Hell Girl

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Hell Girl
Jigoku Shoujo Hell Girl.png
The cover of eighth Japanese DVD compilation of the second season released by Aniplex on August 22, 2007
地獄少女
(Jigoku Shōjo)
Genre Horror, Mystery, Supernatural
Anime television series
Directed by Takahiro Omori
Written by Hiroshi Watanabe
Studio Studio Deen
Licensed by
Network Animax, MBS, Tokyo MX, Kids Station
English network
Original run October 4, 2005April 4, 2006
Episodes 26 (List of episodes)
Manga
Written by Miyuki Etō
Published by Kodansha
English publisher
Demographic Shōjo
Magazine Nakayoshi
Original run November 2005September 2008
Volumes 9
Anime television series
Hell Girl: Two Mirrors
Directed by Takahiro Ōmori
Written by Ken'ichi Kanemaki
Studio Studio Deen
Licensed by
Network Animax, MBS, Tokyo MX, Kids Station
English network
Original run October 7, 2006April 6, 2007
Episodes 26 (List of episodes)
Television drama
Directed by Makoto Naganuma
Studio Izumi TV Production
Network Nippon Television
Original run November 4, 2006January 27, 2007
Episodes 12 (List of episodes)
Game
Jigoku Shoujo Akekazura / Mioyosuga
Developer Compile Heart
Platform Nintendo DS, PlayStation 2
Released September 27, 2007 (DS), September 19, 2009 (PS2)
Anime television series
Hell Girl: Three Vessels
Directed by Hiroshi Watanabe
Written by Ken'ichi Kanemaki
Studio Studio Deen
Licensed by
Network Animax, MBS, Tokyo MX
Original run October 4, 2008April 4, 2009
Episodes 26 (List of episodes)
Manga
New Hell Girl
Written by Miyuki Etō
Published by Kodansha
Demographic Shōjo
Magazine Nakayoshi
Original run March 19, 2009November 6, 2009
Volumes 3
Manga
Hell Girl R
Written by Miyuki Etō
Published by Kodansha
Demographic Shōjo
Magazine Nakayoshi
Original run March 19, 2010July 15, 2013
Volumes 11
Manga
Hell Girl: Enma Ai Selection, Super Scary Story
Written by Miyuki Etō
Published by Kodansha
Demographic Shōjo
Magazine Nakayoshi
Original run April 30, 2014 – ongoing
Volumes 1
Portal icon Anime and Manga portal

Hell Girl (Japanese: 地獄少女 Hepburn: Jigoku Shōjo?), also known as Jigoku Shōjo: Girl from Hell, is an anime series produced by Aniplex and Studio Deen. It focuses on the existence of a supernatural system that allows people to take revenge by having other people sent to Hell via the services of the mysterious titular character and her assistants who implement this system.[1] Revenge, injustice, hatred, and the nature of human emotions are common themes throughout the series.

It premiered across Japan on numerous television stations, including Animax, Tokyo MX, MBS and others, between October 4, 2005 and April 4, 2006. Following the success of the first season, the series was followed soon after into a second, "Jigoku Shōjo Futakomori" (地獄少女 二籠?), which premiered October 7, 2006 across Japan on Animax.[citation needed] A live-action television series adaptation started airing in Japan on Nippon Television from November 4, 2006.[citation needed] A third season of the anime, further continuing the series, was first announced on the mobile version of the series official website "Jigoku Tsūshin".[2] The official title of the third season was announced to be "Jigoku Shōjo Mitsuganae" (地獄少女 三鼎?).[3] and began airing on Japanese TV October 4, 2008.[4]

Plot[edit]

Each episode typically follows the format of a self-contained short story where a person has been suffering torment from an acquaintance to the point that he or she accesses the Hell Correspondence website and submits a request to get rid of the person. Ai Enma, the Hell Girl, appears, and presents a doll with a string that can send the named antagonist to Hell. When the string is pulled, Enma and her companions then torment the antagonist, offering a last chance to repent (which is usually refused), and ferries them to Hell. The price of the contract is that the person making the request will also have to go to Hell after his or her life is over.

