Jim Starlin in 2008
|Born||James P. Starlin
|Area(s)||Writer, Penciller, Inker|
|Notable works||Captain Marvel
Marvel Graphic Novel
James P. "Jim" Starlin (born October 9) is an American comic book writer and artist. With a career dating back to the early 1970s, he is best known for "cosmic" tales and space opera; for revamping the Marvel Comics characters Captain Marvel and Adam Warlock; and for creating or co-creating the Marvel characters Thanos, Drax the Destroyer, Gamora and Shang-Chi, Master of Kung Fu.
After writing and drawing stories for a number of fan publications, Jim Starlin got his break into comics in 1972, working for Roy Thomas and John Romita at Marvel Comics. Brought in by fellow artist Rich Buckler, Starlin was part of the generation of artists and writers who grew up as fans of Silver Age Marvel Comics. At a Steve Ditko-focused panel at the 2008 Comic-Con International, Starlin said, "Everything I learned about storytelling was [due to] him or Kirby. [Ditko] did the best layouts."
Starlin's first job for Marvel was as a finisher on pages of The Amazing Spider-Man. He then drew three issues of Iron Man, that introduced the character's Thanos & Drax the Destroyer. He was then given the chance to draw an issue (#25) of the "cosmic" title Captain Marvel. Starlin took over as plotter the following issue, and began developing an elaborate story arc centered on the villainous Thanos, and spread across a number of Marvel titles. Starlin left Captain Marvel one issue after concluding his Thanos saga.
Concurrently in the mid-1970s, Starlin contributed a cache of stories to the independently published science-fiction anthology Star Reach. Here he developed his ideas of God, death, and infinity, free of the restrictions of mainstream comics publishers' self-censorship arm, the Comics Code Authority. Starlin also drew "The Secret of Skull River", inked by frequent collaborator Al Milgrom, for Savage Tales #5 (July 1974).
After working on Captain Marvel, Starlin and writer Steve Englehart co-created the character Shang-Chi, Master of Kung Fu, though they only worked on the early issues of the series. Starlin then took over the title Warlock, starring a genetically engineered being created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby in the 1960s and re-imagined by Roy Thomas and Gil Kane in the 1970s as a Jesus Christ-like figure on an alternate Earth. Envisioning the character as philosophical and existentially tortured, Starlin wrote and drew a complex space opera with theological and psychological themes. Warlock confronted the militaristic Universal Church of Truth, eventually revealed to be created and led by an evil evolution of his future–past self, known as Magus. Starlin ultimately incorporated Thanos into this story. Comics historian Les Daniels noted that "In a brief stint with Marvel, which included work on two characters [Captain Marvel and Adam Warlock] that had previously never quite made their mark, Starlin managed to build a considerable cult following."
In Fall 1978, Starlin, Howard Chaykin, Walt Simonson, and Val Mayerik formed Upstart Associates, a shared studio space on West 29th Street in New York City. The membership of the studio changed over time.
Starlin was given the opportunity to produce a one-shot story in which to kill off a main character. The Death of Captain Marvel became the first graphic novel published by Marvel itself. (Lee & Kirby's reunion for a Silver Surfer graphic novel a few years earlier was published by Simon and Schuster).
Death and suicide are recurring themes in Starlin's work: Personifications of Death appeared in his Captain Marvel series and in a fill-in story for Ghost Rider; Warlock commits suicide by killing his future self; and suicide is a theme in a story he plotted and drew for The Rampaging Hulk magazine.
Starlin occasionally worked for Marvel's chief competitor DC Comics and drew stories for Legion of Super-Heroes and the "Batman" feature in Detective Comics in the late 1970s. He co-created the supervillain Mongul with writer Len Wein in DC Comics Presents #27 (Nov. 1980).
The new decade found Starlin creating an expansive story titled "the Metamorphosis Odyssey", which introduced the character of Vanth Dreadstar in Epic Illustrated #3. From its beginning in Epic Illustrated, the initial story was painted in monochromatic grays, eventually added to with other tones, and finally becoming full color. The storyline was further developed in The Price and Marvel Graphic Novel #3  and eventually the long-running Dreadstar comic book, published first by Epic Comics, and then by First Comics.
