2.0 3.3 9.7 16.1 16.8 11.2 3.6 0.8 0.5 68.4
 % humidity 61 55 45 40 40 61 86 86 85 77 67 64 63.9
Source #1: Weatherbase[2]
Source #2: IMD[3]

Culture[edit]

The culture of Jharsuguda is Oriya. Following is a list of major festivals celebrated in the town.

  • Nuakhai: This is an important festival for the people of Western Odisha. All the persons of a family gather during this period and eat together. After that, the younger take the blessings of elders and dance with friends.
  • Message-Always give the respect to elder and take the blessing from him
  • Bhai Jauntia: A Festival observe by the sisters of this region in which sister prays betterment of the brother.
  • Rath Yatra: Rath Yatra is celebrated in the town.[4]
  • Durga Puja: Durga Puja has been celebrated in public pandals in the town for more than half a century.Specilly Durga pandel of Chowki para and mangal bazar and puja by Sri Santimai mukhrajee in chowki para is very devotional.
  • Ganesh Puja: A 10-day public celebration of Ganesh Puja.
  • Diwali & Chhat: It is celebrated with great pomp and show.
  • Kirtan(Nama Yangya) (Sarbahal, Sahapada, Buromal and chowki para): People pray to Krishna and Ram. Villagers of Beherapat celebrate asta prahar nama yangya since1966 and also started in chowki para on 2013 help of Ashok Gej, Narayan Sahu, Sharme Ji e.t.c
  • The spoken languages in Jharsuguda Town are Kosli(Sambalpuri), Hindi and Oriya.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Vedanta Plant at Jharsuguda
Sterlite Plant at Jharsuguda

This cosmopolitan town is fast emerging as the economic hub of Odisha; the state government has formed a master plan for the city's development.[5] Jharsuguda has a unit of Ultratech Cement of the Aditya Birla Group at Dhutra, which is India's largest cement manufacturing company.[6] Many small- and medium-scale steel units are being set up in the town vicinity, including Bhushan Power & Steel Limited (Thelkoloi village), SMC Power Generation Ltd., Action Ispat Ltd., Eastern Steel & Power Ltd., TRL Krosaki Refractories Limited and Concast Steel & Power Ltd. A few large-scale units of Vedanta Alumina Ltd and Utkal Alumina International Ltd will be setting up units in the area.

  • Vedanta Aluminium Limited (VAL), currently setting up a 0.5 million-tonne aluminium smelter and Vedanta Jharsuguda Captive Power Plant a 135*9 MW captive power plant at Jharsuguda in Odisha, has chalked out a massive 4.6 billion dollar expansion for the project.[7]
  • Reliance Energy has proposed to set up a 12,000 MW thermal power plant at a cost of Rs 48,000 crore (Rs 480 billion) at Hirma in the Jharsuguda district of Odisha.[9]
  • Orissa Power Generation Corporation (OPGC) established IB Thermal Power Station having two units of 210 MW each in the Ib valley area of Jharsuguda and is developing a 1,220 MW power plant at same place.

In recent years Jharsuguda district has witnessed a large scale Industrialization.

Transport[edit]

Since pre-independence days, the city has had a relatively developed transportation network. The main mode of transport is cycle and rickshaw. However, in the last few years auto rickshaws, Savaris, Vans, Buses have also started as a means of local transport.

Airport[edit]

The Jharsuguda Airport is under expansion at Durlaga. Here before there was an aerodrome field which is now upgrading to Airport.

Rail[edit]

Jharsuguda railway station is a junction station on the Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line and Jharsuguda-Vizianagaram line. The railway station comes under South Eastern Railway.

Road[edit]

Jharsuguda is connected to various towns of the states by State Highway 10 and National Highway.