Starting with the eighth episode, Hajime Shibata, a former journalist who has resorted to taking scandal photos to blackmail people, begins investigating the rumors surrounding the Hell Correspondence website, and discovers that people are literally being dragged to Hell. His daughter, Tsugumi, is somehow able to see Enma. As the series progresses, they become conflicted on whether they should intervene to save the people involved. In the second season, a mysterious young girl from Hell, named Kikuri, is introduced. Kikuri is able to travel freely between Earth and the Twilight realm where Enma resides. Later, the plot centers around Takuma Kurebayashi, a boy who is blamed by his townsfolk for causing disappearances around the town that are, in reality, caused by the townsfolk using the "Hell Correspondence" website. In the third season, Kikuri returns to recruit Enma's assistants along with a yōkai named Yamawaro, who accepts an old offer from Enma to become her fourth assistant. The story follows Enma's mysterious possession of a young schoolgirl, Yuzuki Mikage.

Hell Correspondence[edit]

The medium through which a client contacts Ai Enma has changed over the centuries. Initially clients would write the names of whom they hated on an ema, which later changed to sending a letter to the address appearing in a three-column newspaper advertisement only visible to those with enough hatred. Once the internet became available, people could access the "Hell Correspondence" website, otherwise known as the "Hotline to Hell." Soon after, the site was adapted into a mobile version that could be accessed from cell phones.[5]

Each medium can only be used at midnight by one who harbors a desire for revenge against their object of hatred. Should someone submit the name of someone against whom they bear a grudge or immense hatred, and their request is accepted, Enma Ai will take them to a realm of perpetual twilight where she offers them a straw doll, whom is one of her companions, with a red string wound around its neck and describe to the client the details of their contract. Should the client pull the string tied around the doll's neck, Enma Ai will ferry the target of the revenge straightaway to Hell. However, once the client's life has ended, he/she will also go to Hell, and a black crest-shaped mark appears on the client's chest to serve as a permanent reminder of their decision to send someone to Hell. However, this mark is no guarantee that the person themselves won't be sent to Hell by another client.

Media[edit]

Anime[edit]

Part of a painting by Kawanabe Kyōsai, featured in the opening theme of 'Hell Girl'

The "Hell Girl" anime series is produced by Aniplex and Studio Deen. It is directed by Takahiro Omori and written by Hiroshi Watanabe. The first season spanned 26 episodes and premiered across Japan on Animax between October 4, 2005, and April 4, 2006. The second season premiered on October 7, 2006 across Japan on Animax. Animax also later translated and dubbed both the first[citation needed] and second seasons[citation needed] of the series into English for broadcast across its English language networks in Southeast Asia and South Asia, and also aired the series across its other networks worldwide in various other languages and different several regions, including Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Vietnam, and Europe. The first season was also licensed for North American distribution by FUNimation. The U.S. cable/satellite channel IFC announced in September 2007[6] that it acquired "Hell Girl" from FUNimation, which then premiered on July 9, 2008.[7] Section23 Films announced that Sentai Filmworks has licensed the second season, with the first DVD set shipping on May 25, 2010, and the second set on July 27.[8] On June 24, 2010, Section23 Films announced that Sentai has also the third season of "Hell Girl," under the subtitle "Three Vessels". The first set was released on September 28, 2010,[9] followed by the second set released on November 30, 2010. Funimation later dropped the series from internet streaming and home media distribution after reaching the end of the license term in early 2013.

Music[edit]

A total of six soundtracks were released by Sony Music Entertainment. Two original soundtrack albums were released for "Hell Girl". The first album contains twenty-four tracks and was released on January 25, 2006.[10] The second album contains twenty-six tracks and was released on April 19, 2006.[11] Two original soundtrack albums were released for "Jigoku Shōjo Futakomori." The first album contains twenty-three tracks and was released on January 24, 2007.[12] The second album contains twenty-three tracks and was released on March 21, 2007.[13] Two original soundtrack albums were released for "Jigoku Shōjo: Mitsuganae." The first album contained twenty-eight tracks and was released on December 17, 2008.[14] The second album contained twenty-seven tracks and was released on March 4, 2009.[15]

Manga[edit]

A manga adaptation all have featured art by Miyuki Etō (永遠 幸 Etō Miyuki?). It has been serialized in Kodansha's "Nakayoshi" shōjo manga magazine since October 2005. The manga was published into three different titles. The first shares the same name of the anime and a total of three volumes were released from January 25, 2006 to October 6, 2008.[16][17] The manga was originally been licensed by Del Rey Manga, and the first volume was released January 2008. The second volume was released in May 2008.

