Jilotepec de Abasolo
|Jilotepec (de Molina Enríquez ) or (de Abasolo)|
|Town & Municipality|
|State||State of Mexico|
|• Municipal President||Felipe Vega Becerril (2006-2009)|
|Elevation (of seat)||2,452 m (8,045 ft)|
|Population (2005) Municipality|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|Postal code (of seat)||54240|
Jilotepec de Molina Enríquez and Jilotepec de Abasolo are a town and a municipality located northwest zone of the State of Mexico, in Mexico. However, both entities are interchangeably referred to as "Jilotepec". This name comes from Náhuatl, meaning "hill of corncobs". It is located in hilly and forested terrain an hour from Mexico City, Toluca, 40 minutes from San Juan del Río, 30 minutes from Tula and 20 from Tepeji. The Mexico City–Querétaro and the new Transoceanic Freeways converge within its territory that unite the coasts of Mexico from Veracruz to Michoacán.
The town of Jilotepec de Molina Enríquez
The city had a population of 10,503 as of 2005.
The region was originally inhabited by Otomis but were conquered in 1379 by Acamapichtli the Aztec tlatoani (chief). After the Spanish Conquest, Jilotepec was recorded in ecclesiastical records as a village with a singe priest, administrated by the Franciscans with the Brothers Alonso de Rangel and Antonio de Ciudad Rodrigo being the first to evangelize the area. Sometime in the middle of the 16th century, silver was discovered in Zacatecas and Guanajuato, leading to the construction of the Camino Real a Zacatecas (Royal Road to Zacatecas) with passed through>
The municipality of Jilotepec de Abasolo
As municipal seat, Jilotepec de Molina Enríquez has governing authority over the following communities:6a. Mza. San Miguel de la Victoria Palo Alto, Agua Escondida, Aldama, Barrio Pobre, Bosque de Canalejas (Manzana Sexta Canalejas), Calpulalpan, Canalejas, Coscomate del Progreso, Danxhó, Dedeni Dolores, Denjhi, Dexcani Alto, Dexcani Bajo, Doxhicho, Ej. San Pablo Huantepec (7a. Mza. San Pablo), Ejido Acazuchitlán (Ejido San Juan Bautista), Ejido de Coscomate del Progreso, Ejido de Jilotepec, Ejido de San Lorenzo Octeyuco, Ejido las Manzanas, El Águila, El Barrete, El Durazno de Cuauhtémoc, El Durazno de Guerrero, El Fresno, El Huisache (Tercera Manzana de Dexcani Alto), El Magueyal, El Majuay, El Pathé, El Pedregal, El Quelite, El Quichi, El Rincón, El Rosal, El Saltillito, El Saltillo, El Xhitey, Emiliano Zapata, La Comunidad, La Dalia, La Fortaleza, La Manzanilla (3a. Manzana de Dexcani Bajo), La Maqueda (Ejido de San Lorenzo Nenamicoyan), Las Ánimas, Las Huertas, Las Manzanas, Las Pilas, Llano Grande, Magueycitos, Mataxhi, Octeyuco Dos Mil, Ojo de Agua, Potrero Nuevo, Rancho el Tejocote, Rancho la Herradura (Rancho los Gorriones), Rancho la Laguna, Rancho la Providencia (La Noria), Rancho San Francisco, Rancho Santa Ana el Sauz, San Ignacio (San Ignacio de Loyola), San José Ejido de San Lorenzo, San Juan Acazuchitlán (San Juanico), San Lorenzo Nenamicoyan, San Lorenzo Octeyuco, San Martín Tuchicuitlapilco, San Miguel de la Victoria, San Pablo Huantepec, San Vicente, Santa Martha de la Cruz, Santiago Oxthoc, Séptima Manzana de San Miguel de la Victoria, Tecolapan, Teupan, Xhimójay, and Xhixhata.
Jilotepec is located at 1670 meters over sea level it has 586.53 km2 being the fourth largest municipality of Mexico State. According to INEGIs data Jilotepec de Abasolo has 71624 inhabitants. The municipality borders the municipalities of Polotitlan, Aculco, Timilpan, Chapa de Mota, Villa del Carbón, Soyaniquilpan and the state of Hidalgo. At the end of the 18th century, Jilotepec was part of the municipality of Huichapan, in the District of Tula. On March 11, 1824, Jilotepec de Abasolo was created from parts of Huichapan Chapa de Mota, Villa del Carbón, and Acambay.
6,416 hectares of the municipality is dedicated to the production of corn (the major crop), beans, wheat and livestock which is very important activity in the economic life of Jilotepec. Livestock includes cows pigs, sheep, and deer being a major dairy and meat producer. There are also farms with 8.5 millions birds for the production of meat and eggs. The raising of freshwater fish is a growing industry in the municipality as well.
The municipality has two types of industry, the first being family workshops which produce clothes, ceramics and pottery. The second are factories focused on the production and embroidery of clothes for men and the manufacturing of plastic containers and other wool products.
- "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico Estado de Mexico Jilotepec de Abasolo". Retrieved 2008-03-08.[dead link]
- "Principales resultados por localidad 2005 (ITER)". Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- (Spanish) Municipal Official Site