Jimmy Dorsey

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Jimmy Dorsey
Jimmy dorsey.jpg
Jimmy Dorsey playing alto saxophone in The Fabulous Dorseys (1947).
Background information
Birth name James Dorsey
Born (1904-02-29)February 29, 1904
Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died June 12, 1957(1957-06-12) (aged 53)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Genres Big Band, Swing, Dixieland
Occupations Bandleader, musician, composer
Instruments Saxophone, Clarinet, Trumpet
Years active 1920s–1950s
Associated acts Tommy Dorsey, California Ramblers, The Dorsey Brothers, The Charleston Chasers, Dorsey's Novelty Six, Andrew LaPrise

James "Jimmy" Dorsey (February 29, 1904 – June 12, 1957) was a prominent American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, trumpeter, composer, and big band leader. He was known as "JD". He composed the jazz and pop standards "I'm Glad There Is You (In This World of Ordinary People)" and "It's The Dreamer In Me".

Overview[edit]

Jimmy Dorsey was born in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, the son of a coal miner turned music educator, and older brother of Tommy Dorsey who also became a prominent musician. He played trumpet in his youth, appearing on stage with J. Carson McGee's King Trumpeters in 1913.[1] He switched to alto saxophone in 1915, and then learned to double on clarinet. Jimmy Dorsey played on a clarinet outfitted with the Albert system of fingering, as opposed to the more common Boehm system used by most of his contemporaries including Benny Goodman and Artie Shaw.[2]

With his brother Tommy playing trombone, he formed Dorsey’s Novelty Six, one of the first jazz bands to broadcast. In 1924 he joined the California Ramblers (who were based in New York City). He did much free lance radio and recording work throughout the 1920s. In 1924 he married Jane Porter.[3] The brothers also appeared as session musicians on many jazz recordings. He joined Ted Lewis's band in 1930, with whom he toured Europe.[2]

After returning to the United States, he worked briefly with Rudy Vallee and several other bandleaders, in addition to the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra with Tommy. He appeared on at least seventy-five radio broadcasts (many with his brother), as a member of Nathaniel Shilkret's orchestra on programs such as the 1932 program, "The Music That Satisfies," also known as the Chesterfield Quarter Hour. Future bandleader Glenn Miller was a member of the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra in 1934 and 1935, composing "Annie's Cousin Fanny",[4] "Tomorrow's Another Day", "Harlem Chapel Chimes", and "Dese Dem Dose", all recorded for Decca,[5] for the band. Tommy broke off from the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra to form his own band in 1935 after a musical dispute with Jimmy.[1] The Dorsey Brothers Orchestra became the Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra, and included musicians such as Bobby Byrne, Ray McKinley, and Skeets Herfurt along with vocalists Bob Eberly and Kay Weber.[2]

In 1939 Jimmy hired Helen O'Connell as his female singer.[6] She and Eberly possessed a "boy and girl next door" charm and their pairing produced several of the band's biggest hits. Many of the Eberly-O'Connell recordings were arranged in an unusual 3-section "a-b-c" format. The three-part format was reportedly developed at the insistence of a record producer who wanted to feature both singers and the full band in a single 3-minute 78 rpm recording. Eberly sang the first minute, usually as a slow romantic ballad, the next minute featured the full band backing Jimmy's saxophone, and the last minute was sung by O'Connell in a more up-tempo style, sometimes with lyrics in Spanish.[2] Kitty Kallen sang with the Jimmy Dorsey orchestra following Helen O'Connell's departure in 1942.[7]Jerry Lewis' first wife Patti Palmer (birth name Esther Calonico) was a singer with his orchestra for less than a year, starting about 1944.[8]

Jimmy continued leading his own band until the early 1950s. In 1949 he and Jane Porter were divorced. In 1953 he joined Tommy's Orchestra, renamed "Tommy Dorsey and his Orch. featuring Jimmy Dorsey". On December 26, 1953, the brothers and their orchestra appeared on Jackie Gleason's CBS television program.[9] The success of that television appearance led Gleason to produce a weekly variety program, Stage Show, hosted by the brothers on CBS from 1954 to 1956. Elvis Presley appeared on several of the telecasts.[10] These were Presley's first appearances on national TV.[11]