The second manga, titled Shin Jigoku Shōjo (新・地獄少女 "New Hell Girl"?), released a total of three volumes from March 19, 2009 to November 6, 2009.[18][19] The third, titled Jigoku Shōjo R (地獄少女R "Hell Girl R"?), released a total of eleven volumes from March 19, 2010 to July 15, 2013.[20][21] A single manga volume, titled Jigoku Shōjo Enma Ai Serekushon Geki Kowa Sutourii (地獄少女 閻魔あいセレクション 激こわストーリー Hell Girl: Enma Ai Selection, Super Scary Story?) was released on April 30, 2014.[22]

Live action[edit]

"Hell Girl" was adapted into a single live-action television drama series that premiered on Nippon Television from November 4, 2006 spanning 12 half-hour episodes.[23] The series was directed by Makoto Naganuma. The theme song for the series is "Dream Catcher."[24] The live action adaptation features Sayuri Iwata as Enma Ai, Kazuki Kato as Ichimoku Ren, Aya Sugimoto as Onna Hone, Saaya Irie as Shibata Tsugumi, and Kazuhiko Nishimura as Shibata Hajime. Hisahiro Ogura, the actor who portrays Wanyundou in the live-action adaptation is also the Japanese male narrator at the beginning of every episode of the anime series. Eriko Matsushima retains her role as Enma Ai's grandmother in the live action series.[25]


Episodes[edit]