Starlin and Bernie Wrightson produced Heroes for Hope, a 1985 one-shot designed to raise money for African famine relief and recovery. Published in the form of a comics "jam," the book featured an all-star lineup of comics creators as well as a few notable authors from outside the comic book industry, such as Stephen King, George R. R. Martin, Harlan Ellison, and Edward Bryant.
In 1986, he and Wrightson produced a second benefit comic for famine relief. Heroes Against Hunger featuring Superman and Batman was published by DC and like the earlier Marvel benefit project featured many top comics creators. Starlin became the writer of Batman and one of his first storylines for the title was "Ten Nights of The Beast" in issues #417 - 420 (March - June 1988) which introduced the KGBeast. Starlin then wrote the four-issue miniseries Batman: The Cult (Aug.-Nov. 1988) drawn by Wrightson. and the storyline "Batman: A Death in the Family", in Batman #426-429 (Dec. 1988 – Jan. 1989), in which Jason Todd, the second of Batman's Robin sidekicks, was killed. The death was decided by fans, as DC Comics set up a hotline for readers to vote on as to whether or not Jason Todd should survive a potentially fatal situation.
Back at Marvel, Starlin began scripting a revival of the Silver Surfer series. As had become his Marvel norm, he introduced his creation Thanos into the story arc, which led to the Infinity Gauntlet miniseries and its crossover storyline. Here, Starlin brought back Adam Warlock, whom he had killed years earlier in his concluding Warlock story in Avengers Annual #7 and Marvel Two-in-One Annual #2 in 1977. Infinity Gauntlet proved successful and was followed by the sequel miniseries Infinity War and Infinity Crusade.
In 2003, Starlin wrote and drew the Marvel Comics miniseries Marvel: The End. The series starred Thanos and a multitude of Marvel characters, and subsequently, Starlin was assigned an eponymous Thanos series. Starlin then worked for independent companies, creating Cosmic Guard (later renamed Kid Cosmos) published by Devil's Due and then Dynamite Entertainment in 2006.
Starlin returned to DC and, with artist Shane Davis, wrote the miniseries Mystery in Space vol. 2, featuring Captain Comet and Starlin's earlier creation, the Weird. In 2007–2008, he worked on the DC miniseries Death of the New Gods and Rann-Thanagar Holy War, as well as a Hawkman tie-in that became the latest of many stories to have altered the character's origins over the previous two decades. He also wrote the eight-issue miniseries Strange Adventures.
Starlin co-wrote four novels with his wife Daina Graziunas (whom he married in October 1980): Among Madmen (1990, Roc Books), Lady El (1992, Roc Books), Thinning the Predators (1996, Warner Books; paperback edition entitled Predators); and Pawns (1989, serialized in comic book Dreadstar #42-54).
In November 2010, IDW/Desperado published a 312-page career retrospective The Art of Jim Starlin (ISBN 1600107702), written by Starlin and edited/designed by Joe Pruett. The book was also published in a signed & numbered edition limited to 250 copies (ISBN 1600107710).
