Jieshou

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Jieshou
界首市
County-level city
Jieshou is located in China
Jieshou
Jieshou
Location in China
Coordinates: 33°15′N 115°22′E / 33.250°N 115.367°E / 33.250; 115.367Coordinates: 33°15′N 115°22′E / 33.250°N 115.367°E / 33.250; 115.367
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
Prefecture-level city Fuyang
Area
 • Total 667 km2 (258 sq mi)
Elevation 39 m (128 ft)
Population 785,417
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Jieshou (Chinese: 界首; pinyin: Jièshǒu) is a county-level city under the administration of Fuyang City, located on the Huang-Huai Plain in northwestern Anhui province, People's Republic of China. Jieshou, an important commercial port and gateway, borders Henan Province on the west and the Ying River, a major tributary of the Huai River flows in a southeasterly direction across the county to Fuyang. According to the "China Statistical Yearbook" the population of Jieshou city stood at 109,103 in 2010,[1] while GeoNames, puts the population at over 140,000 inhabitants.[2] Covering a total area of 667 square kilometers, the county-level city comprises three urban sub-districts of Jieshou, and in the surrounding rural area a further 15 towns and townships make up the total population of 740,000.[3]

Administrative divisions[edit]

3 sub-districts, 12 towns, and 3 townships.

Sub-District: East 东城街道 , West 西城街道, and South Ying 颍南街道.

Town: Guāngwǔ Town 光武镇, Quányáng Town 泉阳镇, Lúcūn town 芦村镇, Xīnmǎjí town 新马集镇, Dàhuáng town 大黄镇, Tiányíng town 田营镇, Táomiào town 陶庙镇, Wángjí town 王集镇, Zhuānjí town 砖集镇, Gùjí town 顾集镇, Dàiqiáo Town代桥镇, Shūzhuāng town 舒庄镇.

Township: Bǐngjíxiāng 邴集乡, Jìnzhàixiāng 靳寨乡, Rènzhàixiāng 任寨乡

History[edit]

During the Qing dynasty Jieshou was part of the Yingzhou Prefecture

References[edit]

Jieshou Painted Pottery 界首彩陶 refers to the pottery produced in Jieshou City of Anhui Province, East China. It was first found in the civil kiln sites of the Tang Dynasty (618-907).

Originating in the Sui (581-618) and Tang dynasties, the ancient painted pottery in Jieshou prevailed in the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911). It inherited the style of Tang Tri-colored Pottery and adopted the exquisite techniques and various styles from other artistic forms, such as Chinese paper-cut and New Year Woodcut.

The main products are utensils for daily use, such as bottles, jars and jugs, decorated with three-color carvings. The thick and primitive shape, vivid carving and unique tri-color (namely, reddish brown, beige and white) style are the characteristics of Jieshou painted pottery. The frequent subjects include characters from folk stories, theatrical tales, landscapes, flowers, birds, fish and grass.

In the process of making the pottery, the first stage is shaping, and then comes glazing and polishing. In biscuit firing, the temperature is controlled at around 700-800℃, but in glaze-baking the temperature reaches as high as 1,000-1,050℃. After baking for two days, the pottery takes on three colors (namely, reddish brown, beige and white), which reflect each other and form patterns.

Jieshou painted pottery, with simple, straightforward and massive themes and colors, displays an aesthetic tendency of folk art which centers on natural and harmonious visual effects. Its primitive and ancient style is well received in art markets both at home and abroad. Its products have been marketed to a dozen countries such as Japan, Poland and Hungary. The Victoria and Albert Museum of the United Kingdom holds some tri-colored pottery products from Jieshou (http://arts.cultural-china.com/en/31Arts9060.html).

  1. ^ http://books.google.com.au/books?isbn=1625131038
  2. ^ http://www.geonames.org/search.html?q=jieshou&country=
  3. ^ http://www.ahjscz.gov.cn/Content.asp?pid=187