Jaljulia

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Jaljulia
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew גַ'לְג'וּלְיָה
 • ISO 259 Ǧalǧúlya
 • Also spelled Jaljulye (official)
Djaouliyeh[1] (unofficial)
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic جلجولية
Southern entrance to Jaljulia
Southern entrance to Jaljulia
Official logo of Jaljulia
Logo
Jaljulia is located in Israel
Jaljulia
Jaljulia
Coordinates: 32°09′13″N 34°57′06″E / 32.15353°N 34.9518°E / 32.15353; 34.9518Coordinates: 32°09′13″N 34°57′06″E / 32.15353°N 34.9518°E / 32.15353; 34.9518
District Central
Government
 • Type Local council
Area
 • Total 1,900 dunams (1.9 km2 or 500 acres)
Population (2009)[2]
 • Total 8,500

Jaljulia (Hebrew: גַ'לְג'וּלְיָה, Arabic: جلجولية‎), officially also spelled Jaljulye,[3] is an Arab town in Israel near Kfar Saba. In 2011, it had a population of 9,000.[4]

History[edit]

In Roman times the village was known as Galgulis,[5] in while during the Crusader period it was referred to as Jorgilia in 1241 C.E.[6]

In 1265 C.E. (663 H) it is known that the Sultan Baybars allocated equal shares of the village to three of his amirs. One of these, amir Badr al-Din Baktash al-Fakri, included his section of the village in a waqf he established.[7]

In 1596, Jaljulia was part of the Ottoman Empire, nahiya (subdistrict) of Banu Sa´b under the Liwa of Nablus, with a population of 100 households ("Khana"). It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat and barley, as well as "summer crops", "occasional revenues", "goats and bees", and a market toll. There was also a poll tax, jizya, on the Christians and Jews in the locality.[8]

In the late 19th century, Jaljulia was described as a large adobe village on the plain. The mosque was described as fine, but ruined. A ruined Khan was also mentioned. Water was supplied by a well on the west side of the village.[9]

During the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I, the village was on the Ottoman front line and was damaged by British artillery.[10]

By 1945, the village had 740 inhabitants, all classified as Arabs. They owned a total of 11,873 dunams of land, while 447 dunams were public. Jews owned 365 dunams of land.[11]

After the 1948 war, Jaljulia was on the Arab side of the ceasefire line and its land was confiscated by Israel.[10] It was transferred to Israel in the 1951 armistice agreement but failed to recover its land, which had been given to new Israeli settlements.[10]

Landmarks[edit]

The mosque is locally known as Jami Abu´l - Awn, which associates it with the 15th-century religious leader Shams al-Din Abu´l - Awn Muhammad al-Ghazzi, who is known to have come from the town.[12] The architecture of the mosque is, according to Petersen, consistent with a 15th or early 16th century construction date.[13]

At present the structure consists of one large vaulted chamber, and three small barrel-vaulted cells. A large second chamber to the west was destroyed by British artillery during World War I.[13]

Mamluk Khan, Jaljulia

The Khan is located opposite side of the road of the mosque.

The Khan was built by Sayf al-Din Tankiz, the governor of Damascus 1312-1340,[14] and it was still functioning in the 16th century, when it was mentioned in an Ottoman firman.[15] In the 19th century it was seen by Guérin, who described it as a beautiful khan with a (ruined) polygonal minaret.[16]

Petersen, who surveyed the structure in 1996, found the courtyard entirely overgrown and it was not possible to detect any features within, however, he notes that a 19th-century visitor had mentioned that there was "a great round well" in the centre.[17]

Sports[edit]

In 2010, a tennis school was established in Jaljulia by Iman Jabber and Daniel Kessel. In 2011, 50 girls and 20 boys signed up for tennis lessons. The school organizes coexistence matches between Jaljulia and Ra'anana.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ al-'Ulaymi, 1876, p.148
  2. ^ "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2010-12-18. 
  3. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.230
  4. ^ a b Mixed Doubles, Haaretz
  5. ^ TIR, p. 128, cited Petersen, 2001, p. 175
  6. ^ Delaville Le Roulx, 1883, p. 176- 177, no. 74; cited in Röhricht, 1893, RHH, p. 286, no 1100, cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 175
  7. ^ MPF 92, no 20 Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 178
  8. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 140. Quoted in Petersen, 2001, p. 176
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 288-289
  10. ^ a b c Andrew Petersen (1997). "Jaljuliya: a Village on the Cairo-Damascus Road". Levant XXIX: 95–114. doi:10.1179/lev.1997.29.1.95. 
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970 p.75
  12. ^ Mayer et al., 1950, p. 29, 37. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.177
  13. ^ a b Petersen, 2001, p.178
  14. ^ According to Maqrizi, Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.178
  15. ^ Heyd, 1969, p.110. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.178
  16. ^ Guérin, 1875, Samarie II, 368-9. Translated and cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 179
  17. ^ Ritter, 1866, vol 4, p. 249. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 178

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]