- 1973: Won the "Outstanding New Talent" Shazam Award, tied with Walt Simonson
- 1974: Nominated for the "Superior Achievement by an Individual" Shazam Award
- 1977: Nominated for the "Favourite Comicbook Artist" Eagle Award
- Won the "Favourite Single Story" Eagle Award, for Avengers Annual #7: The Final Threat
- Won the "Favourite Continued Story" Eagle Award, for Avengers Annual #7 / Marvel Two-in-One Annual #2
- Nominated for the "Favourite Artist" Eagle Award
- Nominated for "Best Comic" British Fantasy Award, for Avengers Annual #7: The Final Threat
- 1979: Nominated for "Best Comic" British Fantasy Award, for Among the Great Divide (Rampaging Hulk #7), with Steve Gerber & Bob Wiacek
- Won the "Best Script" Haxtur Award, for Silver Surfer #1-5
- Nominated for the "Best Long Story" Haxtur Award, for Silver Surfer #1-5, with Ron Lim
- Nominated for the "Best Script" Haxtur Award, for Deeply Buried Secrets (Silver Surfer #12)
- Nominated for the "Best Short Story" Haxtur Award, for Deeply Buried Secrets (Silver Surfer #12), with Ron Lim
- Nominated for the "Best Short Story" Haxtur Award, for Daredevil/Black Widow: Abattoir, with Joe Chiodo
- Nominated for the "Best Cover" Haxtur Award, for Breed #6
- 2005: Received the "Author That We Loved" Haxtur Award
Comics work includes:
- Adventures of Superman Annual #1 (writer, 1987)
- Batman #402 (artist, 1986); #414-430 (writer, 1987–89)
- Batman: The Cult, miniseries, #1-4 (writer, 1988)
- Cosmic Odyssey, miniseries, #1-4 (writer, 1988–89)
- Countdown to Final Crisis #5 (artist, 2008)
- DC Comics Presents #26-29, 36-37 (writer/artist, 1980–81)
- Death of the New Gods, miniseries, #1-8 (writer/artist, 2007–08)
- Detective Comics #481-482 (writer/artist) (1981)
- The Flash (Firestorm backup stories) #294-296 (artist, 1981)
- Gilgamesh II, miniseries, #1-4 (writer/artist, 1989)
- Hardcore Station (writer/artist, 1998)
- Heroes Against Hunger (writer, 1986)
- Kamandi #59 (OMAC backup story) (writer/artist 1978)
- Mystery in Space, miniseries, #1-8 (writer/artist along with Shane Davis, 2006–07)
- New Gods, vol. 3, #2-4 (writer, along with Paris Cullins, 1989)
- Rann-Thanagar Holy War, miniseries, #1-8 (writer, 2008–09)
- Richard Dragon, Kung-Fu Fighter #2 (artist, along with Alan Weiss) (1975)
- Strange Adventures, miniseries, #1-8 (writer/artist among others, 2009)
- Superboy (Legion of Super-Heroes) #239, 250-251 (writer/artist as "Steve Apollo", with co-author Paul Levitz) (1978–79)
- Superman: The Computers that saved Metropolis, one-shot (artist, 1980)
- Superman, vol. 2, #139 (artist, 1998)
- Sword of Sorcery #5 (artist, 1973)
- Warlord (OMAC backup stories) #37-39 (writer/artist 1980)
- The Weird, miniseries, #1-4 (writer, 1988)
- Amazing Adventures, vol. 2, #17 (Beast feature, 2-pages only) (artist, 1973)
- Amazing Spider-Man #113-114 (artist, 1972); #187 (artist, 1978)
- Astonishing Tales (Ka-Zar) #19 (artist, along with Dan Adkins, 1973)
- Avengers #107 (artist alog with George Tuska, 1972); Annual #7 (writer/artist, 1977)
- Book of the Dead (Man-Thing), miniseries, #3 (artist, 1994)
- Captain Marvel #25-34 (full art); #36 (3-pages only) (writer/artist, 1973–74)
- Captain Marvel, vol. 2, #11, 18 (artist, 2000–01)
- The Cat #4 (along with Alan Weiss) (artist, 1973)
- Conan the Barbarian #64 (artist, 1976)
- Daredevil #105 (artist, along with Don Heck, 1973)
- Daredevil/Black Widow: Abattoir (graphic novel) (writer, 1993)
- Deadly Hands of Kung-Fu #1-2, 15 (writer/artist, 1974–75)
- Doctor Strange #23-26 (writer/artist, 1977)
- Dracula Lives #2 (artist along with Syd Shores, 1973)