Education[edit]

Colleges & Training Center[edit]

  • Laxminarayan College, Jharsuguda
  • Women's College, Jharsuguda
  • Jharsuguda Engg. School
  • S.M. College, Jharsuguda
  • PKSS College, Jharsuguda
  • Black Diamond College of Engineering and Technology
  • DIET Industrial Training Centre
  • B.N.College, Brajrajnagar
  • Mahima College Mahima Puram bijapali (Jogeswar Meher)
  • Belpahar College, Belpahar.
  • S S College, Talpatia.
  • NIIT IT Training Centre, Near Mundra Cloth Store(Jharsuguda)

biswanath college,neae btm chock,jharsuguda

Schools[edit]

  • Town High School, Jharsuguda
  • Panchpara High school
  • V.S.S. High School, Beheramal
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir
  • Ratnakar High School, H.Katapali
  • S't Mary's Higher Secondary School, Coxcolony
  • Assembly of God School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya [10]
  • Government High School, Sarbahal
  • Government Girls High School
  • DAV public School, Sunarimunda
  • St. Thomas English School[11]
  • U.G.M.E. School, Sarbahal
  • panchyat high school badmal
  • Manmohan M.E. school
  • Ekatali U.G.M.E. school
  • Jharianair U.P. school
  • Nazul Oriya U.P. school
  • Purunabasti MPL high school
  • Purunabasti BOYS U.P. school
  • Purunabasti GIRLS U.P. school
  • Purunabasti I.G.M. Girls High school
  • Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Sarbahal
  • Anand Prerna School, Puruna.
  • Blue Bell English Medium School, Cox Colony.
  • Shining Star International Public School, B.T.M.
  • Ghanshyam hemlata vidya mandir, baljori, jsg
  • Hanuman vidyalay, jhanda chowk, jsg.
  • M.L. High school, Attabira
  • Municipal high school, ekatali
  • Buromal U.P.School, Buromal
  • Buromal M.E.School, Buromal
  • U.G.M.E. School, O.S.A.P
  • U.G.M.E. School Hirma
  • Government High School,Arda
  • Government High school,Banjari
  • Government High school,Sodamal
  • Government High School,Jhirlapali

Politics[edit]

The current MLA from Jharsuguda Assembly Constituency is Naba Kishore Das (Naba Das), who won the seat 2009 and 2014 State elections by defeating Kishor Mohanty of BJD. Birendra Chandra Pandey of INC had won this seat in 1995, 1985 and 1980. Sairindra Nayak of INC was MLA from this seat in 1977[12]

Jharsuguda is currently under Bargarh (Lok Sabha constituency). This constituency came into existence in 2008 as a part of the implementation of delimitation of parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India in 2002. The current M.P. from the Bargarh (Lok Sabha constituency) is Dr. Prabhas Singh from Biju Janta Dal winning the elections in the year 2014.Previously Jharsuguda was under Deogarh (Lok Sabha constituency).

Tourism[edit]

  • Gudguda water fall, 40 km from Jharsuguda.
  • Rock Painting and Lithography of Bikramkhol
  • Ruins of Hill Forts of Ulapgarh
  • Padmasini Temple of Padampur
  • Koilighughar water fall (Lakhanpur)
  • Ancient Siva Shrine of Jhadeswar Temple, Jharsuguda
  • Shree Pahadeswar Temple, Jharsuguda
  • Shiva Shrine of Mahadebpali
  • Historical Kolabira Fort
  • Lalpathar
  • Chandi Temple, Brajrajnagar
  • Laxmi Temple, Brajrajnagar
  • Durga Temple(Old Town Temple), Jharsuguda
  • Hanuman Temple(Bajranbali Mandir), Mangal Bazar, Jharsuguda
  • Teli Talab Shiv Tample, Chowki Para

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Jharsuguda
  2. ^ "Climate Data(Weatherbase)". Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Climate Data(IMD)". Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Important Fairs and Festival of Jharsuguda district". 
  5. ^ IIT submits master plan for twin cities. Orissa.in. Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  6. ^ UltraTech | Contact us. Ultratechcement.com (2005-04-20). Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  7. ^ Vedanta chalks out $4.6 bn expansion for Jharsuguda unit. Business-standard.com. Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  8. ^ Sterlite bid lowest for Punjab project. Financialexpress.com (2008-07-03). Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  9. ^ Reliance plans 12,000 mw plant in Odisha – Rediff.com Business. Inhome.rediff.com (2005-05-31). Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  10. ^ Kendriya Vidyalaya Jharsuguda. Kvjharsuguda.com. Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  11. ^ Saint Thomas English School, jsg. Wikimapia.org. Retrieved on 2011-01-20.
  12. ^ "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 130-Jharsuguda Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 

External links[edit]