Jimmy took over leadership of the orchestra after Tommy's death. Jimmy survived his brother by only a few months and died of throat cancer, aged 53, in New York City. Broadcasts of Jimmy Dorsey and The Fabulous Dorsey Orchestra on NBC Bandstand survive from December 25, and December 31, 1956.[12] At least two other extant broadcasts from the month of December 1956 are available as well. Recordings of the band from their winter 1957 tour have not surfaced. These recordings would provide the last aural evidence of Jimmy Dorsey's work. It is thought that Dorsey's last appearance was in Joplin, Missouri, on March 12, 1957.[12]

Shortly before his death, he was awarded a gold record for "So Rare" which was recorded on November 11, 1956. There is a controversy over who played the alto solo on the recording of "So Rare", Dick Stabile or Jimmy Dorsey.[13] It reached the number-two spot on the Billboard charts, becoming the highest charting song by a big band during the first decade of the rock-and-roll era.

Jimmy Dorsey is considered one of the most important and influential alto saxophone players of the Big Band and Swing era,[14] and also after that era. Jazz saxophonists Lester Young and Charlie Parker both acknowledge him as an important influence on their styles.[15]

Career[edit]

During his early days as a musician, Jimmy Dorsey performed with various other ensembles and artists including the Scranton Sirens, The California Ramblers, Red Nichols, Jean Goldkette, Ben Pollack, and Paul Whiteman. He and his younger brother Tommy formed several bands known as “The Dorsey Brothers Orchestra” during the late 1920s and early 1930s which suddenly ended in May, 1935, when Tommy stormed off the bandstand after an onstage argument. For several months, Jimmy continued leading the band, keeping the Dorsey Brothers name, hoping that his younger brother would return. In September, 1935, the Dorsey Brothers band legally became the "Jim Dorsey Orchestra", after Jimmy found out that Tommy Dorsey now had his own band, and had signed a recording contract with RCA Victor. Jimmy Dorsey remained with Decca Records as the two brothers were now competing with each other musically.

Jimmy Dorsey's first hit record was "You Let Me Down" in 1935. His early band was considered to be more jazz-oriented than his brother's, and recordings of some instrumental swing classics soon followed: Dorsey Stomp, Tap Dancer's Nightmare, Parade of the Milk Bottle Caps, John Silver, and Dusk in Upper Sandusky. The band was featured on Bing Crosby's Kraft Music Hall radio show, and did well commercially, although being overshadowed by Benny Goodman, (also a clarinetist), whose big band had grabbed center stage in the mid thirties. Dorsey's main vocalist was Bob Eberly, considered to be the best in the music business, and in 1939, Helen O'Connell joined the band, and the idea to have them perform duets proved to be highly successful. Almost every record released during 1939–1943 were hits, but especially records made with a Latin American flavor like “Amapola”, "Maria Elena", and “Green Eyes”, which topped the charts in 1941. They continued singing with his band for future records and motion picture appearances. Despite personnel changes, Jimmy remained one of the top big band leaders after World War II and into the 1950s, always updating the sound of his band, but the big band business was beginning to decline.

Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey reunited on March 15, 1945, to record a V-Disc at Liederkranz Hall in New York City. Released in June, 1945, V-Disc 451 featured "More Than You Know" backed with "Brotherly Jump". The songs featured the combined orchestras of Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey.

In 1953, he and his brother reunited to form a (new) “Dorsey Brothers Orchestra.” Tommy was the leader of the group, making Jimmy the co-leader and featured soloist. In 1954, Jackie Gleason chose their band to star in a weekly television show that centered on their band. The show, called “Stage Show,” was a huge hit, and gave other big band leaders hope in a business that was steadily declining.

The Dorsey brothers' deaths (Tommy choked to death in his sleep in 1956 and Jimmy died from cancer in 1957) brought an end to the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra. At the time of his death on June 12, 1957, Jimmy's final hit song, "So Rare", was in 2nd place on the music charts. It marked Dorsey's attempt to begin playing Rock music and marked a significant departure from his earlier work. This final recording sold 500,000 copies and Jimmy received a gold record for it. [16]

Movie appearances[edit]

Jimmy Dorsey appeared in a number of Hollywood motion pictures, including That Girl From Paris, Shall We Dance, The Fleet's In, Lost in a Harem with Abbot and Costello, I Dood It, and the bio-pic with his brother Tommy, The Fabulous Dorseys in 1947.

