Jillian Banfield

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Jillian Fiona (Jill) Banfield (born Armidale, Australia) is a geomicrobiologist and biogeochemist whose work focuses on the fundamental relationship between microorganisms and their chemical environments. Her most noted work includes publications on how microorganisms alter their chemical and physical environments during simulated bioremediation.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

As an Australian native, Banfield’s career began at the Australian National University where she completed her bachelors and masters degrees (1978–1985). She graduated with a Ph.D in Earth and Planetary Sciences from Johns Hopkins University in 1990 under the supervision of Professor David Veblen.[2] Throughout her career, Banfield has been a professor at universities worldwide, including the University of Wisconsin–Madison (1990–2001) and The University of Tokyo (1996–1998).[3] Since 2001, she has been a researcher and professor at the University of California Berkeley. Here she heads their geomicrobiology program and works as a researcher under the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Her current research spans from field sites in Northern California to Australia and from subjects including astrobiology and genomics/geosciences.[4]

Honors and awards[edit]

Research interests[edit]

Jillian Banfield’s group research focuses on how microorganisms impact mineralogy through the connection of inorganic and biological processes. Topics included in her research are sulfide mineral dissolution, soil formation, bioremediation, and astrobiology and extremophiles. An example of her research can be seen in the article titled "Virus Population Dynamics and Acquired Virus Resistance in Natural Microbial Communities" where Banfield and Andersson explain how viruses may shape the microbial community. They rebuilt the virus and host bacterial genome sequences from the natural acidophilic biofilms. They analyzed the viruses by looking for the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPRs) which are indicators of virus resistance. Banfield and Andersson found that massive recombination shuffles the sequence to avoid creating CRISPR spacers. They further found that with existing viruses were only new spacers. This implies that the microbial community quickly acts to promote virus resistance by rapid recombination.

Recent Publications from the Banfield Laboratory[edit]

