Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line

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Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line
Tig1.jpg
Titlagarh railway station is an important junction on Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line
Overview
Status Operational
Locale Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh
Termini Jharsuguda
Vizianagaram
Operation
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) East Coast Railway
Technical
Track length Jharsuguda-Titlagarh: 231 km (144 mi)
Titlagarh-Vizianagaram: 254 km (158 mi)
Titlagarh-Raipur: 201 km (125 mi)
Rayagada-Koraput: 174 km (108 mi)
Sambalpur-Barang: 273 km (170 mi)
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge


The Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line is a railway line in eastern India. It connects Jharsuguda, on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, and Titlagarh, which in turn is connected with Vizianagaram, on the Howrah-Chennai main line, and Raipur, on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. There are several branch lines, the more important are the ones which connect Sambalpur and Barang on the Howrah-Chennai line and Rayagada with Koraput on the Kothavalasa-Kirandul line. The line traverses western Odisha and connects the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line with the Howrah-Chennai main line. It covers small portions of Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh.

Geography[edit]

The Jharsaguda-Titlagarh line starts from Jharsuguda, at the north western end of Odisha, on the Tatanagar-Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, and goes through the Ib river valley.[1] It crosses the Mahanadi River, downstream from Hirakud Dam.[2] The railway track passes through hilly areas interspersed with valleys of the tributaries of the Mahanadi, the important amongst which are the Ong and Tel.[3]

The Raipur-Titlagarh-Vizianagaram line sets off from Raipur, in the fertile Mahanadi valley of Chhattisgarh, on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line.[4] It passes through the rocky Mahasamund district of central Chhattisgarh before entering Odisha.[5] It enters the plains of Nuapada district in western Odisha,[6] then through the Eastern Ghats in southern Odisha, on to the coastal plains of Andhra Pradesh. It meets the Howrah-Chennai main line at Vizianagaram.[7]

Railway rake with coal at Sambalpur Road

The area covered by this line (including branch lines) is rich in mineral resources.[8] There are two coalfields in the area with high quantum of reserves. According to Geological Survey of India, the Talcher Coalfield has reserves of 38.65 billion tonnes, the highest in India. Ib Valley Coalfield has reserves of 22.3 billion tonnes, the third highest in India.[9]NTPC Limited has two power stations in Odisha, both are on this line – the 3000 MW Talcher Super Thermal Power Station and the 460 MW Talcher Thermal Power Station.[10][11] NTPC has planned two more super thermal power plants of 1600 MW each at Darlipalli in Sundergarh district and Gajamara in Dhenkanal district.[12] Sterlite Energy Ltd. (of the Vedanta group) has a 2400 MW Independent Power Plant at Jharsuguda.[13]

NALCO operates bauxite mines on Panchampatmali Hills in Koraput district of Odisha. It has an alumina refinery at Damanjodi, and a smelter and a rolled products unit at Angul. It has an 8 x 120 MW captive power plant at Angul.[14] Vedanta Aluminium Limited (of the Vedanta group) has an aluminium smelter and a 9x135 MW captive power plant at Jharsuguda. It has an alumina refinery and 3x30 MW captive power plant at Lanjigarh.[15]Hindalco has a smelter and a 368 MW captive power plant at Hirakud.[16]

Bhushan Steel Limited has a presence at Meramandali in Dhenkanal district of Odisha and is currently (as of 2012) implementing a backward integration project to set up an integrated steel plant of 2.3 million tonnes per annum capacity. It has plans to further raise the capacity of the plant.[17]Bhusan Power and Steel Limited has a presence at Thelkoloi in Jharsaguda district of Odisha.[18]

There is an ordnance factory at Badmal in Balangir district.[19] A plant of the engine division of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited is located at Sunabeda, Koraput. It is on the Visakhapatnam-Kirandaul line.[20]

History[edit]

The mainline of Bengal Nagpur Railway from Nagpur to Asansol was opened for goods traffic on 1 February 1891. Between 1893 and 1896, 1,288 km (800 mi) of the historical East Coast Railway was opened for traffic. In 1898-99, two important lines of BNR, namely Sini-Kharagpur-Kolaghat and Kharagpur-Cuttack were opened, thereby linking BNR to the lines in southern India.[21]

