Anderson at the 2013 San Diego Comic Con International
|Born||Gillian Leigh Anderson
August 9, 1968 
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Residence||London, United Kingdom|
|Education||DePaul University (B.F.A.)|
Clyde Klotz (m. 1994–97)
|Partner(s)||Mark Griffiths (2006–2012)|
Gillian Leigh Anderson (born August 9, 1968) is an American actress. After beginning her career in theatre, Anderson achieved international recognition for her role as Special Agent Dana Scully on the American television series The X-Files. Her film work includes The House of Mirth (2000), The Mighty Celt (2005), The Last King of Scotland (2006), and two X-Files films, The X-Files (1998) and The X-Files: I Want to Believe (2008).
Anderson was born in Chicago, Illinois, the daughter of Rosemary Anderson (née Lane), a computer analyst, and Edward Anderson, who owned a film post-production company. Her father was of English descent, while her mother was of Irish and German ancestry. Soon after her birth, her family moved to Puerto Rico for 15 months; her family then moved to the United Kingdom where she lived until she was 11 years old. She lived for five years in Rosebery Gardens, Crouch End, London, and for 15 months in Albany Road, Stroud Green, London, so that her father could attend the London Film School. She was a pupil of Coleridge Primary School. When Anderson was 11 years old, her family moved again, this time to Grand Rapids, Michigan. She attended Fountain Elementary and then City High-Middle School, a program for gifted students with a strong emphasis on the humanities; she graduated in 1986.
Like some other actors (notably Linda Thorson and John Barrowman) Anderson is bidialectal. With her English accent and background, Anderson was mocked and felt out of place in the American Midwest and soon adopted a Midwest accent. To this day, her accent depends on her location — for instance, in an interview with Jay Leno she spoke in an American accent, but shifted it for an interview with Michael Parkinson.
Anderson was interested in marine biology, but began acting her freshman year in high school productions, and later in community theater, and served as a student intern at the Grand Rapids Civic Theatre & School of Theatre Arts. She attended The Theatre School at DePaul University in Chicago (formerly the Goodman School of Drama), where she earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts in 1990. She also participated in the National Theatre of Great Britain's summer program at Cornell University.
Anderson moved to New York when she was 22 years old. To support herself when she started her career, Anderson worked as a waitress. She began her career in Alan Ayckbourn's play, Absent Friends at the Manhattan Theatre Club alongside Brenda Blethyn; she won the 1990–91 Theatre World "Newcomer" Award for her role. Her next theatrical role was in Christopher Hampton's The Philanthropist at the Long Wharf Theatre in New Haven, Connecticut. Anderson moved to Los Angeles in 1992, spending a year auditioning. Although she had once vowed she would never do TV, being out of work for a year changed her mind. Anderson did Home Fires Burning for a cable station, as well as the audio book version of Exit to Eden. She broke into mainstream television in 1993, with a guest appearance on the collegiate drama, Class of '96, on the fledgling Fox Network.
As a result of her guest appearance in Class of 96, Anderson was sent the script for The X Files at the age of 24. She decided to audition because "for the first time in a long time, the script involved a strong, independent, intelligent woman as a lead character." Producer Chris Carter wanted to employ her, but Fox wanted someone with previous TV exposure and greater sex appeal. Fox sent in more actresses, but Carter stood by Anderson, and she was eventually cast as Special Agent Dana Scully. Anderson got the part assuming it would run for 13 episodes, the standard minimum order for American TV networks. Filmed for the first five seasons in Vancouver before moving to Los Angeles, the series would run for nine seasons, and included two films, released in 1998 and 2008. During her time on The X Files, Anderson won several awards for her portrayal of Special Agent Scully, including an Emmy Award, Golden Globe and two Screen Actors Guild awards for "Best Actress in a Drama Series." While filming, Anderson met assistant art director Clyde Klotz, whom she would eventually marry.
In 1997 Anderson worked on the independent film Chicago Cab. In 1998 she starred in the film Playing by Heart with Sean Connery, Angelina Jolie, Ellen Burstyn and Anthony Edwards. Anderson also had a supporting role in the film, The Mighty with Gena Rowlands, Harry Dean Stanton, James Gandolfini and Sharon Stone.
In 1999, Anderson had a supporting role in the English-language release of Hayao Miyazaki's Princess Mononoke, where she voiced the character of Moro. Anderson is a fan of Miyazaki's work. She also took part in Eve Ensler's The Vagina Monologues.
In 2000, Anderson starred in the film The House of Mirth with Eric Stoltz, an adaptation of the Edith Wharton novel of the same name, where she won such awards as the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress, also British Independent Film Award for Best Actress and Village Voice Film Poll Best Lead Performance.
