Jidvei

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For wines, see Jidvei wines.
Jidvei
Commune
Location in Alba County
Location in Alba County
Jidvei is located in Romania
Jidvei
Jidvei
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 46°13′N 24°06′E / 46.217°N 24.100°E / 46.217; 24.100
Country  Romania
County Alba County
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 4,507
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Jidvei (Romanian pronunciation: [ʒidˈvej], Hungarian: Zsidve, German: Seiden) is a commune in Alba county, Romania, located on the Târnava River. Jidvei is located in the north-western part of Romania, in the Transylvanian plateau. Jidvei was first mentioned in documents in 1309, but traces of human presence go further back in time.[2] The oldest building in the village is the church, which was originally constructed in the Gothic style but was later modified in 1707 in the baroque style. In the 15th century, a fortification wall was raised around the church, of which the gate tower remains.

Jidvei is located in the Târnava wine country, where vineyards have been present since the iron age.[3] Winemaking has been an important local industry throughout the history of Jidvei. In the middle age, the doors of the cellars in Jidvei were built to face the road for commercial purposes. Jidvei is currently one of the most important wine producing regions in Romania.

The commune is composed of five villages: Bălcaciu (Bolkatsch; Bolkács), Căpâlna de Jos (Gierelsau; Alsókápolna), Feisa (Füssen; Küküllőfajsz), Jidvei and Veseuș (Michelsdorf; Szásznagyvesszős).

At the 2011 census, 71.3% of inhabitants were Romanians, 24.8% Roma and 2.6% Hungarians.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comunicat de presă privind rezultatele provizorii ale Recensământului Populaţiei şi Locuinţelor – 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. February 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-26. 
  2. ^ Buza, M.; Stroia, M. (1985). "Ch. 5: Excursii in imprejurimi". Blaj. Bucuresti: Editura Sport-Turism. p. 83. 
  3. ^ Cotea, V.D.; Barbu, N; Grigorescu, C.C.; Cotea, V.V. (2000). "Ch. A.I.1: Podgoria Târnave". Podgoriile si vinurile Romaniei. Bucuresti: Editura Academiei Române. p. 22. 

Coordinates: 46°13′N 24°06′E / 46.217°N 24.100°E / 46.217; 24.100