|Water Margin character|
|Rank||98th, Evil Star (地惡星) of the 72 Earthly Fiends|
|Infantry leader of Liangshan|
|Hometown||Zhongshan (present-day Dingzhou, Hebei)|
|First appearance||Chapter 67|
Jiao Ting is a fictional character in the Water Margin, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. He ranks 98th of the 108 Liangshan heroes and 62nd of the 72 Earthly Fiends. He is nicknamed "Faceless".
Jiao Ting is from Zhongshan (present-day Dingzhou, Hebei). He inherits a set of martial arts and wrestling techniques from his ancestors, but is forbidden by a family rule to teach people who are not from the Jiao family. He leads an anonymous life and does not reveal his true identity most of the time, and is hence nicknamed "Faceless".
Jiao Ting wishes to join the bandit gang on Mount Deadwood in Kouzhou and travels there. He meets Li Kui along the way. The fiery-tempered Li Kui is unhappy when he sees that Jiao Ting keeps staring at him. Li Kui raises his fists and wants to fight Jiao Ting, but Jiao is unfazed by Li's bravado or his fearsome beastly appearance. Li Kui attacks Jiao Ting but he is defeated by Jiao, who wrestles him to the ground easily.
Li Kui is impressed with Jiao Ting's skill and asks for his opponent's name. Li Kui then invites Jiao Ting to join the outlaw band on Liangshan and Jiao agrees. Li Kui and Jiao Ting travel to Mount Deadwood to join Bao Xu later. They receive news that a convoy escorting two prisoners is passing by the mountain. Bao Xu, Li Kui and Jiao Ting lead the bandits to attack the convoy and succeed in rescuing the captives, who turn out to be Liangshan's Xuan Zan and Hao Siwen, who were captured by Shan Tinggui and Wei Dingguo in the battle at Lingzhou. Jiao Ting follows them back to Liangshan after the victory at Lingzhou.
Campaigns and death
Jiao Ting becomes one of the leaders of the Liangshan infantry after the Grand Assembly. He follows the heroes on their campaigns against the Liao invaders and rebel forces after they have been granted amnesty by the emperor. He is killed in the battle of Runzhou during the Fang La campaign.
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- Buck, Pearl. All Men are Brothers. Moyer Bell Ltd, 2006. ISBN 9781559213035.
- Zhang, Lin Ching. Biographies of Characters in Water Margin. Writers Publishing House, 2009. ISBN 978-7506344784.
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