When The X-Files ended, Anderson performed in several stage productions and worked on various film projects. She has participated in narrative work for documentaries on scientific topics. In 2005, she appeared as Lady Dedlock in the BBC television adaptation of Charles Dickens' novel Bleak House, had a starring role in the Irish film The Mighty Celt (for which she won an IFTA award for Best International Actress) and performed in A Cock and Bull Story, a film version of the novel Tristram Shandy. In 2006, Anderson was nominated for a British Academy Television Award (BAFTA) for Best Actress and won the Broadcasting Press Guild Television and Radio Award for Best Actress for her role in Bleak House. Anderson also received an Emmy nomination for "Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie" for her performance as Lady Dedlock. She was nominated for a Golden Satellite Award and Golden Globe for her performance in Bleak House and came in second place in the Best Actress category of the 2005 BBC Drama website poll for her performance as Lady Dedlock (Billie Piper came in first and Anna Maxwell Martin came in third).
During 2006 and 2007, Anderson appeared in two British films: The Last King of Scotland with James McAvoy (2006) and Straightheads with Danny Dyer (2007). Anderson hosted Masterpiece Theatre during the Jane Austen series. From December 2007 to March 11, 2008, Anderson filmed The X-Files: I Want to Believe. Anderson portrayed Nora in Ibsen's A Doll's House at the Donmar Warehouse in London's West End during a limited engagement which ran from May 14, 2009 until July 18, 2009. Anderson had a nomination for Best Actress in the Lawrence Olivier Awards 2010, for productions which opened in the 2009 calendar year for her portrayal of Nora. In April 2011 she starred in the BBC adaptation The Crimson Petal and the White as Mrs. Castaway.
Anderson appears as the head of MI7 Pamela Thornton in Johnny English Reborn, which opened internationally in Australia on September 15, 2011, and to some acclaim as Miss Havisham in a three-part BBC adaptation of Great Expectations that aired in late December 2011. In May 2013, Gillian Anderson appeared in the lead role in The Fall, a drama serial for BBC Two and RTÉ ONE.
Anderson married her first husband, Clyde Klotz, The X-Files series assistant art director, on New Year's Day, 1994, in Hawaii in a Buddhist ceremony. They had a daughter, Piper Maru (born September 1994), for whom Chris Carter named the X-Files episode of the same name, and divorced in 1997. In December 2004, Anderson married Julian Ozanne, a documentary filmmaker, on Lamu Island, off the coast of Kenya. Anderson announced their separation on April 21, 2006. Anderson and former boyfriend, Mark Griffiths, have two sons: Oscar, born November 2006 and Felix, born October 2008. She ended their relationship in 2012. In March 2012, Anderson told Out magazine about her past relationship with a girl while in high school.
In 1996, Anderson was voted the "Sexiest Woman in the World" for FHM's 100 Sexiest Women poll. In 1997, she was chosen by People magazine as one of the 50 Most Beautiful People in the World. Askmen listed her at No. 6 on their Top 7: '90s Sex Symbols. In 2008, she was listed 21st in FHM's All Time 100 Sexiest Hall of Fame.
Activism and charity work
Anderson is an honorary spokesperson for the Neurofibromatosis Network. Her brother Aaron died from the disease and was diagnosed when Gillian was just a teenager. She also supports Children with Tumours, a new UK group devoted to helping kids with NF.  She is also a member of the board of directors for Artists for a New South Africa and a campaigner for ACTSA: Action for Southern Africa. Anderson is an active member of PETA, and supports animal rights. She also supports tribal rights charity Survival International leading to her performance in a London stage fundraiser in early 2010. In late 2010, Anderson and other celebrities joined a campaign to boycott Botswana diamonds over the government's treatment of the Kalahari San. On February 2011, Anderson narrated a short film about recent footage of an uncontacted tribe. The Amazon Indians were spotted from the air on the Brazil-Peru border. Anderson has said, "What comes across powerfully from this amazing footage is how healthy and confident these people appear. I hope they can be left alone – but that will only happen if the loggers are stopped." In June 2011, Anderson became an ambassador for Survival. Anderson has also been active in the LGBT community, particularly with youth. During the Fall 2013, Anderson also joined the Fishlove campaign, urging to fight unsustainable fishing practices that harm the marine ecosystem. 