The 79 km (49 mi) Vizianagaram-Parvatipuram line was opened in 1908-09 and an extension to Salur was built in 1913. The Parvatipuram-Raipur line was completed in 1931.[21] In 1922, the Talcher Coalfield was linked with the Howrah-Chennai line.[22]

In 1960, Indian Railway took up three projects: the Kottavalasa-Koraput-Jeypore-Kirandaul line (Dandakaranya Project), the Titlagarh-Bolangir-Jharsuguda Project and the Rourkela-Kiriburu Project. All the three projects taken together were popularly known as the DBK Project or the Dandakaranya Bolangir Kiriburu Project.[23] The Sambalpur-Titlagarh line was opened to traffic in 1963.[21]

The Sambalpur-Talcher line was sanctioned in 1983 and was completed in 1998.[24]

The Koraput-Rayagada Rail Link Project was completed on 31 December 1998.[25]

Railway reorganization[edit]

The Bengal Nagpur Railway was nationalized in 1944.[26]Eastern Railway was formed on 14 April 1952 with the portion of East Indian Railway Company east of Mughalsarai and the Bengal Nagpur Railway.[27] In 1955, South Eastern Railway was carved out of Eastern Railway. It comprised lines mostly operated by BNR earlier.[27][28] Amongst the new zones started in April 2003 were East Coast Railway and South East Central Railway. Both these railways were carved out of South Eastern Railway.[27] Doubling of vizianagaram-Gajapatinagaram completed by March 31, 2002.[29] The doubling of Bobbili-Gajapatinagaram completed by June 30, 2004.[30]

New lines[edit]

Balangir-Khurda Road project[edit]

The 289 km (180 mi) long railway line, now (as of 2012) under construction from Balangir on the Jharsuguda-Titlagrh line to Khurda Road on the Howrah-Chennai main line, will pass through Subarnapur, Boudh and Nayagarh. It would require construction of 11 tunnels measuring 6.30 km in all, and around 435 bridges including one 660 m (2,165 ft) long bridge over the Tel River.[31]

In 1945 this rail link was first surveyed by the Bengal-Nagpur Railway which thought Bhubaneswar’s link with some of the most backward undivided districts of Odisha, namely Balangir, Kalahandi, Koraput and Phulbani, to be important. The project actually got off in 1994.[32]

The project was initially hit by delays in land acquisition and even after it got off progress was slow. According to Shivaji Patnaik, the veteran Communist Party of India (Marxist) leader, “The construction for the project started way back in 1994. After 17 years, not even 36 km of line is developed.” [31][32][33]

A 175 km (109 mi) long Phulbani-Berhampur broad gauge link is planned.[34]

Bimalagarh-Talcher project[edit]

Another new line project lagging behind is the 156 km (97 mi) long line connecting Bimlagarh on the Rourkela-Barsuan branch line and Talcher on the Sambalpur-Talcher-Barang branch line, sanctioned in 2004-05. This line when complete would reduce the distance between Rourkela and Bhubaneswar from 460 km (via Sambalpur) to 300 km.[35]

Angul-Sukinda Road project[edit]

Construction of the 102 km (63 mi) long railway track linking Angul on the Sambalpur-Talcher-Barang branch line to Sukinda Road on the Padapahar-Jakhapura branch line is expected to be initiated in 2013, after clearing all land-acquisition related problems. This line is being taken up on the public private partnership (PPP) mode in partnership between Rail Vikas Nigam Limited, Government of Odisha, Jindal Steel and Power and Bhushan Power and Steel. The new railway track will provide connectivity between Talcher Coalfield and the Padapahar-Jakhapura branch line with iron ore mines and upcoming industries. A number of mega steel projects are coming up in this region.[36][37]

Other projects[edit]

Several new lines have been planned. These include the 245 km (152 mi) long Talcher-Hindol Road-Gopalpur-Berhampur line, and the 120 km (75 mi) long Bargarh-Nawapara Road line via Padampur.[34]

Construction of the 52 km (32 mi) long Jharsuguda-Barpalli rail line is essential for transportation of coal from the Ib Valley Coalfield with a potential of 90 million tonnes per annum. Mahanadi Coalfields Limited will fund this project.[38]

Electrification[edit]

The Koraput-Damanjodi section was electrified in 1988-89. The Barang-Rajatgarh-Meramandoli section was electrified in 2002-03. Rajatgarh-Kapilas Road was electrified in 2003-04.[39]

Electrification of the Titlagarh–Sambhalpur-Jharsuguda and Angul-Sambalpur sections were sanctioned in the Railway Budget for 2012-13.[40] Traction work started in Vizianagaram-Rayagada section.