- Dreadstar #1-26 (writer/artist, 1982–86)
- Epic Illustrated #1-9 (Metamorphosis Odyssey); #14-15, 22, 34 (writer/artist, 1980–86)
- Fear (Man-Thing) #12 (artist, 1973)
- Ghost Rider, vol. 2, #35 (artist, 1979)
- Giant-Size Defenders #1 (9-pages only), #3 (artist, 1975)
- Heroes for Hope (writer/back cover artist, 1985)
- Incredible Hulk, vol. 2, #222 (artist, 1978)
- Incredible Hulk and the Thing: The Big Change (graphic novel) (writer, 1987)
- Infinity Gauntlet, miniseries, #1-6 (writer, 1991)
- Infinity War, miniseries, #1-6 (writer, 1992)
- Infinity Crusade, miniseries, #1-6 (writer, 1993)
- Infinity Abyss, miniseries, #1-6 (writer/artist, 2002)
- Iron Man #55-56 (artist, 1973)
- Journey into Mystery (vol. 2) #1, 3 (artist, 1972–73)
- Marvel Fanfare #20-21 (writer/artist, 1985)
- Marvel Feature #11-12 (artist, 1973)
- Marvel Graphic Novel #1 (The Death of Captain Marvel), #3 (Dreadstar) (writer/artist, 1982)
- Marvel Premiere (Doctor Strange) #8 (artist, 1973)
- Marvel Preview (Thor) #10 (artist, 1977)
- Marvel: The End, miniseries, #1-6 (writer/artist, 2003)
- Marvel Two-in-One Annual #2 (writer/artist, 1977)
- Master of Kung-Fu #17, 24 (1974–75)
- Punisher: P.O.V, miniseries, #1-4 (writer, 1991)
- Rampaging Hulk #4 (writer/artist, 1977), #7 (Man-Thing feature) (artist, 1978)
- Savage Tales #5 (penciller, 1974)
- Shadows & Light #2 (Doctor Strange feature) (writer/artist, 1998), #3 (Werewolf By Night feature) (writer, 1998)
- Silver Surfer, vol 3, #34-48, 50 (writer, 1990–91)
- Silver Surfer: Homecoming original graphic novel (writer, 1991)
- Spaceknights #1-5 (writer, 2000–01)
- Special Marvel Edition (Shang-Chi) #15-16 (then changes title to Master of Kung Fu) (1973–74)
- Strange Tales (Warlock) #178-181 (writer/artist, 1975)
- Thanos #1-6 (writer/artist, 2003–04)
- The Thanos Quest, miniseries, #1-2 (writer, 1990)
- Thor, vol. 2, #37 (artist, 2001)
- Warlock #9-15 (writer/artist, 1975–76)
- Warlock and the Infinity Watch #1-31 (writer, 1992–94)
- X-Factor Special: Prisoner Of Love (writer, 1990)
- 'Breed: Book of Genesis #1-6 (miniseries) (writer/artist) (Malibu Comics, 1994)
- 'Breed: Book of Ecclesiastes #1-6 (miniseries) (writer/artist) (Malibu Comics, 1994–95)
- 'Breed: Book of Revelation #1-7 (miniseries) (writer/artist) (Image Comics 2011)
- Cosmic Guard #1-6 (miniseries) & Kid Kosmos (graphic novel) (writer/artist) (Devil's Due Publishing, 2004–05,07)
- Creepy #106, 114 (artist) (Warren Publishing, 1979–80)
- Dreadstar #27-32 (writer/artist); #33-40 (writer) (First Comics, 1986–89)
- Eclipse Magazine #1 (writer/artist) (Eclipse Enterprises, 1981)
- Eerie #76, 79, 80, 84, 100 (Darklon The Mystic feature) (writer/artist); #101, 128 (artist) (Warren Publishing, 1976–82)
- Heavy Metal (vol 3) #4 (writer/artist) (HM Communications, 1979)
- Hellboy: Weird Tales #5 (artist) (Dark Horse, 2003)
- Michael Chabon Presents The Amazing Adventures Of The Escapist #1 (writer/artist) (Dark Horse, 2004)
- Star*Reach #1-2 (writer/artist) (Star*Reach Productions, 1974)
- Supreme: The Return #2 (artist) (Awesome, 1999)
- Unity 2000 #1-3 (miniseries, #4-6 were not published) (artist) (Acclaim, 1999–2000)
- Vampirella #78 (artist) (Warren Publishing, 1979)
- Wyrd the Reluctant Warrior #1-6 (miniseries) (writer/artist) (Slave Labor Graphics, 1999)
- Amazing Adventures (vol. 2) #27 (Marvel Comics, 1974)
- Avengers #120, 135 (Marvel Comics, 1974–75)
- Captain Marvel (vol. 2) #17-18 (Marvel comics, 2000)
- Captain America #162 (Marvel Comics, 1973)
- Comic Book Artist #18 (Twomorrows Publishing, 2002)
- Daredevil #107 (Marvel Comics, 1974)