|1986||Three at Once||Woman 1||B&W student production|
|1988||Matter of Choice, AA Matter of Choice||B&W student production|
|1992||Turning, TheThe Turning||April Cavanaugh|
|1993||Class of '96||Rachel||TV series (1 episode: "The Accused")|
|1993–2002||X-Files, TheThe X-Files||Dana Scully||TV series (201 episodes)|
|1995||Eek! the Cat||Agent Scully||TV series (1 episode: "Eek Space 9")|
|1996||ReBoot||Data Nully||TV series (1 episode "Trust No One")|
|1997||Chicago Cab, aka Hellcab||Southside Girl or Brenda|
|1997||The Simpsons||Agent Scully (voice)||TV series (1 episode "The Springfield Files")|
|1998||The X-Files||Dana Scully||Feature film|
|1998||Mighty, TheThe Mighty||Loretta Lee|
|1998||Playing by Heart||Meredith|
|1999||Harsh Realm||Video Narrator||Voice (uncredited)|
|2000||House of Mirth, TheThe House of Mirth||Lily Bart|
|2005||Mighty Celt, TheThe Mighty Celt||Kate|
|2005||Cock and Bull Story, AA Cock and Bull Story||Herself/Widow Wadman|
|2005||Bleak House||Lady Dedlock||TV series (14 episodes)|
|2006||Last King of Scotland, TheThe Last King of Scotland||Sarah Merrit|
|2007||Straightheads, aka Closure||Alice Comfort|
|2008||X-Files: I Want to Believe, TheThe X-Files: I Want to Believe||Dana Scully|
|2008||How to Lose Friends & Alienate People||Eleanor Johnson|
|2009||Boogie Woogie||Jean Maclestone|
|2010||Any Human Heart||Duchess of Windsor||TV series (3 episodes)|
|2011||Johnny English Reborn||Pamela Thornton|
|2011||The Crimson Petal and the White||Mrs. Castaway|
|2011||Moby Dick||Elizabeth||TV miniseries|
|2011||Great Expectations||Miss Havisham|
|2012||Shadow Dancer||Kate Fletcher|
|2013||The Fall||Detective Superintendent Stella Gibson||TV series (5 episodes)|
|2013||Mr. Morgan's Last Love||Karen|
|2013||From Up On Poppy Hill||Hana Matsuzaki (voice)|
|2013||Hannibal||Bedelia Du Maurier||Recurring|
|2014||Crisis||Meg Fitch||Series regular|
|2014||Our Robot Overlords||Kate||Filming|
- Other TV appearances
- Future Fantastic as herself – July/August 1996
- Concert for Diana as herself – July 1, 2007
- Robbie the Reindeer (Close Encounters of the Herd Kind) as Vorkana, Queen of the Nargathrons – December 25, 2007
- Masterpiece Theatre as herself (host) – January 2008
- Room on the Broom - as The Witch (Voice) - December 2012
- Stage appearances
- Arsenic and Old Lace (1983) – City High School, Grand Rapids, Michigan, two performances, as "Officer Brophy"
- A Flea in Her Ear (1990) – The Theatre School, Depaul University
- Absent Friends (1991) – Manhattan Theatre Club. Won a Theatre World Award for Best Performance
- The Philanthropist (1992) – Long Wharf Theatre
- The Vagina Monologues (1999, London)/(2000, LA)
- What The Night Is For (November 7, 2002 to February 9, 2003). A new play which ran at the Comedy Theatre in London, and was Anderson's West End debut.
- The Sweetest Swing in Baseball (2004). World premiere at the Royal Court Theatre, London.
- A Doll's House (2009) at the Donmar Warehouse in London.
- We Are One: A celebration of tribal peoples (2010) at the Apollo Theatre in London.
- Other works
- Wrote and directed the X-Files episode "all things".
- Provided the voice for the ship's computer in the 1996 video game Hellbender by Terminal Reality and Microsoft.
- Compiled a collection of electronica music inspired by Future Fantastic, entitled Future: A Journey Through The Electronic Underground. Contributed vocals to one track "Extremis", with music by HAL. The song was distributed by EMI Records in 1997. It was a minor hit in both the UK and Australia.
- Appeared in two X-Files games, The X-Files Game and provided her voice and likeness for The X-Files: Resist or Serve.
- Provided the voice for Jenny in the sitcom Frasier, Jenny calls Frasier's show for advice about her boyfriend.
- Provided the voice for Moro in the English dub of the Japanese anime Princess Mononoke.
- Read books Exit to Eden and The X-Files: Ground Zero.
- Narrated movie about the release of footage of uncontacted Indians on the Brazil-Peru border, as part of Survival International's campaign to protect some of the world's last uncontacted tribes.
Awards and nominations
- "Monitor". Entertainment Weekly (1271). Aug 9, 2013. p. 22.
- "Gillian Anderson Biography (1968–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- Merrell, Sue (May 18, 2007). "Charity, celebrity blend well, actress says". The Grand Rapids Press (gilliananderson.ws). Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- "Ancestry of Anderson's family". Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- "Gillian Anderson Biography". Bio.
- Thompson, Jonathan (November 17, 2002). "Gillian Anderson: Just don't ask her about aliens". The Independent. Retrieved October 6, 2010.
