||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2014)|
|The Right Honourable
|Shadow Secretary of State for International Development|
8 October 2013
|Preceded by||Ivan Lewis|
|Shadow Secretary of State for Defence|
8 October 2010 – 8 October 2013
|Preceded by||Bob Ainsworth|
|Succeeded by||Vernon Coaker|
|Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland|
11 May 2010 – 8 October 2010
|Preceded by||David Mundell|
|Succeeded by||Ann McKechin|
|Secretary of State for Scotland|
3 October 2008 – 11 May 2010
|Prime Minister||Gordon Brown|
|Preceded by||Des Browne|
|Succeeded by||Danny Alexander|
|Minister for Europe|
28 June 2007 – 3 October 2008
|Prime Minister||Gordon Brown|
|Preceded by||Geoff Hoon|
|Succeeded by||Caroline Flint|
|Member of Parliament
for East Renfrewshire
1 May 1997
|Preceded by||Allan Stewart|
23 August 1967 |
|Alma mater||University of Strathclyde|
He is currently the Shadow Secretary of State for International Development, having previously served as Shadow Defence Secretary. From October 2008 to May 2010 he served in government as Secretary of State for Scotland. Prior to this, he served as Minister for Europe from 2007–08, the Minister of State for Employment and Welfare Reform from 2006–07, and as Parliamentary Secretary at the Cabinet Office from 2005–06.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Member of Parliament
- 3 Labour Party Groups
- 4 Armed Forces Legal Action
- 5 WikiLeaks
- 6 Personal life
- 7 References
- 8 Sources
- 9 External links
In 1985, Murphy returned to Scotland at age 18 to study Politics and European Law at the University of Strathclyde, although in the event he chose not to graduate after 9 years at Strathclyde.
NUS Scotland (1992–1994)
During his time at university, he was elected President of the National Union of Students Scotland, the Scottish 'special region' organisation within the NUS, in 1992 and served a term of office until 1994.
NUS UK (1994–1996)
In 1994, Murphy took a sabbatical from university to serve as the President of the National Union of Students, an office which he held from 1994–96, during which time he was a member of Labour Students.
As NUS President, he also served concurrently as Director of Endsleigh Insurance from 1994-1996.
During Murphy's presidency in 1995, the NUS dropped its opposition to the abolition of the student grant in line with the Labour Party's policies, contrary to the agreed policy at the NUS Derby Conference. Subsequently he was condemned by a House of Commons Early Day Motion introduced by Ken Livingstone and signed by 17 Labour MPs for "intolerant and dictatorial behaviour".
Special Projects Manager (1996–1997)
Member of Parliament
Murphy ended his term of office with the NUS in 1996 and at the 1997 general election, he was unexpectedly elected as MP for the Eastwood constituency, winning the formerly safe Conservative seat with a majority of 3,236.
From 1999-2001, he was a member of the Public Accounts Committee, which oversees public expenditure. In February 2001, he was appointed as Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Helen Liddell, the Secretary of State for Scotland, after the resignation of Frank Roy over the Carfin grotto fiasco.
In June 2002, he was appointed as a government whip, with responsibility for the Scotland Office, Scottish Group of Labour MPs and the Northern Ireland Office. His responsibilities were changed in November 2002 to cover the Department of Trade and Industry instead of the Northern Ireland Office, and in June 2003 to cover the Scotland Office, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and the Department for International Development.
For the 2005 general election, the Eastwood constituency was renamed East Renfrewshire, although the boundaries were unchanged. Murphy was re-elected with a majority of 6,657 and promoted to ministerial rank as Parliamentary Under-Secretary at the Cabinet Office. His responsibilities included e-government, better regulation and public service modernisation.
He was promoted in May 2006 to Minister of State for Employment and Welfare Reform, with responsibilities including employment, welfare reform and child poverty. In June 2007, he was appointed Minister for Europe. His portfolio included Public Diplomacy.
After Labour lost the May 2010 Election, Murphy shadowed the role of Scottish Secretary until Ed Miliband was elected Leader of the Opposition and Shadow Cabinet Elections could take place. Murphy and Douglas Alexander were the campaign managers for David Miliband's failed bid for the Labour party leadership from 20 May to 25 September 2010. Following the election of Ed Miliband as Leader of the Opposition, in the Shadow Cabinet appointments that followed Murphy was appointed Shadow Defence Secretary on 8 October 2010.
On 3 July 2013, Murphy criticised the Unite union for "bullying" and "overstepping the mark" for allegedly interfering with the 2013 Labour Party Falkirk candidate selection process. The Labour Party later cleared Unite of any wrongdoing.
Quite by chance, Murphy happened to be passing near to the Clutha Bar in Stockwell Street, Glasgow on the night of 29 November 2013, shortly after a Police Scotland helicopter crashed onto the roof of the pub, killing 10 people (including the on-board crew of 3) and injuring 31 others. He was one of the first arrivals on the scene, and assisted the injured before the arrival of the emergency services.
Murphy was appointed as an honorary patron of Armed Forces Legal Action (AFLA) in April 2014. AFLA is a network of UK law firms committed to offering discounted legal services to members of the UK Armed Forces community. AFLA was founded by Scottish solicitor, Allan Steele, who stood against Murphy as the Liberal Democrat candidate in the Westminster Parliamentary election of 2001.
Labour Party Groups
As a Government Minister, Murphy's membership of these groups was suspended in line with the Ministerial Code.