In 1938, Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra also appeared in a movie short performing many of his hits including "It's the Dreamer in Me", "I Love You in Technicolor", and "Parade of the Milk Bottle Caps".

Compositions by Jimmy Dorsey[edit]

1942 sheet music cover for "I'm Glad There Is You", Mayfair Music Corp., New York.

Jimmy Dorsey composed "Mood Hollywood", "Shim Sham Shimmy", "So Many Times", which reached no. 20 in 1939 on Billboard, staying on the charts for one week,[17] also recorded by Glenn Miller and his Orchestra and Jack Teagarden and his Orchestra, "Beebe", "Oodles of Noodles", "John Silver" with Ray Krise, which reached no. 13 on Billboard in 1938, staying on the charts for 2 weeks, "Parade of the Milk Bottle Caps", "Dusk in Upper Sandusky" with Larry Clinton, "Shoot the Meatballs to Me Dominick Boy" with Toots Camarata, "A Man and his Drums", "Mutiny in the Brass Section", "Praying the Blues", "Contrasts", his theme song; "Major and Minor Stomp", "Hep-Tee Hootie (Juke Box Jive)" with Fud Livingston and Jack Palmer, "I Bought A Wooden Whistle", "Tailspin" with Frankie Trumbauer, the classic jazz standard "I'm Glad There Is You (In This World of Ordinary People)", "Clarinet Polka", "I Love You in Technicolor", "All The Things You Ain't" with Babe Russin, "JD's Boogie Woogie", "Jumpin' Jehosaphat", "I'll Do Anything For You", "Any Time at All", "Two Again", "It's Anybody's Moon", "Dixieland Detour", "Shades of Twilight", "Dorsey Stomp", "Grand Central Getaway" with Dizzy Gillespie, "Sunset Strip" and "The Champ" with Sonny Burke, "Town Hall Tonight", "Outer Drive" with Herb Ellis, the jazz standard "It's the Dreamer in Me" with Jimmy Van Heusen, recorded by Duke Ellington and others.

Jimmy Dorsey co-wrote the jazz and pop standard "I'm Glad There Is You (In This World of Ordinary People)" with Paul Madeira, who is also known as Paul Madeira Mertz, in 1941. Jimmy Dorsey and Paul Madeira Mertz collaborated on the lyrics and the music. Mertz had been a pianist in the Bix Beiderbecke band in the 1920s and had worked in Hollywood on film music in the 1930s. Jimmy Dorsey originally released the song as a 78 on Decca as 4197B in 1942 with Bob Eberly on vocals.[18] Jimmy Dorsey also released the song as Decca 18799A with Dee Parker on vocals in 1946.

Number-one hits[edit]

Jimmy Dorsey had eleven number one hits with his orchestra in the 1930s and the 1940s: "Is It True What They Say About Dixie?", "Change Partners", "The Breeze and I", "Amapola", "My Sister and I", "Maria Elena", "Green Eyes", "Blue Champagne",[6] "Tangerine", "Besame Mucho", and "Pennies from Heaven" with Bing Crosby. In 1935, he had two more number ones as part of the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra: "Lullaby of Broadway" and "Chasing Shadows". His biggest hit was "Amapola", which was number one for ten weeks in 1941 on the Billboard pop singles chart. On August 17, 1936, Bing Crosby recorded "Pennies from Heaven" with the Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra, a recording that went number one for ten weeks and became one of the top records of 1936. And finally, there was a late hit in 1957, "So Rare", which went to the No. 2 position, and was on the record charts for 26 weeks.

Honors[edit]

In 1996, the U.S. Postal Service issued a Jimmy Dorsey and Tommy Dorsey commemorative postage stamp.

In 2008, the Recording Academy added the 1942 recording of "Brazil (Aquarela do Brasil)", Decca 18460B, by Jimmy Dorsey & His Orchestra with Bob Eberle and Helen O'Connell on vocals to the Grammy Hall of Fame.

In 1983, Jimmy Dorsey was inducted into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame. He is also a member of the American Jazz Hall of Fame.

