Jiji, Nantou

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For other topics named jiji, see Jiji (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 23°49′48″N 120°46′59″E / 23.83°N 120.783°E / 23.83; 120.783

Jiji Township in Nantou County
Jiji Township
Collapsed Wuchang Temple (武昌宮) in Jiji following the 921 earthquake.

Jiji Township (Chinese: 集集; pinyin: jíjí; Wade–Giles: Chi-chi; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chi̍p-chi̍p) or Chichi is an urban township located in the west central portion of Nantou County, Taiwan Province. In the past, the Jiji township encompassed a much larger area and included the present-day Shueili Township, but today's Jiji is the smallest of Taiwan's townships by area.

The epicenter of the major 1999 earthquake in Taiwan was located in and named after the township. Jiji today is a popular destintation for domestic tourists and daytrippers. The township's famous early-20th-century Japanese-era railway station, the government-run Endemic Species Research Institute, the annual lantern exhibition held during Chinese New Year, as well as other features, attract many weekend visitors. The most popular activity among visitors to Jiji, however, is cycling. Visitors may rent bicycles, tandem bicycles, three-wheeled tricycles or electric-powered bicycles to tour the area's many backroads. A wide selection of local agricultural products can be seen for sale around the township.

In March 2012, it was named one of the Top 10 Small Tourist Towns by the Tourism Bureau of Taiwan.[1]

History[edit]

Han Chinese from Zhangzhou began arriving in the area in 1771.[2] The name originates from "Chiv-Chiv", a phrase in the Formosan languages.

During the Japanese era (1895–1945), Jiji was a collection and shipping point for camphor produced in the surrounding areas. By 1940, it was administrated as Shūshū Town (集集街), Niitaka District (新高郡), Taichū Prefecture.

In 1946, the district name was changed to Yushan District (玉山區) under Shuili Township (水裡鄉), Taichung County. In 1950, Jiji separated from Shuili, creating Jiji Township (集集鎮) and Shueili Township.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Jiji Township Office.

Population: 11,399[4]

Villages: 11

Geography[edit]

Jiji is bordered by Jhongliao to the north, Mingjian to the west, Zhushan and Lugu to the south, and Shueili to the east. The Zhuoshui River flows westward along the south border of the township. Jiji Township has a total area of 49.72 square kilometres. The lowest point in the township lies at 230 m above sea level and its highest point is Big Jiji Mountain (集集大山) at 1392 m above sea level. The township is very mountainous and is surrounded by mountains on all sides.[4] Climbing up the top, visitors have a great view of the region including the nearby Sun Moon Lake. There are side trails for enthusiastic hikers. During WWII, a U.S. bomber was shot down by the Japanese artillery, and there 4 airmen killed.

Administrative divisions[edit]

  • Jiji Village
  • Heping Village
  • Linwei Village
  • Tianliao Village
  • Ailiao Village
  • Yuying Village
  • Wucuo Village
  • Bazhang Village
  • Yongchang Village
  • Guangming Village
  • Fushan Village[5]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Jiji Township is served by Longquan Station and Jiji Station of the Taiwan Railway Administration.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wong, Hiufu "Taiwan names its 10 top small tourist towns" CNN Go. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-31
  2. ^ "About Chichi(關於集集)" (in Chinese). 2007-02-22. 
  3. ^ zh:集集鎮#歷史. 
  4. ^ a b "Geography and Climate (地理氣候)" (in Chinese). 2007-02-22. 
  5. ^ http://vote2014.nat.gov.tw/en/TV/nm704000500000000.html

External links[edit]