Jian (era)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Jian (治安?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name"), also known as Chi'an, after Kannin and before Manju. This period spanned the years from February 1021[1] through July 1024.[2] The reigning emperor was Go-Ichijō-tennō (後一条天皇?).[3]

Change of Era[edit]

  • 1021 Jian gannen (治安元年?): The era name was changed to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kannin 5, on the 2nd day of the 2nd month of 1021.[4]

Events of the Jian era[edit]

  • 1023 (Jian 3, 4th month): An epidemic in Kyoto was so severe that there were corpses in the streets;[5] disease spread throughout the country.[6]
  • 1023 (Jian 3, 10th month): Fujiwara no Michinaga visits Mt. Koya.[7]
  • December 29, 1023 (Jian 3, 14th day of the 11th month): a lunar eclipse.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kannin" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 474, p. 474, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Nussbaum. "Manjū" at p. 607., p. 607, at Google Books
  3. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 156-159; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 307-310; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196.
  4. ^ Brown, p. 310.
  5. ^ Dykstra, Yoshiko Kurata. (2001). The Konjaku Tales: from a Medieval Japanese Collection, Vol. 2, p. 13.
  6. ^ Horton, Sarah J. (2007). Living Buddhist Statues in Early Medieval and Modern Japan, p. 143., p. 143, at Google Books
  7. ^ Nihon Kiristokyō Kyōgikai. (2001). Japanese Religions, Vols. 26-27, pp.34-35.
  8. ^ Pankenier, David. (1999). Archaeoastronomy in East Asia: Historical Observational Records of Comets and Meteor Showers from China, Japan, and Korea, p. 89., p. 89, at Google Books

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Kannin
Era or nengō
Jian

1021–1024
Succeeded by
Manju