Partial filmography[edit]

V-Disc Recordings[edit]

  • Julia, No. 117A, 1944
  • Contrast, No. 117A, 1944
  • John Silver, No. 117B, 1944
  • That Wonderful, Worrisome Feeling, No. 157A, March, 1944
  • Star Eyes, No. 174A, April, 1944
  • The Champ, No. 195A, May, 1944
  • I'll Do Anything For You, No. 195A, May, 1944
  • The Breeze and I, No. 217B, June, 1944
  • You, You Darlin', No. 217B, June, 1944
  • The Great Lie, No. 283A, No. 63 (Navy), October, 1944
  • Contrasts, No. 314A, November, 1944
  • Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin', No. 314A, November, 1944
  • Sunset Strip, No. 326A, December, 1944
  • Grand Central Getaway, No. 391B, March, 1945
  • All the Things You Ain't, No. 391B, March, 1945
  • Long John Silver, No. 409B, April, 1945
  • More Than You Know, No. 451A (Army); No. 231A (Navy), June, 1945, with Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra
  • Brotherly Jump, No. 451B, June, 1945, with Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra
  • Jumpin' Jehosaphat, No. 470B, July, 1945; No. 250B (Marines), July, 1945
  • Together, No. 514A, September, 1945
  • King Porter Stomp, No. 514A, September, 1945
  • Hello Forget It, Goodbye, No. 713, December, 1946

Grammy Hall of Fame[edit]

Jimmy Dorsey was posthumously inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, which is a special Grammy award established in 1973 to honor recordings that are at least 25 years old and that have "qualitative or historical significance."

Jimmy Dorsey: Grammy Hall of Fame Awards[19]
Year Recorded Title Genre Label Year Inducted Notes
1942 "Brazil (Aquarela do Brasil)" Jazz (single) Decca 2008

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ruhlmann, William; Eder, Bruce. "Jimmy Dorsey: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d Walker, Leo. The Big Band Almanac (revised edition). New York: Da Capo, 1989.
  3. ^ see http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0234153/bio
  4. ^ "Tuxedo Junction Tommy Dorsey". George Spink. 2009. 
  5. ^ "Dorsey Brothers Orchestra". Scott Alexander. date published unknown.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ a b Gilliland, John (1994). Pop Chronicles the 40s: The Lively Story of Pop Music in the 40s (audiobook). ISBN 978-1-55935-147-8. OCLC 31611854.  Tape 2, side A.
  7. ^ "Solid! Kitty Kallen". Parabrisas. ?.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  8. ^ "Presenting Patti Palmer". Rick Saphire?. ?.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  9. ^ The Paley Center For Media.
  10. ^ Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (1992), The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network TV Shows, Ballantine Books, ISBN 0-345-37792-3; McNeil, Alex (1996), Total Television, Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-024916-8.
  11. ^ Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (1992), The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network TV Shows, Ballantine Books, ISBN 0-345-37792-3; McNeil, Alex (1996), Total Television, Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-024916-8.
  12. ^ a b Stockdale, Robert L. Jimmy Dorsey: A Study in Contrasts. (Studies in Jazz Series). Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1999.
  13. ^ Jordan, Steve, and Tom Scanlan. Rhythm Man: Fifty Years in Jazz. University of Michigan Press, 1991, p. 89.
  14. ^ The Saxophone Corner.
  15. ^ Berendt, Joachim (1976). The Jazz Book. Paladin. p. 203. 
  16. ^ Chicago Tribune June 13, 1957
  17. ^ Song artist 122-Jimmy Dorsey
  18. ^ Billboard Magazine, March 21, 1942.
  19. ^ Grammy Hall of Fame Database.

Sources[edit]

  • Stockdale, Robert L. Jimmy Dorsey: A Study in Contrasts. (Studies in Jazz Series). Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1999.
  • Arnold, Jay, ed. Jimmy Dorsey Saxophone Method: A School of Rhythmic Saxophone Playing. Warner Bros Pubns, 1999.
  • Sanford, Herb. Tommy and Jimmy: The Dorsey Years. (Introduction by Bing Crosby). DaCapo Press, 1980.
  • Bockemuehl, Eugene. On the Road with the Jimmy Dorsey Aggravation, 1947–1949. Gray Castle Press, 1996.
  • Metronome Magazine, March, 1942: Jimmy Dorsey cover. Metronome Editors. Vol. LVIII, No. 3.
  • Down Beat Magazine, October 21, 1946: Jimmy Dorsey and Paul Whiteman cover.

External links[edit]

  • Robert L. Stockdale, "Jimmy Dorsey: A Study In Contrasts", Lanham, MD, The Scarecrow Press, (c) 1999 (ISBN 0810835363)