- Farndale, Nigel (May 1, 2009). "Gillian Anderson bares all". the Daily Telegraph. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
- September 17, 2007 (September 17, 2007). "Gillian Anderson interview — Parkinson — BBC". YouTube. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
- "Gillian Anderson on Jay Leno Part 1". YouTube. January 20, 2009. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
- "Academic Affairs: Who We Are (Alumni)". oaa.depaul.edu. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Mike Larkin (2012-03-14). "Gillian Anderson confesses to lesbian flings". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
- "Aaron Anderson Obituary". Obits.mlive.com. 2011-11-05. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
- About Gillian "Biography". The Official Gillian Anderson Website. See the last sentence of the tenth paragraph.
- Klein, Alvin (February 2, 1992). "THEATER; 'The Philanthropist'". New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "About Gillian Anderson". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "The Official Gillian Anderson Website — About Gillian — Biography". gilliananderson.ws. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
- "Gillian Anderson Emmy Nominated". Emmys.com. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
- "The Critical Eye – Gillian Anderson". The Critical Eye. November 11, 1999. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Gillian Anderson terrified of theatre". April 2, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- ""The Last King of Scotland" News". www.gilliananderson.ws. February 26, 2007. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "Gillian Anderson in Straightheads". empiremovies.com. September 19, 2005. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "Gillian Anderson". pbs.org. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- Murray, Rebecca. "Gillian Anderson Interview - X-Files Movie 2008 Wonder Con". About.com. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "Review – A Doll’s House starring Gillian Anderson, Donmar Warehouse". May 20, 2009. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- Farndale, Nigel (May 1, 2009). "Gillian Anderson interview for 'A Doll's House'". The Daily telegraph. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- Bamigboye, Baz (February 8, 2010). "Keira Knightley wins Laurence Olivier Award nomination for debut West End performance". Mail Online. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- "Release Info for Johnny English Reborn (2011)". IMdB. September 22, 2011. Retrieved September 2011.
- Gordon, Bryony (December 26, 2011). "Gillian Anderson: 'When he was just 30, my brother was prepared to die’". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- Osborn, Michael (December 24, 2011). "BBC News – Great Expectations: Miss Havisham given 'youthful' air". BBC. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- "TV review: Great Expectations; Fast Freddie, The Widow and Me" December 27, 2011, The Guardian
- "BBC Two Orders New Drama Series Starring Gillian Anderson". TVWise. February 3, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Harriet Lane (May 7, 2006). "The magnificent Anderson". The Observer. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
- "X Files star now to become X-wife". Daily Mail. April 22, 2006. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
- "Boy for Scully and Mr X". The Times (London). November 19, 2006. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
- "Gillian Anderson Welcomes a Son". People. October 20, 2008. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
- "Exclusive: Gillian Anderson, Partner Mark Griffiths Split". Us Weekly. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "The Double Life of Gillian Anderson". Out. March 13, 2012.
- Gillian Anderson Official Site. "FHM No. 81".
- "Gillian Anderson - Most Beautiful, Gillian Anderson: People.com". May 12, 1997. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
- "Top 7: '90s Sex Symbols – AskMen". Retrieved February 26, 2012.
- "The All Time 100 Sexiest Hall of Fame". FHM.
- "Neurofibromatosis Network". Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "Children with Tumours". Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- http://globalgenes.org/gillian-anderson-for-the-global-genes-projc/. Missing or empty
- "Turkey Passes Its First Comprehensive Animal-Protection Law". PETA. Archived from the original on 2004-11-23. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
- "Stars line up in West End to celebrate tribal peoples". Retrieved November 4, 2010.
- Celebrities boycott Botswana over Bushmen, africanews.com. Retrieved June 2, 2012.
- "First ever aerial footage of uncontacted Amazon tribe released". uncontactedtribes.org. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "Lost tribe film footage released for the first time – watch it here". Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "Gillian Anderson becomes Survival ambassador" June 13, 2011, Survival web site news
- http://www.fishlove.co.uk/. Missing or empty
- "X-Files' Gillian Anderson Joins Ghibli's English Poppy Hill Dub". August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "Hannibal' casts 'X-Files' star Gillian Anderson -- EXCLUSIVE". December 12, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- "Masterpiece Theatre Introduces Masterpiece Classic, Masterpiece Mystery! and Masterpiece Contemporary". pbs.org.
- "The G-Files: the search for Gillian Anderson's roots". Retrieved October 4, 2006.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 240. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gillian Anderson.|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Gillian Anderson|
- Official website
- Gillian Anderson at the Internet Movie Database
- Gillian Anderson at the Internet Broadway Database
- Gillian Anderson at the Notable Names Database
- Gillian Anderson at AllRovi
- Gillian Anderson at the British Film Institute's Screenonline
- Gillian Anderson on Twitter
- Gillian Anderson on Facebook
|Host of Masterpiece Classic