# Title Original air date
1 "Cracked Time"
"Hibiwareta Jikan" (ひび割れた時間) 
November 4, 2006[26]
Yu Miyazuki is relentlessly bullied by Sakurako Endou after being accepted into a university. Yu Miyazuki decides to use the "Hell Correspondence" website and types in Sakurako Endou's name, but decides not to submit it. The next day, Yu Miyazuki is forced by Sakurako Endou and her gang to shoplift, where she is almost caught, and again she types her name but does not submit it. As punishment for failing to shoplift, Sakurako Endou forces Yu Miyazuki onto an older male and takes a picture of them. Yu Miyazuki runs away and tries to kill herself by jumping off of a building but is saved by Enma Ai, who gives her a doll. Yu Miyazuki's university application is denied after Sakurako Endou shows off the pictures and tells her teachers that Yu Miyazuki was the shoplifter. Yu Miyazuki then sends Sakurako Endou to Hell when she refuses to admit to what she did and breaks her father's watch, and finds out that Sakurako Endou bullied Yu Miyazuki because she got into the university and not her. Despite this, Yu Miyazuki decides to try for the university again. 
2 "The Boy in the Box"
"Hako no Naka no Shōnen" (箱の中の少年) 
November 11, 2006[27]
Daichi Nizushima is a young boy who has locked himself in his bedroom. After his father's death, Makoto Shinoda, a manager for the company his father worked at, tells Daichi Nizushima's sister, Ayaka Nizushima, that he believes it is Daichi Nizushima's fault because he does not come out of his room. Daichi Nizushima decides to access the "Hell Correspondence" website and types in Makoto Shinoda's name before being given the straw doll. Daichi Nizushima leaves his room and gives Ayaka Nizushima evidence that Makoto Shinoda might have contributed to their father's death, but Ayaka Nizushima is chased down and falls down a flight of stairs. Daichi Nizushima looks at his father's blog and realizes that he committed suicide because he was given too much work to finish and is computer illiterate, and was harassed by Makoto Shinoda for this. After finding out about Ayaka Nizushima's injury, Daichi Nizushima pulls the string and sends Makoto Shinoda to Hell. The next day, Daichi Nizushima tears down the cardboard on his window and decides it is finally time to see the outside world. 
3 "A Baby's Dream"
"Midorigo no Yume" (嬰児の夢) 
November 18, 2006[28]
A young mother-to-be named Shoko has already had two abortions, but still wants to have children with her lover, Seichi Toriumi, who works as her manager. He says that he plans to divorce his wife, Mari, but said that his wife must not know about Shoko's pregnancy. Shoko types Mari's name into Hell Correspondence, but decides against it and aborts the baby. A few days later, Shoko sees Seichi at the store with a pregnant Mari and their daughter, despite the fact that Seichi said that he has not touched his wife in years. Devastated, Shoko attempts to call Seichi but speaks with his wife about this; Mari does not believe her. As Shoko showers, she feels pain in her womb and is told by her doctor to give up on ever having children now. Knowing her relationship was a lie, Shoko contacts the "Hell Correspondence" website and sends Seichi's name. When she is not given an immediate response, she attempts to commit suicide. Ai brings her to her world where she is saved, and gives her the straw doll. Shoko pulls the string and sends her lover to Hell. Later, Shoko prays for her baby and Enma Ai's assistants say that they can never meet. 
4 "Dusk"
"Ōma no Migiri" (逢魔の砌) 
November 25, 2006[29]
Shibata Tsugumi wakes up from a nightmare and is later tucked in by her father, Shibata Hajime. Nakashima Kenta accesses the "Hell Correspondence" website and types Katsuragi Yoshitaka after having a flashback about a car accident. Next morning, Shibata Hajime meets with Asou Mari, who he's blackmailing. He later meets up with his editor, Inagaki, who has him investigate a car accident where a student died. Shibata Hajime sees Katsuragi Yoshitaka, the owner of the car, asking for donations then advices Asou Mari, who was in the car during the accident, to sever ties with Katsuragi Yoshitaka but she roughly shoves him out of her car. She disappears seconds later. As Shibata Hajime discusses what he'd witnessed with a friend, they are interrupted by Shibata Tsugumi and they walk home together. Shibata Tsugumi has a vision of Nakashima Kenta accepting a straw doll from Enma Ai and describes the doll. Shibata Hajime later accesses the "Hell Correspondence" website but thinks it's a hoax. The next day, Shibata Hajime sees Nakashima Kenta about to pull the string and stopped him. They discuss the accident and the "Hell Correspondence" website and Shibata Hajime goes to call Inagaki. He tells him to drop the investigation and Nakashima Kenta sends Katsuragi Yoshitaka to Hell after confronting him. Shibata Hajime sees Katsuragi Yoshitaka disappear. 
5 "The Epitaph of Lies"
"Itsuwari no Bohimei" (偽りの墓碑銘) 
December 2, 2006[30]