Electrification work[edit]

Laying of traction poles completed from Vizianagaram to Bobblli. Traction completed in one direction from Vizianagaram to Bobbili.

Track[edit]

Doubling of several lines have been sanctioned in the budget for 2012-13: Jharsaguda-Sambalpur, Sambalpur-Titlagarh, Raipur-Mahasamund-Titlagarh, Sambalpur-Talcher, Lapanga-Brundamal, Angul-Kerejang, Rajatgarh-Barang.[40]

The Ministry of Coal has identified the Talcher area as one of the major areas for coal production. Additionally, a number of coal blocks are being developed by the private sector. About 100 million tonnes of incremental coal freight is expected. Doubling of Talcher-Sambalpur, Sambalpur-Jharsuguda, Sambalpur-Titlagarh and Titlagarh-Mahasamund-Raipur has been sanctioned and work is in progress.[41]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Sambalpur district". Geographical background of the district. Sambalpur district administration. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  3. ^ "Balangir istrict". Location & Geography. Balangir district administration. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  4. ^ "Raipur d istrict". Profile. Raipur district administration. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  5. ^ "Mahasamund, Chhattisgarh". Geography details. Mahasamund district administration. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  6. ^ "Nuapada District". At a glance. Nuapada district administration. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  7. ^ "Vizianagaram District". Salient features. Vizianagaram district administration. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
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  9. ^ "Coal Resources of India (As on 1.1.2004)". Coal Wing, Geological Survey of India, Kolkata. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  10. ^ "NTPC to add another 500 MW to Talcher Plant". The Indian Express, 10 August 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  11. ^ "TTPS runs on 93% PLF". Business Standard, 6 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  12. ^ "NTPC may get land for Gajamara, Darlipalli projects soon". Business Standard, 5 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  13. ^ "Jharsuguda Power Project". Sterlite Energy. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  14. ^ "NALCO a Navratna Company". NALCO. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  15. ^ "Jharsuguda". Vedanta Aluminium Limited. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  16. ^ "Hindalco". manufacturing locations. Hindalco. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  17. ^ "Welcome to Bhusan Steel Limited". Manufacturing plants. Bhusan. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  18. ^ "Bhushan Power & Steel". Bhushan Limited. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  19. ^ "Ordnance Factory Bolangir". Ordnance Factory Board, Ministry of Defence, Govt. of India. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  20. ^ "Hindusthan Aeronautics Limited". Divisions/Engine Division Koraput. HAL. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  21. ^ a b c "Major Events in the Formation of S.E. Railway". South Eastern Railway. Retrieved 2012-11-10. 
  22. ^ Chattopadhyay, Suhrid Sankar. "South Eastern Railway – A Saga of Performance". Frontline, Vol 22, Issue 8, 12–25 March 2005. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
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  28. ^ "IR History: Part - IV (1947 - 1970)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  29. ^ "Vizianagaram-Gajapatinagaram doubling". 
  30. ^ "Bobbili-Gajapatinagaram doubling". 
  31. ^ a b "Bolangir-Khura railway line development demanded". The Hindu, 23 February 2011. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  32. ^ a b "Wait continues for crucial rail link". The New Indian Express, 9 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  33. ^ "Panel constituted to monitor land acquisition for railway projects". The Hindu, 26 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  34. ^ a b "Infrastructure Rail". team orissa. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  35. ^ "Bimlagarh-Talcher rail link: All decks cleared". welcomeOdisha.com. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  36. ^ "Work on Rs. 1,100 crore Angul-Sukinda rail project by April 2013". Business Standard, 11 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  37. ^ "Work on Angul-Sukinda railway line to begin in April". New Indian Express, 11 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  38. ^ Mehdudia, Sujay. "290 MT Coal evacuation hampered due to lack of rail infrastructure". The Hindu Business Line, 22 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-10. 
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  40. ^ a b "What is new in Railway Budget 2012-13". The Times of India, 14 march 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-10. 
  41. ^ "Blueprint for railway electrification". Railway Board. Retrieved 2012-12-08. 

External links[edit]