- The Defenders #110 (Marvel Comics, 1982)
- Dreadstar (1994 series) #1-2 (Malibu Comics, 1994)
- Green Lantern #129, 133 (DC Comics, 1980)
- Incredible Hulk (vol. 2) #217 (Marvel Comics, 1977)
- Iron Man #68, 100, 160, 163 (Marvel Comics, 1974–82)
- Jonah Hex #12 (DC Comics, 1978)
- Jungle Action (vol 2) #3 (Marvel Comics, 1973)
- Justice League of America #178-180, 183, 185 (DC Comics, 1980)
- Man-Thing #2 (Marvel Comics, 1974)
- Marvel Preview #13-14 (Marvel Comics, 1978)
- Marvel Super-Heroes #33, 47 (Marvel Comics, 1972–74)
- Marvel Team-Up #27 (Marvel Comics, 1974)
- Marvel Two-In-One #6 (Marvel Comics, 1974)
- Marvel's Greatest Comics #39, 41 (Marvel Comics, 1973)
- The Mighty World of Marvel #2-20, 22, 24, 26 (Marvel UK, 1972)
- Miracleman #4 (Eclipse Comics, 1985)
- Rampaging Hulk #5 (Marvel Comics, 1977)
- Super-Villain Team-Up #6 (Marvel Comics, 1976)
- DC Comics Classics Library: A Death In The Family, 272 pages, September 2009, DC Comics, ISBN 9781401225162
- Death of the New Gods, 256 pages, September 2008, DC Comics, ISBN 978-1401218393
- Dreadstar: The Beginning, 230 pages, May 2010, Dynamite, ISBN 978-1606901199
- Dreadstar: The Definitive Collection, 376 pages, September 2004, Dynamite, ISBN 978-0974963808
- Marvel Masterworks: Captain Marvel vol. 3, 288 pages, April 2008, Marvel Comics, ISBN 978-0785130154
- Marvel Masterworks: Warlock vol. 2, 336 pages, July 2009, Marvel Comics, ISBN 978-0785135111
- Marvel Premiere Classic vol. 43: The Death of Captain Marvel, 128 pages, January 2010, Marvel Comics, ISBN 978-0785146278
- Marvel Premiere Classic vol. 46: The Infinity Gauntlet, 256 pages, July 2010, Marvel Comics, ISBN 978-0785145509
- Marvel Premiere Classic vol. 47: Silver Surfer: Rebirth of Thanos, 224 pages, July 2010, Marvel Comics, ISBN 978-0785144786
- Marvel Premiere Classic vol. 52: Marvel Universe: The End, 168 pages, January 2011, Marvel Comics, ISBN 978-0785145714
- Cosmic Guard (Kid Kosmos), 132 pages, April 2008, Dynamite, ISBN 978-1933305028
- Dreadstar: The Definitive Collection
- Death of the New Gods, 256 pages, August 2009, DC Comics, ISBN 978-1401222116
- Essential Doctor Strange volume 3, 616 pages, December 2007, Marvel Comics, ISBN 978-0785127338
- Essential Marvel Two-In-One
- Essential Rampaging Hulk volume 1, 584 pages, May 2008, Marvel Comics, ISBN 978-0785126997
- Infinity Abyss, 176 pages, March 2003, Marvel Comics, ISBN 978-0785109853
- Infinity War, 400 pages, April 2006, Marvel Comics, ISBN 978-0785121053
- Infinity Crusade
- Thanos: Epiphany, 144 pages, August 2004, Marvel Comics, ISBN 978-0785113553
- Camelot 4005 (seven black-and-white and one colour plates) (Bob Hakins, 1978)
- Insanity (six black-and-white prints) (Middle Earth, 1974)
- Metamorphosis Odyssey (four colour plates) (S.Q. Productions, 1980)
- "Jim Starlin". Facebook. Retrieved October 10, 2012. Note: Birth date is listed as October 19 at Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Archived from the original on October 29, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "Gangway, World! Madcap Marvel Marches Merrily On!" (Marvel Bullpen Bulletins page in Sgt Fury and his Howling Commandos #104 and other Marvel Comics cover-dated November 1972)
- Starlin, in Jones, Seth (August 5, 2008). "CCI: The World of Steve Ditko". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- Jim Starlin at the Grand Comics Database
- Cooke, Jon B. (2005). "Everybody was Kung Fu Watchin'! The Not-So-Secret Origin of Shang-Chi, Kung-Fu Master!". Comic Book Artist Collection: Volume 3. TwoMorrows Publishing. pp. 6–7. ISBN 1-893905-42-X.
