Jiangbei District, Ningbo

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Jiangbei District
District
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Chinese 江北区
 • Pinyin Jiangbei Qū
Confucius Temple in Cicheng Town, one of the subdivisions in Jiangbei
Confucius Temple in Cicheng Town, one of the subdivisions in Jiangbei
Jiangbei District in Ningbo Municipality
Jiangbei District in Ningbo Municipality
Ningbo in China
Ningbo in China
Country China
Province Zhejiang
Prefecture Ningbo
Area
 • Total 209 km2 (81 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 230,000
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 315020
Area code(s) 0574
Website http://www.nbjiangbei.gov.cn/

Jiangbei District (Chinese: 江北区; pinyin: Jiāngběi Qū) is a country-level district under the jurisdiction of Ningbo city in Zhejiang Province of the People's Republic of China. The district's total area is 209 square kilometers, which is the largest subdivision in traditional urban area of Ningbo city (name as Haishu, Jiangdong and Jiangbei). Jiangbei District is famous for its historical sites such as the Old Bund, which oversaw the history of international trade of Ningbo, and Cicheng Town, an ancient town which lasts more than 1000 years.

Geography[edit]

Jiangbei District lie in the middle of Ningbo Municipality, in south of Cixi city, east of Yuyao city and west of Zhenhai District. Yong River separates Jiangbei from Haishu District and Jiangdong District. The district have 27 kilometers from its west to east, and 20 kilometers from north to south. Planes make up most of the lands in Jiangbei District, while in the north of the district there are hills. Many rivers ran in Jiangbei and empties into Yong River. The district is rich in water resources.

History[edit]

Jiangbei District was founded in May 1951 after the foundation of People's Republic of China. However, the history of Jiangbei can be tracked back to Gouzhang(句章) City, which was built by Goujian, the king of State of Yue. In the year 621, Gouzhang was separated into Yaozhou and Yinzhou. In the year 738, the land that now belongs to Jiangbei was in the area of Mao(鄮) County. In the year 738, Mingzhou was established and Mao County was separated into Cixi, Fenghua, Mao and Wengshan. The western part of what was Jiangbei now belongs to Cixi County, and the eastern part belongs to Mao (and later Yin) County. In 809, Yin County was also separated into Wanghai County (currently Zhenhai District). From then on till 1951 the land that now belongs to Jiangbei was in the area of three different counties: Cixi, Yin and Zhenhai.

After the foundation of PRC, Jiangbei District was founded as well as another new district called Jiao District. In 1984 these two districts merged into Jiangbei District.

Administrative regions[edit]

The district administers seven street offices and one town.

Street offices: Zhongma Street, Baisha Street, Kongpu Street, Wenjiao Street, Yongjiang Street, Zhuangqiao Street, and Hongtang Street.

Town: Cicheng.

Economy[edit]

Jiangbei Industrial Zone is an important area of manufacture in Ningbo. Plastic mechanics, dies, automobile parts are products in massive manufacture in Jiangbei. The district is also featured by its non-ferrous metal industry and shipping.

Culture and Tourism[edit]

Jiangbei District is rich in history and culture. Cicheng Town was famous for its long history. It was the political center of Cixi County from Tang Dynasty till the foundation of PRC, hence many historic buildings were kept as they were.

The Old Bund besides Yong River was constructed in 1844, earlier than the famous Shanghai Bund. It oversaw the history when Ningbo opened to foreign trade in 1844 and was characterized by European styled offices, cathedrals and streets.

Built in Northern Song Dynasty, Baoguo Temple is the second oldest Buddhist temple in south China.

Famous People[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 29°53′33″N 121°33′39″E / 29.89250°N 121.56083°E / 29.89250; 121.56083