Shibata Tsugumi has a vision of a young woman with a straw doll running from a man with a knife. Enma Ai and Wanyuudo are by a grave in the forest as the doll disappears and a hand shoots up from the grave. A trapped young woman named Misato Honda accesses the site just before a man comes into the room. In the morning, Shibata Tsugumi has another vision of Enma Ai giving the trapped woman a doll; she sees a church in Hachiouji. Inagaki and Shibata Hajime briefly talk before they are told to watch the news about the forest grave. Shibata Tsugumi calls her father about her latest vision but says that he was busy. Shibata Tsugumi angrily ends the call and goes to Hachiouji. Shibata Hajime went to the forest grave and discuss the murder with the inspector before recalling Shibata Tsugumi's first vision and calls her. Shibata Tsugumi, meanwhile, finds a room full of blood before being discovered by the killer Satoshi Abe. She is thrown into the room with Misato Honda and Satoshi Abe, obsessed with having sisters, comes in, forces them to eat peaches and knocks the doll off a high shelf. Misato Honda reaches for the doll. Shibata Tsugumi bites Satoshi Abe and he returns with a knife as Shibata Hajime finds the house. The men fight for the knife and Misato Honda pulls the string as Satoshi Abe prepares to stab Shibata Tsugumi. Shibata Tsugumi feels Enma Ai's presence before Satoshi Abe disappears. The police later rescue the three. 
6 "The Red Thread of Promise"
"Yakusoku no Akai Ito" (約束の赤い糸) 
December 9, 2006[31]
A young schoolgirl, Sachi Sanada, is seen entering the name "Mako" on the "Hell Correspondence" website and submitting it. Her phone immediately rings, and it is Mako, saying that she knows that Sachi Sanada has cursed her. Mako is a girl who lives at an abandoned warehouse, who saved Sachi Sanada as a young child by killing her tutor who was sexually abusing her by pushing him down a flight of stairs. Mako made "Red Thread" bracelets to promise they would be friends forever, but Mako proves to be more mean then loyal. When Mako destroys Sachi Sanada's bedroom, accuses her crush, Minegi, of rape and almost kills him by pushing him down a long flight of steps, Sachi Sanada pulls the string on the straw doll. It is then revealed that Mako and Sachi Sanada are the same person, with Mako being another personality that Sachi Sanada created due to her abuse and started treating Sachi Sanada cruelly because she was afraid that Minegi's presence in Sachi Sanada's life would make her disappear. Mako's half is sent to Hell while Sachi Sanada remains in the mortal world, to struggle through life alone. 
7 "A Promising Temptation"
"Amai Yūwaku" (甘い誘惑) 
December 16, 2006[32]
Shibata Tsugumi senses Enma Ai during the wedding reception of Shibata Hajime's co-worker, Miharu Koyama, and it is announced that the bride's father is also engaged. When Miharu Koyama comes back from her honeymoon, she discovers that her father was conned by his fiance, Kiriko Matsui. Miharu Koyama's parents-in-law also want the marriage nullified due to her father. She confronts Kiriko Matsui that night but she drives off after insulting her father. Miharu Koyama receives a straw doll and Shibata Tsugumi has a vision of it. Miharu Koyama tells Shibata Hajime about Kiriko Matsui and he takes the doll to keep her from condemning herself. He throws it away and Shibata Hajime and Shibata Tsugumi have another fight as they have different opinions about "Hell Girl." Miharu Koyama returns home, finds out that they could lose the house and gets into a fight with her father. That night, Enma Ai returns the doll to her and learns from her ex-husband that her father is begging him to get back together with her. Miharu Koyama later tells Shibata Hajime and Shibata Tsugumi that she didn't pull the string and that everything was turning out fine. Her father, however, sees Kiriko Matsui with another man and she pretends not to know him; causing him to jump off a building. After the memorial service, Miharu Koyama accesses the "Hell Correspondence" website once more. 
8 "Miracle of Christmas Eve"
"Seiya no Kiseki" (聖夜の奇跡) 
December 23, 2006[33]
Near Christmas, Shibata Tsugumi has a vision of Enma Ai walking down the street and going into a bookstore. Shibata Hajime goes to the same store and finds a 50-year-old book with a story called "Descend into Hell." As he reads the story, he sees similarities to "Hell Girl" and finds the publisher of the book and gets the address of the writer, Ryusei Kitagawa. Shibata Hajime goes to meet the writer but Ryusei Kitagawa refuses to talk. He recalls a conversation with the publisher about a serial rape-murder case from 50 years ago, where Ryusei Kitagawa's wife Fumiko was a victim; it was the same as the story. He meets with his inspector friend and he said that the suspect Ryunosuke Muroi disappeared in front of the police sent to arrest him. He returns to speak to Ryusei Kitagawa but the older man has a heart attack. After recovering, Ryusei Kitagawa was, at first, uncooperative but later told him his story and shows him what he's been working on for the past 50 years, paintings of Enma Ai. The largest painting starts crying as Ryusei Kitagawa dies and is brought to Hell by Enma Ai, whom he greeted like an old friend, and she gave him a small smile. Shibata Hajime walks to his friend's restaurant, where he was supposed to spend Christmas with him and Shibata Tsugumi, and finds that they waited for him. 
9 "Compensation for Lying"
"Nise no Daishō" (偽の代償) 
January 6, 2007[34]