- Daniels, Les (1991). Marvel: Five Fabulous Decades of the World's Greatest Comics. Harry N. Abrams. p. 162. ISBN 9780810938212.
- Cooke, Jon B. "Simonson Says The Man of Two Gods Recalls His 25+ Years in Comics" Comic Book Artist #10 (Oct. 2000) TwoMorrows Publishing p. 25
- Nolen-Weathington, Eric (2006). Modern Masters, Volume 8: Walter Simonson. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 34. ISBN 1-893905-64-0. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- Manning, Matthew K.; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1980s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. "Artist Jim Starlin displayed his penchant for portraying powerful cosmic villains with the debut of Mongul, a new threat to plague Superman's life, in a story written by Len Wein."
- The Price October 1981 Eclipse Comics at the Grand Comics Database
- Marvel Graphic Novel #3 (Dreadstar) 1982 Marvel Comics at the Grand Comics Database
- Dreadstar Epic Comics series at the Grand Comics Database
- Dreadstar First Comics series at the Grand Comics Database
- Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 219: "Plotted by Jim Starlin, with dramatic designs by Bernie Wrightson...Heroes Against Hunger featured nearly every popular DC creator of the time."
- Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 233: "Using the Cold War as their backdrop, writer Jim Starlin and artist Jim Aparo crafted the four-part storyline 'Ten Nights of the Beast'."
- Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 234: "Writer Jim Starlin took the Dark Knight into the depths of Gotham for the four-issue prestige format Batman: The Cult...with horror artist Bernie Wrightson."
- Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 235: "Written by Jim Starlin, with art by Jim Aparo and haunting covers by Mike Mignola, 'A Death in the Family' proved a best seller with readers in both single-issue and trade paperback form."
- Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 235: "Writer Jim Starlin and artist Mike Mignola teamed up for a sci-fi miniseries that spanned the [DC Universe]."
- Cowsill, Alan "2000s" in Dolan, p. 327: "[Mystery in Space] returned for an eight-issue run featuring Captain Comet, and was written by Jim Starlin and drawn by Shane Davis. It also contained a back-up strip starring the Weird, written and drawn by Starlin."
- Cowsill "2000s" in Dolan, p. 331: "Writer and artist Jim Starlin helmed this eight-part series as a mysterious force brought destruction to the inhabitants of the Fourth World."
- Ekstrom, Steve (July 31, 2008). "Jim Starlin: Hawkman - The Special and Beyond?". Newsarama. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- "Exclusive DC Preview - 'Strange Adventures #1'". Newsarama. March 4, 2009. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- Shooter, Jim. "Bullpen Bulletins," Marvel comics cover-dated July 1981.
- 1973 Academy of Comic Book Arts Awards
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Jim Starlin|
- Jim Starlin at the Comic Book DB
- Jim Starlin at Lambiek's Comicclopedia
- "Jim Starlin Returns to Known Space", Comic Wire, Comic Book Resources, November 16, 2000
- "The Cosmic Code Authority Speaks!", Comic Book Artist #18, TwoMorrows Publishing, April, 2002
- Jim Starlin interview, Adelaide Comics and Books (2003). WebCite archive
- Jim Starlin Interview (Part 1) (Part 2), Newsarama, July 16, 2006
- Review: The Art of Jim Starlin: A Life in Words and Pictures, Comic Book Resources, November 9, 2010
- "Dreadstar December", Comics Should Be Good, Comic Book Resources, December 2010
Peter David (writer)
Luke McDonnell (artist)
Max Allan Collins
Tom DeFalco & Ron Frenz
(with Ron Marz)