Jibia sits along on the Nigerian border with Niger, and the border post was burnt down by a mob in 2005. According to the Daily Triumph newspaper, the mob was "hired" by smugglers angry about the Katsina Custom Command's crackdown on contraband goods. The Local Government shares borders with Batsari, Kaita, Katsina, Batagarawa and Zurmi (Zamfara State) Local Government Areas. Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) operates an ambulatory center in Jibia.
Abu Kassim, a researcher on the history of Jibia, wrote that the origins of Jibia date back to the wars of conquest between the rulers of Maradi and Katsina over territoriality and religion, especially after the jihad of Usman Bin Fodiyo.