Jiangxin Island

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Jiangxin Island
江心洲
Island
Coordinates: 32°1′51.76″N 118°42′4.79″E / 32.0310444°N 118.7013306°E / 32.0310444; 118.7013306Coordinates: 32°1′51.76″N 118°42′4.79″E / 32.0310444°N 118.7013306°E / 32.0310444; 118.7013306
Country China
Province Jiangsu
Sub-provincial city Nanjing
District Jianye
Area[1]
 • Total 15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Area code(s) 25
Ming Dynasty map of Nanjing, 1929 - Jiangxin Island shaded in green

Jiangxin Island, or Jingxinzhou (Chinese: 江心洲; literally: "river-center islet"), is a spear-shaped island in the middle of the Yangtze, east of the Jianye District in Nanjing, China,[2][3] 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) from the city's downtown district.[3]

It is best known for the wide variety of grapes produced on the island and its annual Grape Festival. Because of the rich vegetation on the island, the air quality is better than most other places in the city and it is a national scenic area. Beginning in 2009, an economic development project began to create an eco-urban city that has a low carbon impact, renewable energy use, and creates a sustainable residential and commercial community. The three-phase project is targeted for completion in 2020.

Overview[edit]

The island is known for its grapes; it has about 130 varieties which range from small creamy green to ping-pong sized purple grapes. During July and August the Nanjing government hosts an annual Grape Festival (江心洲葡萄节).[2][4] About 50,000 people visit the festival each year. To support tourism, restaurants, farmhouses, and hotels have been built so that visitors can pick grapes, eat rural food, and access quality services.[5]

On the southern tip of the island is a forest park. The island is also known for its Folk and Culture Village.[2] It has market gardens, canals, ponds, and redwood avenues.[6] Due to its scenic areas, it is designated a National Grade AA scenic area and one of the city's four "green lungs".[7]

Eco urbanization[edit]

The island is also undergoing urbanization[2] to be completed in three stages by 2020.[1] The City of Nanjing, Jiangsu Provincial Government, and the Sino Singapore Eco High Tech Island Development Company have partnered to urbanize about 750 hectares, or one half, of the island. Its plan is to maintain much of the island's existing scenic environment while creating multi-story and high-rise residential housing for up to 200,000 people on 182 acres of land along canals, a new metro station, and additional recreational and commercial enterprises. The "garden city" plan includes low carbon strategies, such as water reclamation, green energy and sustainable development.[3][6][7] The RMB 100 billion development enterprise has partnered with Bayer Material Science to design low and zero energy buildings.[8] The buildings will operate on renewable sources, like hydrogen and solar energy.[3] Other sources of energy are photovoltaic power and wind power, with energy managed via smart grid.[1] Buses will run on electricity.[3] Modern agricultural and service industries, Information technology (IT) firms and eco-environmental service organizations are targeted to expand the island's economy.[7] There will be no manufacturing businesses or factories.[3] The southern section of the island has a forest park, adjacent to the Youth Forest Park on the mainland. Before the project is completed additional recreational facilities will be expanded to include an aquarium, a wedding themed square, and entertainment features like a roller coaster and a water activity feature.[9]

Construction began on the project in May 2009. The first phase of the project includes infrastructure development, such as gas and water pipelines and roads. Residents on about one-half of the island have been resettled. In August 2013 a model economical apartment was shown to residents and visitors of the island.[9]

Transportation[edit]

The island may be reached via the Yingtian Street Elevated Bridge (应天大街高架),[10] which is a 760 metres (2,490 ft) bridge that connects the island, and to the mainland at the Nanjing International Expo Center. For the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics, it will be a means of traveling from the its YOG Forest Park to the Nanjing International Expo Center. It is the first pedestrian bridge to cross the Yangtze.[11]

There is ferry service to the island from the Mianhuadi Ferry, which is located by Binjiang Park on the Yangtse. It arrives along the southeastern shore of the island at the Jiangxinzhou Automobile Ferry (江心洲汽车渡口).[2][12] Ferry service is offered through 13 boats from the Zhongshan wharf,[13] which is also known as Zhongshan Pier. It is located at North Zhongshan Road and the Yangtse River.[14] Starting the summer of 2014, Nanjing Ferry Service shuttles passengers, standard bicycles, and electric bikes from the Zhongshan wharf. The ferries are air-conditioned and the ride is about 10 minutes.[13] Other ferry locations on the island are Jiangxin Passenger Ferry off of Puyuan Road, on the southeastern shore of the island and north of the Jiangxin Automobile Ferry site. On the northeaster shore of the island are the Haunzhou Road Passenger Ferry (环洲路客渡口) and Hongwei Passenger Ferry (红卫客渡口) sites.[15]

There is also local city bus service to the island.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nanjing Jiangxinzhou Eco Hi-tech Island. Nanking Government site. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e 5 Nanjing Sites off the Beaten Track. City of Nanjing. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Nanjing Proposed to Build Sino-Singapore Eco Hi-Tech Island". The Grid. Global Site Plans. November 28, 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  4. ^ Best of Nanjing by Season: Summer. City of Nanjing. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  5. ^ "Yangtze Isle greets guests with grapes." Shanghai Star. August 8, 2008. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  6. ^ a b Yiangxin Island. London: ystudio. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  7. ^ a b c Sino-Singapore Nanjing Eco Hi-tech Island. Sembcorp. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  8. ^ "Sino-Singapore Nanjing Eco Hi-Tech Island Development Co., Ltd. and Bayer MaterialScience join forces for sustainable construction". EcoCommericalBuilding Newsletter. December 1, 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  9. ^ a b YOG Forest Park Kicked-off. Nanking Government. September 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  10. ^ Yingtian Street Elevated Bridge. Google Maps. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  11. ^ "1st pedestrian bridge over Yangtze River taking shape in Nanjing". JS China. January 14, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  12. ^ Mianhuadi Ferry. Google maps. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  13. ^ a b Nanjing to launch two new ferryboats in Spring Festival. News in Brief. JS China January 16, 2014. Reissued by Nanjing Expat. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  14. ^ Zhongshan Wharf. Google maps. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  15. ^ Jiangxin ferry, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China. Google maps. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  16. ^ 南京公交 (Nanjing). 南京152路(鼓楼(总站)-江心洲公交总站) (152 Nanjing Road (Drum Tower (Terminus) - Jiangxinzhou Bus Terminus).) nanjing.8684.cn Retrieved May 12, 2014.

Further reading[edit]

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