Jiang Pinchao

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Jiang Pinchao (Chinese: 蒋品超; Pinyin: Jiǎng Pǐnchāo; born 1967) is a Chinese poet. He is the director of June Fourth Heritage & Culture Association, chief editor of Collection of June Fourth Poems and Collection of Human Right Poems, oversea democratic personnel, and the first author to be blocked by Google. He was sentenced for four years due to his active participation in the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 in China.[1][2]

Education[edit]

Jiang graduated from the Department of Language Art of Huazhong Normal University in China. He was appointed to work as a teacher in the News Department of Wuhan University in July 1989.

Emigration and marriage[edit]

Due to his participation in the organization of the student democratic movement, he was arrested and jailed for four years, deprived of political rights for two years in the First Jail of the Hubei Province in China. In 1992, along with other political prisoners, he resisted the abuse, but was tortured and confined.[3] Once released, Jiang Pinchao married American Marline Bun in April 1994. He immigrated to the United States on a spouse status visa, but divorced his wife in October 1994.[4]


Blocked from internet[edit]

Since 2001, Jiang has initiated controversy on the internet. He initiated the "re-ponder the history, be concerned about the politics, commiserate with the public" mindset and proposed the theory of "thoughts of public" and "thoughts of imagination". His topics involved the June Fourth Democratic Movement, the public view of politics in China, and many other sensitive questions in Chinese society. He was one of the first to propose such touchy questions in strictly thought-controlled, but changing, China. A large number of Chinese poets taken an active part in this controversy but because of his strong and growing influence, Jiang was blocked from Internet usage by Chinese government officials in 2004.

Blocked from Google[edit]

On September 16, 2004, American Dynamic Internet issued a research report focusing on Jiang,[5] and revealed that Pinchao Jiang was blocked by the Google search engine.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12] The same day, Yisha and Shaojun Li, two authors who had argued with Jiang, were presented an annual prize in the Chinese "New Poetry" sub-culture.[13][14][15]

Because Google broke the promise of "Do no evil", the matter attracted international attention. The United States Congress and Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice, have held hearings on the subject. On April 14, 2005, Jiang Pinchao was nominated for "The President Culture Prize" in Taiwan.

Jiang testified and supported the American congress hearing conference to the internet blockage behavior of Google, Yahoo, Cisco, and Microsoft on February 15, 2006. He accepted interviews with over 10 news outlets, such as the Associated Press, Yomiuri Shimbun, and the Central News Agency of Taiwan.[16][17][18] The following morning, he was arrested by local police on behalf of the Chinese general embassy, but was released on the same day for lack of a proper basis for his arrest.[19]

International Fast[edit]

On March 5, 2006, Jiang, along with Jinsheng Wei, Hongbing Yuan, Xue Sheng, and others[who?], launched an international fast, which included ten thousand people, to express support for individuals persecuted by the Chinese government. Jiang also organized and presided over another Chinese protest in Los Angeles for similar reasons.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ New Tang Dynasty Television: A Cry for Chinese People to Stand Up
  2. ^ http://www.boxun.com/hero/jiangpinchao/ Collection of Jiang Pinchao
  3. ^ This event was one of the important serious cases in that year's Civil Right Record. The Human Rights Organization of the United Nations sent a solemn and just negotiation to Chinese government http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/commission/thematic51/34.htm
  4. ^ Democratic Forum, little documents of Pinchao Jiang
  5. ^ The original website of the research report on Pinchao Jiang's being blockage by Google. The report was done by Dynamitic Internet on September 16, 2004. This report aroused long time and widespread attention in the international society:http://dit-inc.us/2004091601.html http://www.dit-inc.us/report/google200409/google.htm
  6. ^ <Gazeta.pl Wiadomosci>, the most famous newspaper in Poland, reported the blockage of Google on September 20, 2004: <Pekin cenzuruje Google>http://serwisy.gazeta.pl/swiat/1,34180,2305332.html
  7. ^ The front page report of Asahi Shimbun on the blockage of Google, the original address: http://www.ne.jp/asahi/unko/tamezou/news/
  8. ^ The report of the blockage of Google in Asahi Shimbun News: http://musume80.exblog.jp/1102725
  9. ^ The report of the blockage of Google in American CNN: Google bows to Chinese censorship http://www.cnn.com/2004/TECH/internet/09/27/google.china.ap/index.html
  10. ^ English media which refers to this article in CNN: http://www.wired.com/news/politics/0,1283,65089,00.html
  11. ^ The explanation of Google to the blockage affair under the pressure of widespread public voice on September 21, 2004: http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=dn6426
  12. ^ Comment in <the secret of China> on June 2, 2006: spokesman of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs cannot deny that Chinese communist party control and censor the internet http://kanzhongguo.com/news/pub/view.php?aid=153776
  13. ^ subject report of Chinese Poem Life on the first biannual poem exhibition Tomorrow Eerguna: http://www.poemlife.com/Subjects/mingtian/article.asp?vArticleId=21988
  14. ^ Shaojun Li's article of Characteristics of Grass Root Class and the Transfer of New Poem in the Chinese Internet journal Poem Life:
  15. ^ The article of Pinchao Jiang The tragedy of Chinese Parnassus: the Great Poet Lose His Great Reader, published in the column of Pinchao Jiang in The Epoch Times.
  16. ^ Spot report of Yuan Ji, the report of the Epoch Times on February 15, 2006: http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/6/2/16/n1226032.htm
  17. ^ Front page report by the report 古此由纪子 of Yomiuri Shimbun on February 16, 2006, the website of the citation in Japanese: http://dorobune.at.webry.info/200602/article_47.html
  18. ^ Special report by Sheng Lu, the report of Central News Agency of Taiwan in Los Angeles http://www.rti.org.tw/News/NewsContentHome.aspx?NewsID=20872&t
  19. ^ Spot report in The Epoch Times on February 16, 2006.