Yuuki Natsuko and her friends meet at a restaurant and discuss the reason why she hasn't been going back to school. On the way home, Yuuki Natsuko encounters her teacher, Shinji Onda, but Yuuki Natsuko runs away. In her room, she accesses the "Hell Correspondence" website to get rid of her stalker, Shinji Onda. After a confrontation with Yuuki Natsuko, Shinji Onda speak with Shibata Hajime, who's working on the sexual harassment case on campus. Shinji Onda says that he was set up by Yuuki Natsuko and he lost his job and his family. The article was published and Natsuko feels the public backlash. As she was about to pull the string, Shinji Onda visits and says he will take the matter to court. Inside the house, he was once again set up by Yuuki Natsuko and is arrested. Shinji Onda's son, Takuto Onda, starts to suspect Yuuki Natsuko and follows her around. He reveals that he contacted "Hell Girl" to send her to Hell if she didn't tell the truth. They fight over the doll and Yuuki Natsuko's own doll falls out of her bag. They pull the string at the same time. It is revealed during Yuuki Natsuko's punishment that her doll was a fake. Shinji Onda is freed and Shibata Hajime discovers the mark on Takuto Onda, who regrets nothing. 
10 "Memories of Sadness"
"Kanashimi no Kioku" (悲しみの記憶) 
January 13, 2007[35]
Kyoko Kazama threatens the hospital staff with a straw doll but is steadily losing her memories. Toshihime Honda, a nurse and a doctor, who did not help the daughter after cardiac arrest, plan to do something about the doll as Kyoko Kazama may have overheard Toshihime Honda's tactless disregard for her daughter's life. Toshihime Honda helps around the house to look for the doll and steals money as well. Enma Ai speaks with Wanyuudo about their client as the mother barges into the room and mistakes Enma Ai for her daughter. The father comes home from work and Kyoko Kazama tells him about her day only for him to get angry. She goes through the notebook she writes everything in and sees a reference to the "Hell Correspondence" website. She accesses the site but it doesn't appear. Kyoko Kazama asks Enma Ai to pretend to be her daughter when she realizes that she is dead. Toshihime Honda finds the doll in the daughter's room and Kyoko Kazama confronts her. Toshihime Honda steals the notebook and the doll after taunting her. Enma Ai takes back the doll and returns it to Kyoko Kazama after giving her back her memories. In grief and anger, she pulls the string. Kyoko Kazama loses all her memories soon after. 
11 "Darkness of the Known World, Part. 1"
"Utushiyo no Yami" (現し世の闇 前編) 
January 20, 2007[36]
Shibata Tsugumi remembers her mother, who disappeared 5 years ago, while Enma Ai is in a room with a picture of the Shibata's family with Shibata Hajime crossed out. Shibata Hajime, because of the inspector's visit, investigates Wakatsuki Junichiro and the Natsume Group. Shibata Tsugumi has a vision of the Group beating him up for snooping around. As Wakatsuki Junichiro is about to shoot Shibata Hajime, someone sent him to Hell and Enma Ai has Ren impersonate Wakatsuki Junichiro to save Shibata Hajime. To make up for worrying Shibata Tsugumi, Shibata Hajime plans to take her to the beach but later learns that she's been kidnapped and her bag is left in front of Tetsu's restaurant. He contacts the police who tell him that the Natsume Group aren't involved and asks if his missing wife, Ayumi, might be the kidnapper. Shibata Hajime storms off and meets Enma Ai, who shows him the room. Shibata Hajime realizes that Ayumi's disappearance and Shibata Tsugumi's kidnapping are connected. That night, he receives a video of Shibata Tsugumi that says she will be killed tomorrow at sunset. He accesses the "Hell Correspondence" website and stares at the screen. 
12 "Darkness of the Known World, Part. 2"
"Utushiyo no Yami" (現し世の闇 後編) 
January 27, 2007[37]
Shibata Hajime is brought to Enma Ai's world where she shows him the day Ayumi disappeared. Enma Ai hands him a doll but reminds him that even if the kidnapper is sent to Hell, Shibata Tsugumi is still missing and he hesitates. The inspector then tells him that Shibata Tsugumi might have been kidnapped because of an article concerning Sawazaki someone wrote using Shibata Hajime's name 6 years ago. He also tells him that Inagaki had a debt with the Natsume Group. Shibata Hajime runs into the office and punches Inagaki, who reveals that he wrote the article. Inagaki then tells him that Sawazaki's wife was Nishi, Tetsu's older sister. Testu calls Shibata Hajime and tells him why he kidnapped Shibata Tsugumi. Shibata Hajime meets Enma Ai in front of Testu's restaurant and shows him that Testu was the one who sent Ayumi to Hell. Enma Ai and her assistants confront Shibata Hajime and offer him a doll again. He takes it, is transported to Testu's hideout and sees Shibata Tsugumi not moving. Enma Ai appears before the two men and shows Tetsu Inagaki's deal with Wakatsuki and Shibata Hajime's confrontation about the article. Shibata Hajime takes out the doll and returns it to Enma Ai after seeing the pain Tetsu is in. However, Tetsu takes the doll and sends himself to Hell. Shibata Tsugumi, who's alive, and Shibata Hajime, who's cursed, go home. Meanwhile, the inspector says that the Natsume Group is dissolved and loosens his tie and reveals the mark. Enma Ai continues to send people to Hell. 