  • Goodell, C.; Gilbert, B., Weigand, S.,Banfield, J.F.(2008) "Kinetics of water adsorption driven structural transformation of ZnS nanoparticles". The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 112, 4791-4796.
  • Wilmes, P., Andersson, A.F., Lefsrud, M.G., Wexler, M., Shah, M., Zhang, B., Hettich, R.L., VerBerkmoes, N.C. and Banfield, J.F. (2008) "Community proteogenomics highlights microbial strain-variant protein expression within activated sludge performing enhanced biological phosphorus removal". ISME Journal, doi:10.1038/ismej.2008.38
  • Andersson, A. and Banfield J.F. (2008) "Virus population dynamics and acquired virus resistance in natural microbial communities". Science, 230, 1047-1050.
  • Finnegan, M.P., Zhang, H., and Banfield, J.F. (2008) "Anatase coarsening kinetics under hydrothermal conditions as a function of pH and temperature". Chem. Mater. 20, 3443-3449.
  • Eppley, J. M., Tyson, G.W., Getz, W.M. and Banfield J.F. (2007) "Strainer: Software for analysis of population variation in community genomic datasets". BMC Bioinformatics, 8, 398
  • Eppley, J. M., Tyson, G.W., Getz, W.M. and Banfield J.F. (2007) "Genetic exchange across a species boundary in the archaeal genus Ferroplasma". Genetics, in press.
  • Denef V.D., Shah, M.B., VerBerkmoes, N.C., Hettich, R.L., and Banfield J.F. (2007) "Implications of strain- and species-level divergence for community and isolate shotgun proteomic analysis". Journal of Proteome Research, in press.
  • Williams K.H., Hubbard, S.S., and Banfield, J.F. (2007) "Galvanic interpretation of self-potential signals associated with microbial sulfate reduction". Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, in press.
  • Moreau J.W., Weber, P.K., Martin, M.C., Gilbert, B., Hutcheon, I.D., and Banfield, J.F. (2007) "Extracellular proteins limit the dispersal of biogenic nanoparticles". Science, 316, 1600-1603.
  • Rosling, A., Johansson, E., Suttle, K.B., van Hees, P.A.W., and Banfield J.F. (2007) "Phosphorus availability influences the dissolution of apatite by soil fungi". Geobiology, in press.
  • Chen, B., Zhang, H., Gilbert, B., and Banfield, J.F. (2007) "Mechanism of inhibition of nanoparticle growth and phase transformation by surface impurities". Physical Review Letters, 98, 106103-1- 4.
  • Lo, I., Denef V.D., VerBerkmoes N.C., Shah M. B., Goltsman D., DiBartolo, G., Tyson G. W., Allen E. E., Ram, R. J., Detter, J. C., Richardson, P., Thelen, M. P. Hettich R. L., and Banfield J. F. (2007) "Strain-resolved community proteomics reveals recombining genomes of acidophilic bacteria". Nature, 446 (7135), 537-541.
  • Finnegan, M.P., Zhang, H., and Banfield J.F. (2007) "Phase stability and transformation in titania nanoparticles in aqueous solutions dominated by surface energy". J. Phys. Chem. C., 111, 1962-1968.
  • Williams, K.H., Ntarlagiannis, D., Slater, L.D., Dohnalkova, A., Hubbard, S.S., and Banfield, J.F. (2005) "Geophysical imaging of stimulated microbial biomineralization". Environmental Science and Technology, 39, 7592-7600.
  • Waychunas G,.A., Kim C.S., and Banfield, J.F. (2005) "Nanoparticulate iron oxide minerals in soils and sediments: unique properties and contaminant scavenging mechanisms". Journal of Nanoparticle Research 7: 409-433
  • Naicker, P.K. Cummings,P.T., Hengzhong Z.,| and Banfield J.F. (2005) "Characterization of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations", Phys. Chem. B, 109, 15243-15249
  • Baumler D.J., Jeong K.C., Fox B.G., Banfield J.F., Kaspar C.W. (2005) "Sulfate requirement for heterotrophic growth of "Ferroplasma acidarmanus" strain fer1". Res Microbiol. 2005 May;156:492-8.
  • Zhang, H. and Banfield J.F. (2005) "Size dependence of the kinetic rate constant for phase transformation in TiO2 nanoparticles". Chemistry of Materials. Web publication 6.2005.
  • Suzuki Y., Kelly S.D., Kemner K.M., Banfield J.F. (2005) "Direct microbial reduction and subsequent preservation of uranium in natural near-surface sediment". Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71, 1790-1797.
  • Huang, F. and Banfield J.F. (2005) "Size-dependent phase transformation kinetics in nanocrystalline ZnS". Journal of the American Chemical Soc. 127, 4523-4529
  • Ram, R.J., VerBerkmoes, N.C., Thelen, M.P., Tyson, G.W., Baker, B.J., Blake II, R.C., Shah, M. Hettich, R.L., Banfield, J.F. (2005) "Community Proteomics of a Natural Microbial Biofilm." Science, 308, 1915-1920.
  • Tyson, G.W., Lo, I., Baker, B.B., Allen, E.E., Hugenholtz, P. and Banfield, J.F. (2005) "Genome-directed isolation of the key nitrogen fixer, Leptospirillum ferrodiazotrophum sp. nov., from an acidophilic microbial community." Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71, 6319-6324.
  • Allen, E.E. and Banfield, J.F. (2005) "Community genomics in microbial ecology and evolution". Nature Reviews Microbiology, 3, 489-498.
  • Bishop J.L., Dyar M.D., Lane M.D. and Banfield J.F. (2004) "Spectral identification of hydrated sulfates on Mars and comparison with acidic environments on Earth". International Journal of Astrobiology 3 (4) : 275-285.[8]
  • Andersson, A. and Banfield J.F. (2008) "Virus population dynamics and acquired virus resistance in natural microbial communities". Science, 230, 1047-1050.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biomed Experts: Jillian Banfield
  2. ^ Vitae- Jillian Banfield. University of California, Berkeley
  3. ^ Vitae- Jillian Banfield. University of California, Berkeley
  4. ^ JILL BANFIELD, Berkeley
  5. ^ "Benjamin Franklin Medal in Earth and Environmental Science". Franklin Institute. 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 
  6. ^ http://www.lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/Lab-NAS-elections.html
  7. ^ Jill Banfield. Environmental Science, Policy, and Management. College of Natural Resources. University of California, Berkeley. [1]
  8. ^ Jillian Banfield-facutly. Earth and Planetary Sciences. University of California, Berkeley. [2]
  9. ^ <<http://eps.berkeley.edu/development/view_person.php?uid=185017&page=26>>

External links[edit]