Jian'ou dialect

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Jian'ou
Gṳ̿ing-é-dī / 建甌事
Native to Southern China
Region Jian'ou, Fujian province
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Chinese character, Kienning Colloquial Romanized
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.
Bible in Jian'ou Romanised (Genesis), published by the British and Foreign Bible Society.

Jian'ou (Min Bei: Gṳ̿ing-é-dī / 建甌事; Chinese: simplified Chinese: 建瓯话; traditional Chinese: 建甌話; pinyin: Jiàn'ōu huà) is a local standard common language of Northern Min Chinese spoken in Jian'ou in the north of the Fujian province.

Phonetics and Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Consonants of the Gṳ̿ing-é-dī
  bilabial alveolar velar
nasals m n ŋ
plosives voiceless unaspirated p t k
voiceless aspirated
fricatives   s x
affricates voiceless unaspirated   ts  
voiceless aspirated   tsʰ  
lateral approximant   l  

Tones[edit]

Citation tones[edit]

Jian'ou has four tones, which are reduced to two in checked syllables.

Tone chart of the Gṳ̿ing-é-dī
Tone number Tone name Tone contour
1 ping sheng (平聲) ˥˦ (54) or ˥ (5)
2 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˩ (21) or ˩ (1)
3 yin qu (陰去) ˨ (2)
4 yang qu (陽去) ˦ (4)
5 yin ru (陰入) ˨˦̚ (24)
6 yang ru (陽入) ˦˨̚ (42)

Tone Sandhi[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)

External links[edit]