- Vice Chair Labour’s Departmental Treasury Committee (1997–2001)
- Vice Chair Labour’s Departmental Culture, Media and Sport Committee (1997–2001)
- Member of Labour’s Northern Ireland Committee
- Vice-Chair (1997–2001) and Chair (2001–2002) of Labour Friends of Israel
Armed Forces Legal Action
Murphy was appointed as an honorary patron of Armed Forces Legal Action (AFLA) in April 2014. AFLA is a network of UK law firms committed to offering discounted legal services to members of the UK Armed Forces community. AFLA was founded by Scottish solicitor, Allan Steele, WS, who stood against Murphy as the Scottish Liberal Democrat candidate in the Westminster Parliamentary election of 2001.
In 2011, The Daily Telegraph published documents, compiled by a senior US official at the US Embassy in London and published by WikiLeaks, it was revealed that throughout 2009, Jim Murphy was in charge of organising a coalition of Unionist parties whose aim was to "block an independence referendum" in Scotland. The documents state: Throughout 2009, UK Secretary of State for Scotland Jim Murphy played a leadership role in organizing the opposition parties, hoping to move Scotland toward implementation of the Calman recommendations as an alternative to an independence referendum, according to Murphy's advisors, Labour party insiders, and opposition party leaders. First Minister Salmond's response to independence critics (such as Murphy) has been to accelerate the implementation of the Calman recommendations as soon as possible - "to call the bluff."
Jim Murphy is married to Claire (née Cook), a primary school teacher; they have three children. Murphy is a season ticket holder at Celtic Football Club, and captains the Parliamentary Football Team. He is a vegetarian.
- "BBC News". Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- "Daily Hansard - Debate". UK Parliament Website. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "Scotsman News". Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "BBC News". Retrieved 8 October 2010.
- “We are campaigning for the enrichment of life” – Tony Benn makes the case for free education — National Campaign Against Fees and Cuts
- Early day motion 991, 1995 - 1996 Session
- Frost's Scottish Who's Who - Jim Murphy
- "UK general election result, May 1997: Eastwood". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 21 October 2007.
- The Rt Hon Jim Murphy, MP Authorised Biography – Debrett’s People of Today, The Rt Hon Jim Murphy, MP Profile
- [dead link]
- "UK general election result, June 2001: Eastwood". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 21 October 2007.
- "UK general election result, May 2005: Eastwood". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 21 October 2007.
- Eddie Barnes: United we flounder Scotland on Sunday 06/07/2013
- Murphy says Unite “well and truly overstepped the mark” in Falkirk West; accessed 5 March 2014.
- Unite cleared over Labour vote-rigging row; accessed 5 March 2014.
- Maddox, David (2013-10-08). "Scotsman.com- "Doubts over Trident as Jim Murphy is demoted "". Thescotsman.scotsman.com. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
- Hodges, Dan (2013-10-09). "telegraph.co.uk- "Ed Miliband and the strange case of the Vanishing Blairites "". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
- Wintour, Patrick (2013-10-07). "theguardian.com- "Labour reshuffle: a victory for talent or purge of the Blairites?"". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
- Hasan, Mehdi (2013-10-08). "huffingtonpost.co.uk- " Mehdi's Morning Memo: 'Twilight Of The Blairites'?". huffingtonpost.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
- Doubts over Trident as Jim Murphy is demoted, The Scotsman; accessed 5 March 2014.
- Labour's modernisers lose out to high-flying intake, FT.com; accessed 5 March 2014.
- Ed Miliband axes Blairites from his shadow cabinet, The Telegraph; accessed 5 March 2014.
- Labour reshuffle: Rachel Reeves promoted to shadow work and pensions secretary, bbc.co.uk; accessed 5 March 2014.
- Eyewitnesses give accounts of Glasgow pub police helicopter crash, news.stv.tv; accessed 5 March 2014.
- "AFLA". AFLA. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Advisory Council". Henry Jackson Society. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
- "Scotland: Independence Referendum Not Moving Forward In January". The Daily Telegraph (London). 4 February 2011.
- "US embassy cable - 10LONDON126 (original version)". Cables.mrkva.eu. 2010-01-20. Retrieved 2012-03-23.
- "Jim Murphy Bio". Retrieved 10 June 2008.
- "Jim Murphy". Youth Football Scotland. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- Summers, Deborah (7 November 2008). "Labour's Jim Murphy boosts the Gordon Brown bounce | Politics | guardian.co.uk". Guardian. Retrieved 2012-03-23.
- "Knowing me knowing… Jim Murphy". Labour-uncut.co.uk. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- "Jim Murphy MP". Guardian Unlimited Politics (London). Retrieved 9 May 2006.
- "Jim Murphy MP career". Guardian Unlimited Politics (London). Retrieved 9 May 2006.
- "Jim Murphy Profile". BBC News. Archived from the original on 11 November 2006. Retrieved 9 May 2006.
- "Jim Murphy Interview". Public Finance. Archived from the original on 21 August 2006. Retrieved 9 May 2006.
- Jim Murphy MP official site
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Current session contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Electoral history and profile at The Guardian
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- Profile at BBC News Democracy Live
- Articles authored at Journalisted
- Profile: Jim Murphy BBC News, 17 October 2002
|Non-profit organisation positions|
|President of the National Union of Students
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for East Renfrewshire
|Minister for Europe
|Secretary of State for Scotland
|Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland
|Shadow Secretary of State for Defence
|Shadow Secretary of State for International Development