Jiangcheng Hani and Yi Autonomous County

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Jiangcheng County
江城县
Autonomous county
江城哈尼族彝族自治县
Location of Jiangcheng County (pink) in Pu'er City (yellow) and Yunnan
Location of Jiangcheng County (pink) in Pu'er City (yellow) and Yunnan
Jiangcheng is located in Yunnan
Jiangcheng
Jiangcheng
Location of the seat in Yunnan
Coordinates: 22°36′N 101°50′E / 22.600°N 101.833°E / 22.600; 101.833
Country People's Republic of China
Province Yunnan
Prefecture-level city Pu'er
GB/T 2260 CODE[1] 530826
Area
 • Total 3,476 km2 (1,342 sq mi)
Elevation 1,186 m (3,891 ft)
Population
 • Total 89,686
 • Density 26/km2 (67/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 665900[2]
Area code(s) 0879[2]
Website jiangcheng.mofcom.gov.cn
1Yunnan Statistics Bureau [1]
2Puer Gov. [2]
3Yunnan Portal [3]

Jiangcheng Hani and Yi Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 江城哈尼族彝族自治县; traditional Chinese: 江城哈尼族彝族自治縣; pinyin: Jiāngchéng hānízú yízú Zìzhìxiàn) is an autonomous county under the jurisdiction of Pu'er City, in southern Yunnan, China, bordering Laos and Vietnam to the south, making it the only county in the province to border more than one country. By road, its seat, the town of Menglie (勐烈镇), is 520 km (320 mi) from Kunming and 145 km (90 mi) from Simao District, the municipal seat of Pu'er.[3]

Geography and climate[edit]

Jiangcheng has latitude range of 22°20'−22°36' N and longitude range of 101°14'−102°19' E. Its seat, the town of Menglie (勐烈镇), has an elevation of 1,119 m (3,671 ft). Located at an altitude of above 1,100 m (3,600 ft), Jiangcheng, as with much of southern Yunnan, has a warm humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with muddled distinction between the seasons and daytime temperatures remaining warm year-round. Highs peak in April and May before the core of the rainy season and reach a minimum in December; however, the warmest and coolest months are June and January, respectively at 22.5 °C (72.5 °F) and 12.6 °C (54.7 °F); the annual mean is 18.39 °C (65.1 °F). June thru September accounts for nearly 70% of the annual rainfall of 2,240 mm (88 in) and during this time, some rainfall occurs on most days.

Climate data for Jiangcheng County (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
22.4
(72.3)
25.9
(78.6)
27.9
(82.2)
27.7
(81.9)
27.2
(81)
26.7
(80.1)
27.3
(81.1)
26.6
(79.9)
24.8
(76.6)
22.0
(71.6)
19.5
(67.1)
24.9
(76.7)
Average low °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
9.0
(48.2)
11.1
(52)
14.5
(58.1)
17.8
(64)
19.8
(67.6)
19.8
(67.6)
19.4
(66.9)
18.2
(64.8)
16.1
(61)
12.6
(54.7)
9.0
(48.2)
14.6
(58.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 25.0
(0.984)
31.0
(1.22)
44.0
(1.732)
96.9
(3.815)
250.3
(9.854)
366.1
(14.413)
472.4
(18.598)
404.4
(15.921)
275.2
(10.835)
152.7
(6.012)
89.6
(3.528)
31.9
(1.256)
2,239.5
(88.168)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.8 5.3 6.3 12.3 19.6 25.6 27.8 25.3 20.4 16.2 10.6 5.7 179.9
Source: Weather China[3]

Ethnic groups[edit]

The Jiangcheng County Almanac (1989:351-368) lists the following ethnic subgroups, as well as locations.

  • Yi
    • Luoluo 倮倮 (Gaisu 改苏 branch)
    • Xiangtang 香堂 (Lalu 腊鲁 branch)
    • Alu 阿鲁 (Lalu 腊鲁 branch)
    • Laowu 老乌/Lawu 拉乌: (Awu 阿武 branch)
    • Azong 阿宗 (allonym for an Yi subgroup)
    • Menghua 蒙化
  • Dai
    • Dry Dai 旱傣: Mankelao 曼克老, Zhongping 中坪, Basan 坝伞
    • Water Dai 水傣: Zhengdong township 整董乡
    • Flowery-Waist Dai 花腰傣: Shuicheng township 水城乡
    • White Dai 白傣: Baliu 坝溜, Lazhu township 拉朱乡 and Tukahe 土卡河,[4] Longtan township 龙塘乡
  • Yao: pop. 2,965 (1986)
  • Lahu: pop. 1,321 (1986)
    • Banhe Lahu Ethnic Township 板河拉祜族乡
    • Chashulin 茶树林, Gale Township 嘎勒乡

Hani[edit]

Hani subgroups in Jiangcheng County are (Jiangcheng County Almanac 1989:351):

  • Hani
    • Biyue 碧约 branch
    • Kaduo 卡多 branch
    • Kabie 卡别 branch
  • Enu branch 哦怒
    • Ximoluo 西摩洛
  • Haoni branch 豪尼
    • Baihong 白宏
    • Bukong 布孔 (also called Mahei 麻黑)
    • Budu 布都 (also called Asuo 阿梭, Duota 堕塔, Duota Asuo 堕塔阿梭)
    • Asuo 阿梭
    • Duota 多塔
  • Hani branch 哈尼
    • Qidi 期弟
    • Lami 腊米

Other names for the Hani include:

  • Baike 白壳
  • Benren 本人
  • Aka 阿卡
  • Podu 颇都
  • Mahei 麻黑
  • Woni 窝尼

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°36′00″N 101°50′00″E / 22.6°N 101.8333°E / 22.6; 101.8333