Video games[edit]

"Hell Girl" has been adapted into a video game for the Nintendo DS entitled "Jigoku Shōjo Akekazura" (地獄少女 朱蘰?), which was developed by Compile Heart and released in Japan on September 27, 2007.[38][39] Compile Heart made a PlayStation 2 version entitled "Jigoku Shōjo Mioyosuga" (地獄少女 澪縁?) released on September 17, 2009.[40] A puzzle game has also been released on the Konami Net DX service for i-mode-compatible mobile phones.[41]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Anime and memory: aesthetic, cultural and thematic perspectives", de Dani Cavallaro, page 53
  2. ^ "Third Hell Girl Anime Series Greenlit for Production (Updated)". Anime News Network. 2007-12-28. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  3. ^ "New Hell Girl Anime Named: Jigoku Shoujo Mitsuganae". Anime News Network. 2008-03-19. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  4. ^ "Bandai Channel Official Jigoku Shōjo Page". Retrieved 2008-10-04. 
  5. ^ Hiroshi Watanabe (2009-02-21). "Hell Professor vs. Hell Girl". Jigoku Shōjo: Mitsuganae. Episode 20. 15 minutes in.
  6. ^ "FC Boosts Anime, Acquires Three Series". Reed Business Information. 12/9/2007. Retrieved 2009-04-22.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. ^ "Hell Girl Anime Debuts on IFC's Linear Channel Tonight". Anime News Network. 2008-09-30. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  8. ^ "Sentai Adds Asu no Yoichi, Eyeshield 21, Hell Girl 2". Anime News Network. 2010-02-26. Retrieved 2010-02-26. 
  9. ^ "Sentai Acquires Xan'd, Hell Girl Season 3 Anime, Adds New Dubs". Mania.com. 2010-06-24. 
  10. ^ "Jigoku Shojo Original Soundtrack". Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  11. ^ "Jigoku Shojo Original Soundtrack 2". Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  12. ^ "Jigoku Shojo Futagomori Original Soundtrack". Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  13. ^ "Jigoku Shojo Futagomori Original Soundtrack 2". Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  14. ^ "Jigoku Shojo Mitsuganae Original Soundtrack". Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  15. ^ "Jigoku Shojo Mitsuganae Original Sound Track -Soushoku-". Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  16. ^ 地獄少女(1) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2014-07-17. 
  17. ^ 地獄少女(9) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2014-07-17. 
  18. ^ 新・地獄少女(1) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2014-07-17. 
  19. ^ 新・地獄少女(3) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2014-07-17. 
  20. ^ "地獄少女R(1)" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2014-07-17. 
  21. ^ "地獄少女R(11)" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2014-07-17. 
  22. ^ 地獄少女 閻魔あいセレクション 激こわストーリー (in Japanese). Retrieved 2014-07-17. 
  23. ^ "Jigoku Shoujo Live Action" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2014-10-2.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  24. ^ "Drama Detail Data: 地獄少女 JIGOKU-SHOUJO" (in Japanese). Furusaki Yasunari. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  25. ^ "Jigoku Shoujo Live Action". Retrieved 2014-10-2.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  26. ^ "Story: Episode 1" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  27. ^ "Story: Episode 2" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  28. ^ "Story: Episode 3" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  29. ^ "Story: Episode 4" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  30. ^ "Story: Episode 5" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  31. ^ "Story: Episode 6" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  32. ^ "Story: Episode 7" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  33. ^ "Story: Episode 8" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  34. ^ "Story: Episode 9" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  35. ^ "Story: Episode 10" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  36. ^ "Story: Episode 11" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  37. ^ "Story: Episode 12" (in Japanese). Nippon Television Network Corporation. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
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