Ji'an, Jilin

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Ji'an
集安市
County-level city
Skyline of Ji'an
Ji'an is located in Jilin
Ji'an
Ji'an
Location in Jilin
Coordinates: 41°08′N 126°11′E / 41.133°N 126.183°E / 41.133; 126.183Coordinates: 41°08′N 126°11′E / 41.133°N 126.183°E / 41.133; 126.183
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jilin
Prefecture-level city Tonghua
County-level city established 1988
Area
 • Total 3,408 km2 (1,316 sq mi)
Elevation 180 m (590 ft)
Population 230,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 134200

Ji'an (Chinese: 集安; pinyin: Jí'ān; formerly simplified Chinese: 辑安; traditional Chinese: 輯安; pinyin: Jí'ān) is a county-level city in southwestern Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is administered by the prefecture-level city of Tonghua. Ji'an has an area of 3,408 km2 (1,316 sq mi) and a population of approximately 230,000. The city was given its current status in 1988. Ji'an is separated from Manpo, Chagang Province, North Korea by the Yalu River; it has an international border running 203.5 km (126.4 mi).[1]

During western Han dynasty, Ji'an was governed by Xuantu Commenandery. In 3 AD, the kingdom of Goguryeo (Gaogoli) moved its capital to Gungnae Fortress in today's Ji'an. Until 427 CE, Ji'an was the capital of Goguryeo, one of the Three kingdoms of Korea, and was called Gungnae Fortress, for 400 years until the capital's relocation to Hwando Mountain Fortress, also in Ji'an, in 209 CE.

The Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom, located in Ji'an and Huanren Manchu Autonomous County, Liaoning, have been listed as part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Ji'an is also dubbed as a "Little Jiangnan" of Jilin due to its scenery.[1]

Geography and climate[edit]

Ji'an has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with long, very cold winters, and very warm, humid summers. Monthly average temperatures range from −12.3 °C (9.9 °F) in January to 23.3 °C (73.9 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 7.16 °C (44.9 °F). Though the annual total, at 888 mm (35.0 in), is generous, precipitation is quite low during the winter and upwards of 60% of annual rainfall occurs from June through August. The frost-free period lasts around 150 days.

Climate data for Ji'an (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −5.2
(22.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
6.9
(44.4)
16.6
(61.9)
22.7
(72.9)
26.6
(79.9)
28.8
(83.8)
28.3
(82.9)
23.0
(73.4)
15.9
(60.6)
5.5
(41.9)
−2.8
(27)
13.8
(56.9)
Average low °C (°F) −17.9
(−0.2)
−13.6
(7.5)
−5
(23)
2.6
(36.7)
8.7
(47.7)
14.6
(58.3)
19.2
(66.6)
18.5
(65.3)
11.2
(52.2)
2.8
(37)
−4.6
(23.7)
−13.5
(7.7)
1.9
(35.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 11.1
(0.437)
10.8
(0.425)
19.9
(0.783)
48.5
(1.909)
75.0
(2.953)
121.7
(4.791)
219.0
(8.622)
202.7
(7.98)
81.9
(3.224)
45.2
(1.78)
34.7
(1.366)
17.4
(0.685)
887.9
(34.955)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.2 6.0 7.0 9.8 12.7 14.9 17.4 14.6 10.1 8.4 9.3 8.9 126.3
Source: Weather China[1]

Administrative divisions[2][edit]

Subdistricts:

Towns:

Townships:

References[edit]

External links[edit]