Jiaoliao Mandarin

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Jiao–Liao Mandarin
Region Shandong and Liaodong
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6 jliu
Linguist list
cmn-jia
Glottolog None
huab1238  (Huabei Guanhua)[1]
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Jiaoliao or Jiao–Liao Mandarin (simplified Chinese: 胶辽官话; traditional Chinese: 膠遼官話; pinyin: Jiāo–Liáo Guānhuà ) is a primary dialect of Mandarin Chinese, spoken on the Shandong Peninsula, from Yantai to Qingdao, and Liaodong Peninsula, from Dalian to Dandong, and along the Yalu River and the Ussuri River, in northeast China. Yantai, Dalian, and Weihai dialects are the standard Jiao–Liao Mandarin.[2]

Jiao–Liao Mandarin is also called Lai (Chinese: ), for the state of Lai and its people who lived on the Jiao–Liao Peninsulas.[3]

Etymology[edit]

Jiao is short for Jiaodong Peninsula. Jiaodong means the east of Jiao-Lai river. Jiao–Lai means Jiaozhou city and Laizhou city.

Liao is short for Liaodong Peninsula. Liaodong means the east of Liao river. Liao is also short for Liaoyang city.

Sub-dialects[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Huabei Guanhua". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Margaret Mian Yan Introduction to Chinese Dialectology 2006 - Page 62 "Jiao–Liao Mandarin Group 胶辽官话The estimated number of native speakers of this group is 28.83 million; it is divided into the following subgroups: ; (1) Qingzhou subgroup (2) Deng–Lian subgroup (3) Gai–Huan Subgroup 5. Zhongyuan Mandarin ..."
  3. ^ Dolmen Culture of Bronze Age, Lai People Fleeing to Liaodong (Chinese)
  4. ^ Yantai dialect (Chinese)