Jhojha

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Jhojha
Total population
307,700[1]
Regions with significant populations
 India Pakistan
Languages
Khari BoliUrdu
Religion
Allah-green.svg Islam 100% •
Related ethnic groups
GarhaMuley JatRangharMuslim Tyagi

The Jhojha (Hindi: झोझा, Urdu: جھوجھہ‎) are a Muslim community or clan found in the state of Uttar Pradesh, in India.[2] A few were also found in the Mohali District of Punjab, but they have all emigrated to Pakistan.[3]Some members of the Uttar Pradesh Jhojha migrated to Pakistan after independence in 1947 and have settled in Karachi, Sindh[citation needed].

History and origin[edit]

There are a number of traditions as to the origin of the Jhojha community.The Jhojha community is descendant from the Turk's. They were in the armies of Turk's. When ever Turk's won any region they give the some properties around the region to their soldiers to live and protect from the enemies . They have to struggle a lot for their survival because the areas they were provided were lack of basic needs that is why they were called "Jhuj" or " Jhoojne wala" later the name is transformed into Jhojha. As the indian soldiers were Rajputs and many of these Hindu Rajputs converted to Islam and lived with Jhojha's They are also called Jhojha Rajput's.

Internal Division[edit]

The Jhojha have many sub-divisions, the main ones being the Bangarwale, the Khaderwale, the Chaudhary, the Turk, the Boobhna and the Khoja. The Jhojha of Muzaffarnagar District are Bangerwale, those of Saharanpur District belong mainly to the Khaderwale division, and the Bulandshahr District belong to the Chaudhary division. In Rohilkhand, their main divisions are the Turk and Khoja.[4]

Jhojha of Punjab[edit]

Jhojhas were also found in Kharar Tehsil of Ambala District, which now forms part of Mohali District of Punjab and the adjoining Basi (Dera Basi) Tehsil of Kalsia State, also now in Mohali District. According to the Punjab Jhojhas, they were by origin Rajputs of Jaisalmer, who were excommunicated from the Rajput community, when they took to cultivation. They are said to have left Saharanpur and to have settled in the Kharar and Dera Basi in the 18th century. The Jhojha community was further divided into a number of clans, known as gots from Sanskrit gotra meaning clan. Among the large gots were the Bhatti, Barah, Chauhan and Taoni, all well known Rajput tribes. Like other East Punjab Muslims, the Jhojhas were forced to leave their homeland at the time of the independence in 1947, and have now resettled in Pakistani Punjab. The Jhojha community of Punjab is Punjabi speaking, and are entirely Sunni.[5]

Present Circumstances[edit]

The Jhojha are a community made of up of small peasants, concentrated in the Doab region of Uttar Pradesh. They have a village-based caste council, which exercises social control. In terms of religion, they are fairly orthodox Sunni Muslims, and have customs similar to other neighbouring Muslim peasant castes, such as the Kamboh, Garha, and Muley Jat.[2]

The Jhojha have two state wide caste associations, the Tanzim Anjuman Jhojha (Organization of Jhojha associations)and Uttar Pradesh Jhojha Kanyan Sabha.

Distribution[edit]

They are mainly found in the districts of Hardwar, Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Bijnor, Rampur, Moradabad, Bulandshahr and Aligarh of Uttar Pradesh.

In the Doab[edit]

The majority of the Jhojha are still found in Haridwar District, with the tehsil of [[Roorkee][Laksar]] remaining a stronghold of the tribe.[6] In Muzaffarnagar District, they are concentrated in the tehsil of Jansath, and generally found in the east of the district, while in Bulandshahr District, they are found in villages near the town of Bulandshahr and few villages in Aligarh District.

In Rohilhand[edit]

In Rohilkhand, they are found in the districts of Rampur, Bijnor and Moradabad. The Jhojha in Rampur District are found in Swar, Bilaspur and Sadar tehsils.[7] In Moradabad, the jhojha are found in Kunderki, Bilari and Sambhal Tehsil.[8] While in Bijnor District, they are found mainly in Bijnor tehsil, Najibabad tehsil, Nagina tehsil, Dhampur tehsil and near the Ganges river.[9]

A small number of Jhojha are also found in Sindh, Pakistan, where they assimilated into other Urdu speaking Muslim peasant castes, such as the Rohilla

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/peoples.php?peo3=17574
  2. ^ a b People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Two editor K S Singh Manohar 2005 page 638
  3. ^ Census of India 1911 Vol 14, Punjab Pt 1, Report Page 458 – 459
  4. ^ Tribes and Castes of North Western Provinces and Oudh Volume III by William Crook
  5. ^ Census of India 1911 Vol 14, Punjab Pt 1, Report Page 458–459
  6. ^ A Gazetteer of Saharanpur District page 110
  7. ^ Gazetteer of Rampur state 1911 A.D.page 40-48
  8. ^ ,District Gazeteer of the united Provinces of Agra and Oudh 1911
  9. ^ A Gazetteer of Bijnor District page 104