Jilava

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Jilava
Commune
Map of Ilfov county with Jilava commune highlighted
Map of Ilfov county with Jilava commune highlighted
Jilava is located in Romania
Jilava
Jilava
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 44°20′N 26°5′E / 44.333°N 26.083°E / 44.333; 26.083
Country  Romania
County Ilfov County
Population (2002)[1] 11,919
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Jilava is a commune in Ilfov county, Romania, near Bucharest. It is composed of a single village, Jilava.

The name derives from a Romanian word of Slavic origin (žilav, which passed into Romanian as jilav) meaning "humid place".

Jilava Prison[edit]

Cell at Jilava

Jilava was the location of a fort built by King Carol I of Romania, as part of the capital's defense system. At a later date, the fort was converted into a prison.

This prison is the site where, on November 26-27, 1940, the Iron Guard authorities of the National Legionary State killed 64 political prisoners as revenge for the previous killing of their leader Corneliu Zelea Codreanu (see Jilava Massacre); it was also here that Ion Antonescu, dictator (Conducător) of Romania during World War II, was executed for war crimes in 1946 and where on 23 October 1971 the serial killer, Ion Rîmaru was executed by firing squad. The prison also was a detention site for political prisoners after the start of Communist rule in Romania.

It is a functioning prison today.

Coordinates: 44°20′N 26°5′E / 44.333°N 26.083°E / 44.333; 26.083

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romanian census data, 2002; retrieved on March 1, 2010