Today, Jimena's population of around 10,000 has been made up of an increasing number of Britishex-pats.
The town is served by road and rail. The main road stretches north to Ronda, and south to San Roque. The railway station is situated just outside the town in nearby Estación de Jimena. Several trains a day stop at Jimena on the line between Algeciras and Granada.
The castle was built on the hill by the Moors around 750 A.D. as part of making Jimena a strategic military position, today it is known as Castillo de Jimena. Views stretch as far Gibraltar to the south. It is believed that the castle was built on Roman ruins, constructed using locally sourced limestone.